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HER Number: 1250
Record Type: Building
Name: Wallingford Bridge, High Street

Designations

  • Listed Building (II*) 1368917: WALLINGFORD BRIDGE
  • Scheduled Monument () 1006294: Wallingford Bridge
Grid Reference: SU 610 894
Parish:WALLINGFORD, SOUTH OXFORDSHIRE, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Type(s):

  • BRIDGE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Summary

Bridge. C14 origins, repaired 1507 and 1528, 1646 arches removed and replaced with drawbridges. 1751, four arches rebuilt by Joseph Absolon of Wallingford. Widened 1770. OCC maintains while used as highway.

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    SU6189, SU6089SE WALLINGFORD HIGH STREET
    8/74, 11/74 Wallingford
    09/12/49 Wallingford Bridge
    GV II*
    Bridge. C14 origins, repaired 1507 and 1528, 1646 arches removed and replaced with drawbridges. 1751, four arches rebuilt by Joseph Absolon of Wallingford. Widened 1770. 1809 rebuilding, widening and "improving" following flood damage. Toll house demolished c.1930. Ashlar stone to north side, with flint cut-waters with stone dressings to left. Banded stone cut-waters to right. Ashlar stone to south side with areas of squared stone and flint chequer to right. 19 arches, 5 cross river. Some arches are ribbed and are probably C15 stonework, possibly re-used. Elliptical arches over river, with keystones and voussoirs. Open baluster balustrade over river. Plain stone balustrade to rear. Late C20 cast iron lamps. Also scheduled as an Ancient Monument.
    (V.C.H.: Berkshire, Vol.III, 1923, p.521-523; Buildings of England: Berkshire, 1966, p.250; "Historic Wallingford, a walk-round guide" by J and S Dewey 1982).
    Listing NGR: SU6100389468
    2) Ashlar bridge of 16 unequal arches containing the medieval (C15?) pointed arches within C18th facing on either side and widening on the N side. Two of the medieval arches are ribbed. Remains of toll house or bridge chapel on N side. Solid parapet except over rever section which has C18 balustrades.
    3) Present stone bridge at Wallingford replaced a wooden structure in C13th. Extensively repaired in 1530 using stone from Trinity Priory Church (PRN 7785). Four arches removed and wooden drawbridges substituted during siege of the Castle (PRN 7798) in 1646; these were not replaced until 1751. 1809 flood damage necessitated rebuilding of the 3 principal arches. At same time bridge widened by 7' [2.13m] along north side. May have been gate at west end with chapel over in C16th (see PRN 9776).
    5) Classified as medieval multispan bridge for MPP.
    6) Field investigation which resulted in identification of 4 phases of construction. Detailed information sections are provided.
    7) OCCM investigation revealed ancient portion of bridge appears to be semi-circular area, a rubble and flint barrel arch; a C12 date is suggested. Major rebuilds in the C13th-C14th, in C16th-C17th, and in C19th
    8) NB: All info from listing has been added to this record, so listing discarded.
    9) See DRF for Survey (to be scanned).
    10) Transferred to Oxon History Centre.
    11) Bridges database is not linked to this record, but found in E&E X:Documents:Bridges K2 database


    <1> Dept of Environment/DCMS, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, South Oxon List 123: 8/74, 11/74, p.37 (Index). SOX260.


    <2> English Heritage, Scheduled Ancient Monuments Record, SAM 235 (Scheduling record). SOX283.


    <3> OS Record Card, SU 68 NW 64, SU 68 NW 31 (Index). SOX273.


    <4> General reference, J E Field: 'The Antiquities of Wallingford' (1894) pp.26-8 (Bibliographic reference). SOX373.


    <5> MPP Documents for Oxfordshire, S Lisk, 5.4.93 (Index). SOX259.


    <6> CBA South Midlands Group, South Midlands Archaeology, CBA9, Vol 12 (1982) pp.110-113 (Serial). SOX5.


    <7> Medieval Archaeology, Vol 26 (1982) p.205 (Serial). SOX318.


    <8> NMR Monument - Long Listing Filed in Detailed Record File, SU 68 NW 64 (Index). SOX391.


    <9> Additional Information in Detailed Record File, Survey of Institute of Civ Engineers (Index). SOX258.


    <10> English Heritage (RCHME), 1987-1989, Historic Buildings Photographic Record Card (Photograph). SOX2063.


    <11> OCC Property & Facilities, 2011, K2 Property Database on Bridges, Jenny Johnson, 13.10.2011. (Unpublished note). SOX2845.


    <12> Oxford Architectural & Historical Society, Oxoniensia, Vol LXXV (2010) pp.9-11. Thames Crossings near Wallingford from Roman to Early Norman Times (Serial). SOX284.

    Sources

    <1>Dept of Environment/DCMS. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. South Oxon List 123: 8/74, 11/74, p.37. [Index / SOX260]
    <2>English Heritage. Scheduled Ancient Monuments Record. SAM 235. [Scheduling record / SOX283]
    <3>OS Record Card. SU 68 NW 64, SU 68 NW 31. [Index / SOX273]
    <4>General reference. J E Field: 'The Antiquities of Wallingford' (1894) pp.26-8. [Bibliographic reference / SOX373]
    <5>MPP Documents for Oxfordshire. S Lisk, 5.4.93. [Index / SOX259]
    <6>CBA South Midlands Group. South Midlands Archaeology. CBA9, Vol 12 (1982) pp.110-113. [Serial / SOX5]
    <7>Medieval Archaeology. Vol 26 (1982) p.205. [Serial / SOX318]
    <8>NMR Monument - Long Listing Filed in Detailed Record File. SU 68 NW 64. [Index / SOX391]
    <9>Additional Information in Detailed Record File. Survey of Institute of Civ Engineers. [Index / SOX258]
    <10>English Heritage (RCHME). 1987-1989. Historic Buildings Photographic Record Card. print. [Photograph / SOX2063]
    <11>OCC Property & Facilities. 2011. K2 Property Database on Bridges. Jenny Johnson, 13.10.2011.. [Unpublished note / SOX2845]
    <12>Oxford Architectural & Historical Society. Oxoniensia. Vol LXXV (2010) pp.9-11. Thames Crossings near Wallingford from Roman to Early Norman Times. [Serial / SOX284]