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HER Number: 2526
Record Type: Monument
Name: Ardley Wood Moated Ringwork


  • Scheduled Monument () 1015554: Ardley Wood moated ringwork
Grid Reference: SP 539 273

Monument Type(s):

  • MOAT (Early Medieval to Medieval - 410 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RINGWORK (Early Medieval to Medieval - 410 AD to 1539 AD)


Includes a sub-rectangular earthwork enclosure representing an earthwork ringwork, situated c.100m SW of Manor Farm in Ardley Wood. Believed to be a Norman ringwork reused in the medieval period as dry-moated settlement site.

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    (1) The earthworks consist of a 7m wide ditch which is open to a depth of c.2.3m with a single causeway entrance in the NE corner. The ditch encloses an area 66m from N to W and between 40m and 50m from E to W. There was originally a low internal bank which is now only visible on parts of the NW and SE sides. Where visible this measures c.2.5m wide and stands up to 0.6m high. This may well have been much more substantial or included a pallisade or wall in its original form. Within the enclosure are several possible building platforms which may represent accommodation and stables. The monument is believed to have originally been a Norman ringwork reused later in the medieval period as a dry-moated settlement site. Excluded from the scheduling is the boundary fence, although the ground beneath is included.
    (5) Not classifiable as a castle for MPP. Classified as a moat despite tenuous reference to castle.
    (6) Interpreted under MPP as Norman earthwork ring work (late A/S to late C12th), which was later reused as dry moated settlement site in later medieval period.
    7) Has been scaled down and will be added to digital records.
    10) Tree and scrub clearance, topographical survey and ongoing maintenance. Special Project awaiting approval

    <1> English Heritage, Scheduled Ancient Monuments Record, SM 28166 (Scheduling record). SOX283.

    <2> OS Record Card, SP 52 NW 2 (Index). SOX273.

    <3> Ordnance Survey, 6" map, 1923 and 1955 editions (Map). SOX7.

    <4> Victoria County History of Oxford, Vol 2 (1907) p.327; Vol 6 (1959) p.7 (Serial). SOX252.

    <5> MPP Documents for Oxfordshire, S Lisk, 20.11.92 (Index). SOX259.

    <6> Professional Judgement, S Lisk, 24.7.97 (Unpublished note). SOX275.

    <7> HER Map Cabinet, Plan of earthworks (undated); probably done by C J Bond (Graphic material). SOX326.

    <8> Additional Information in Detailed Record File, Copy of OS Record Card SP 52 NW 2 (Index). SOX258.

    <9> Black and White print photographs, 2 aerial views taken by Helicopter Training School, Netheravon (1972) (Photograph). SOX315.

    <10> Field Notes/Field Visit, Info from Dan Bashford, 22.4.2010. See Associated File (Unpublished document). SOX261.


    <1>XY>English Heritage. Scheduled Ancient Monuments Record. SM 28166. [Mapped feature: #51632 Scheduled area, ] [Scheduling record / SOX283]
    <2>OS Record Card. SP 52 NW 2. [Index / SOX273]
    <3>Ordnance Survey. 6" map. 1:10000. 1923 and 1955 editions. [Map / SOX7]
    <4>Victoria County History of Oxford. Vol 2 (1907) p.327; Vol 6 (1959) p.7. [Serial / SOX252]
    <5>MPP Documents for Oxfordshire. S Lisk, 20.11.92. [Index / SOX259]
    <6>Professional Judgement. S Lisk, 24.7.97. [Unpublished note / SOX275]
    <7>HER Map Cabinet. Plan of earthworks (undated); probably done by C J Bond. [Graphic material / SOX326]
    <8>Additional Information in Detailed Record File. Copy of OS Record Card SP 52 NW 2. [Index / SOX258]
    <9>Black and White print photographs. 2 aerial views taken by Helicopter Training School, Netheravon (1972). [Photograph / SOX315]
    <10>Field Notes/Field Visit. Info from Dan Bashford, 22.4.2010. See Associated File. [Unpublished document / SOX261]