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HER Number: 15867
Record Type: Monument
Name: Late Iron Age to Roman Settlement on Oxford Road

Grid Reference: SP 584 217
Parish:BICESTER, CHERWELL, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Type(s):

  • SETTLEMENT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 20 AD to 120 AD)

Summary

Remains of a low status rural LIA - R-B settlement located. Possibility of water management on site.

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    Trial trenching revealed presence of previously unknown RB settlement over eastern 1/3 of site. Geophysical surveys not done. (1)
    Extensive survival of LIA and RB settlement within the floodplain of Langford Brook. Features all preserved under post Roman alluvium, and interpreted as 2 phases based on stratigraphy and pottery. Phase 1 is dated to AD 20/30 to 60/70, and Phase 2 to AD 60/70 to 100/120. Interpreted as low status rural site typical of Upper Thames region in LIA and early RB period when increasing agricultural intensification required use of previously unused land (2)


    <1> Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit, 1993, An Archaeological Evaluation at Oxford Road, Bicester, Oxfordshire (Unpublished document). SOX636.


    <2> Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit, 1995, An Archaeological Excavation at Oxford Road, Bicester, Oxfordshire (Unpublished document). SOX637.

    Sources

    <1>Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit. 1993. An Archaeological Evaluation at Oxford Road, Bicester, Oxfordshire. [Unpublished document / SOX636]
    <2>Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit. 1995. An Archaeological Excavation at Oxford Road, Bicester, Oxfordshire. [Unpublished document / SOX637]