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HER Number: 5633
Record Type: Monument
Name: Bronze Age Round Barrows

Grid Reference: SP 574 217
Parish:BICESTER, CHERWELL, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Type(s):

Summary

Identified by R Featherstone (APU at RCHME). Visible on geophysical survey results and part excavated during an evaluation; the larger barrow produced Early Bronze Age collared urn pottery sherds from the ditch fills.

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    3) Additional photographic coverage was identified within the NMR collection during the Cherwell District cropmark survey. Most recent photo is 24-Jun-2003 (co-ordinates were mislabelled), SP5818/27 - NMR23137/24 (H. Hamilton 23-02-2007).
    5) See letter and Xerox in DRF.
    6) Aerial photo's show two uninterrupted ring ditches; these monuments are wholly eroded and flattened by ploughing. Other features in same area show possible ditched features and eroded broad ridge and furrow. Some fragmentary linear features lie adjacent to the ring ditches and are likely to be associated with either the Roman town or the activity immediately to the north (PRN 11214).

    7) Located in Trenches 77-79 were two round barrows determined by aerial photos and geophysical evidence, as well as evaluation. Ring ditches do not intercut, so it is not known which was constructed first. The larger ditch was the westernmost, and had a 32m diameter, with an almost 4m wide and 1.5m deep ditch. This ditch was open for some time after construction, allowing a charcoal-rich deposit to form. The lowest deposits were likely to have been waterlogged, with a silty and damp deposit of natural origin above the charcoal one. Within this deposit were Early Bronze Age sherds of collared Urn tradition. An internal ditch of approx. 17m diameter was also found which was much shallower than the outer one. The smaller, eastern ditch was only 0.58m deep and 1.45m wide with a 21.3m diameter. The ditch was partially backfilled, probably deliberately. No evidence of burials in either barrow, and the platforms have been ploughed out.


    <1> Oxfordshire County Council, 1961, Fairey Aerial Surveys, 6125/12.111 (Photograph). SOX264.


    <2> Pickering Aerial Photos, Examined by D Benson, 16.12.74. No reference given (Photograph). SOX418.


    <3> English Heritage, NMR Aerial Photographs, 4634/04, SP 5721/5. Laser copy held in SMR (Photograph). SOX294.


    <4> Slide Cabinet, 1 of site taken in 1989. See accompanying note from M Farley in DRF (Photograph). SOX303.


    <5> Local Informant as main provider of information, xerox of print by M Farley, 23-08-89 (Verbal communication). SOX277.


    <6> Air Photo Services Ltd, 2005, Land southwest of Bicester, Oxfordshire: Interpretation of Aerial Photographs for Archaeology (Unpublished document). SOX1735.


    <7> 2006, Land South West of Bicester, Oxfordshire: Report on Archaeological Evaluation (Stage 1) (Unpublished document). SOX3013.

    Sources

    <1>Oxfordshire County Council. 1961. Fairey Aerial Surveys. print. 6125/12.111. [Photograph / SOX264]
    <2>Pickering Aerial Photos. Examined by D Benson, 16.12.74. No reference given. [Photograph / SOX418]
    <3>English Heritage. NMR Aerial Photographs. 4634/04, SP 5721/5. Laser copy held in SMR. [Photograph / SOX294]
    <4>Slide Cabinet. 1 of site taken in 1989. See accompanying note from M Farley in DRF. [Photograph / SOX303]
    <5>Local Informant as main provider of information. xerox of print by M Farley, 23-08-89. [Verbal communication / SOX277]
    <6>Air Photo Services Ltd. 2005. Land southwest of Bicester, Oxfordshire: Interpretation of Aerial Photographs for Archaeology. Project No. 0418. [Unpublished document / SOX1735]
    <7>2006. Land South West of Bicester, Oxfordshire: Report on Archaeological Evaluation (Stage 1). [Unpublished document / SOX3013]