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HER Number: 16120
Record Type: Monument
Name: Iron Age Enclosures at Bicester Fields Farm

Grid Reference: SP 592 221
Parish:BICESTER, CHERWELL, OXFORDSHIRE

Monument Type(s):

  • ENCLOSURE (Middle Iron Age to Late Iron Age - 400 BC to 42 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Middle Iron Age to Late Iron Age - 400 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT CLUSTER (Middle Iron Age to Late Iron Age - 400 BC to 42 AD)
  • BOUNDARY DITCH (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)

Summary

Evidence of later prehistoric settlement in the form of sub-rectangular enclosures and associated pits and gullies were located. Pottery revealed Middle to Late Iron Age activity and later ridge and furrow was observed.

Associated Monuments

  • None
  • Associated Finds:

  • None
  • Description

    5) IA enclosure consisted of 2 phases, and surrounded by other domestic features: pits, boundayr ditches and both human and animal burials. Pottery assemblage placed site at end of IA, just before Roman conquest. Economy of farmstead larglely pastoral, but evidence for unusually large cattle and for ironworking suggest higher status settlement than other known contemporary ones. Evidence for earlier prehistoric (Mesolithic) activity
    6) NMR holdings include extensive coverage of the area during excavation:
    SP5922/4-8 - NMR 10874/32-6
    SP5922/9-13 - NMR 18102/01-5
    SP5922/14-17 - NMR 18077/01-4


    <1> Oxford Archaeological Unit, 1998, Post-excavation assessment at Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester (Unpublished document). SOX843.


    <2> Oxford Archaeology, 1998, Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Post Excavation Assessment and Research Design (Unpublished document). SOX689.


    <3> Oxford Archaeology, 1998, Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Archaeological Evaluation Report (Unpublished document). SOX688.


    <4> Oxford Archaeology, 1998, Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Report on Archaeogeophysical Survey, 1998 (Unpublished document). SOX687.


    <5> Oxford Architectural & Historical Society, Oxoniensia, vol LXIV (1999), pp 153-233 (Serial). SOX284.


    <6> English Heritage, NMR Aerial Photographs (Photograph). SOX294.


    <7> Oxford Archaeological Unit, 1998, Excavation of a Late Iron Age Enclosed Settlement at Bicester Field Farm: Archaeological Excavation (Unpublished document). SOX2312.


    <8> CBA South Midlands Group, South Midlands Archaeology, Vol 29 (1999) pp.75 (Serial). SOX5.

    Sources

    <1>Oxford Archaeological Unit. 1998. Post-excavation assessment at Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester. [Unpublished document / SOX843]
    <2>Oxford Archaeology. 1998. Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Post Excavation Assessment and Research Design. [Unpublished document / SOX689]
    <3>Oxford Archaeology. 1998. Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Archaeological Evaluation Report. [Unpublished document / SOX688]
    <4>Oxford Archaeology. 1998. Bicester Fields Farm, Bicester, Oxon: Report on Archaeogeophysical Survey, 1998. [Unpublished document / SOX687]
    <5>Oxford Architectural & Historical Society. Oxoniensia. vol LXIV (1999), pp 153-233. [Serial / SOX284]
    <6>English Heritage. NMR Aerial Photographs. [Photograph / SOX294]
    <7>Oxford Archaeological Unit. 1998. Excavation of a Late Iron Age Enclosed Settlement at Bicester Field Farm: Archaeological Excavation. [Unpublished document / SOX2312]
    <8>CBA South Midlands Group. South Midlands Archaeology. Vol 29 (1999) pp.75. [Serial / SOX5]