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Name: Motte? at Forbury Hill, Reading, Berkshire
HER Number: 02113.08.000
Record Type: Monument

Grid Reference: SU 719 736
Administrative Area/Parish:Reading, Reading, Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Summary

In 1150 Stephen constructed a castle within the abbey precinct, however it was destroyed in 1152. The roughly circular mound may be the remains of this motte modified by civil war activity and 19th century landscaping.

Monument Types

  • MOTTE (Medieval - 1150 AD to 1152 AD)

Description

In 1150 Stephen constructed a castle within the abbey precinct, however it was destroyed in 1152 <1>. The roughly circular mound may be the remains of this motte modified by civil war activity and 19th century landscaping.

Two boreholes drilled by researchers from the University of Reading in 2017 established that most, if not all, of the mound of the Hill is of post-medieval date and probably relates to a Civil War defensive structure before remodelling in the 19th century. They did not preclude that an earlier mound might have existed on the site that was incorporated into the later defensive earthwork but no undisturbed archaeological deposits pre-dating the Civil War were encountered in the borehole survey <5>.


<1> Astill, G.G, 1978, Historic towns in Berkshire: An archaeological appraisal, Page 80 (Bibliographic reference). SRD6871.


<2> Man, J, 1816, The History and Antiquities of Reading (Bibliographic reference). SRD9917.


<3> Malden H.E, 1906, Victoria County History of the County of Berkshire 1, Page 266 (Bibliographic reference). SBF5219.


<4> 1923, Victoria County History Berkshire, Page 343 (Bibliographic reference). SWK6192.


<5> University of Reading, 2018, Extending Histories: from Medieval Mottes to Prehistoric Round Mounds. Forbury Hill, Reading, Berkshire. (Unpublished document). SRM15522.

Sources

<1>Astill, G.G. 1978. Historic towns in Berkshire: An archaeological appraisal. Page 80. [Bibliographic reference / SRD6871]
<2>Man, J. 1816. The History and Antiquities of Reading. [Bibliographic reference / SRD9917]
<3>Malden H.E. 1906. Victoria County History of the County of Berkshire 1. Page 266. [Bibliographic reference / SBF5219]
<4>1923. Victoria County History Berkshire. Volume III. Page 343. [Bibliographic reference / SWK6192]
<5>University of Reading. 2018. Extending Histories: from Medieval Mottes to Prehistoric Round Mounds. Forbury Hill, Reading, Berkshire.. [Unpublished document / SRM15522]

Designations

  • Scheduled Monument 1007932: Reading Abbey: a Cluniac and Benedictine monastery and Civil War earthwork.

Associated Events:

ERM2137Extending Histories: from Medieval Mottes to Prehistoric Round Mounds. Forbury Mound, Reading, Berkshire.

Associated Monuments

MRD3917Medieval Reading (Monument)

Associated Finds:

  • None