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HER Number (PRN):05145
Name:Town defences, Bishops Castle
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Conservation Area: Bishop's Castle

Monument Type(s):

Summary

This site represents: a town defences of medieval date.

Parish:Bishop's Castle, South Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SO38NW
Grid Reference:SO 3246 8881

Related records: None recorded

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA4668 - 1987 excavation by Manchester University

Description

Town defences identified by D Hill, and excavated in two locations (SA5141 and SA5142) <1>

CMHTS Comment:- Defences were replaced by back lanes before post medieval period; identified course from OS map 1883 [<3>]. Fieldwork (1994) showed most bvious indications of defences at S end of defended area. The SE angle (in Station Street) is wall 1.0m high revetting raised ground to NW; similarly SW angle in Union Street is wall 2m high. Houses along NW to SE alignment of Union Street/Station Street are terraced into higher ground, with revetting walls up to 2.0m high. There is a low revetting wall in places along W side of Station Street, and a slightly raised area in the garden of Hill View in NW angle of defences. The west side of defences along Union Street is not clearly marked although there is a steep bank 2m high on west side of Union Street. The defences are not readily apparent as earthworks but seem to leave slight traces <2>

OS map 1883 <3>

CMHTS Report <4>


<01> Halliwell P R, 1988, Field Meeting on Offas Dyke (Article in serial). SSA11458.


<02> Buteux Victoria & Dalwood Hal, 1993/ 1996, CMHTS SMR Records Shropshire: Acton Burnell to Bishop's Castle, Bishops Castle 5145 (Record form). SSA19964.


<03> Ordnance Survey, 1884, OS County Series 42.04, 1884 (Map). SSA12057.


<04> Dalwood Hal et al, 1996, Archaeological Assessment of Bishop's Castle, Shropshire (CMHTS) (Historic landscape survey report). SSA12065.

Sources

[01]SSA11458 - Article in serial: Halliwell P R. 1988. Field Meeting on Offas Dyke. Herefordshire Archaeol News. Vol 48. p16-18.
[02]SSA19964 - Record form: Buteux Victoria & Dalwood Hal. 1993/ 1996. CMHTS SMR Records Shropshire: Acton Burnell to Bishop's Castle. Central Marches Historic Towns Survey record form. Vol 1. Bishops Castle 5145.
[03]SSA12057 - Map: Ordnance Survey. 1884. OS County Series 42.04, 1884. OS County Series. 62.04. 1:2500.
[04]SSA12065 - Historic landscape survey report: Dalwood Hal et al. 1996. Archaeological Assessment of Bishop's Castle, Shropshire (CMHTS). Hereford & Worcester CAS Rep. Rep 299.
Date Last Edited:Oct 11 2017 4:58PM