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HER Number (PRN):01008
Name:Bowl barrow at Old Shop Farm, Welshampton
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1016668: Bowl barrow

Monument Types

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A particularly well-preserved example of a Bronze Age burial mound, the Old Shop Farm barrow now lies, unusually, within a modern settlement and close to a main road.

Parish:Welshampton and Lyneal, North Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ43NW
Grid Reference:SJ 4358 3500

Related records

00884Related to: Find Spot (found pre-1898) of Roman coins found nr Welshampton (Find Spot)
00883Related to: Site of a mound c 250m E of the War Memorial (Monument)

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA983 - 1970 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA984 - 1973 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA985 - 1979 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA986 - 1982 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA8018 - 2016 Trial trenching on land at Old Shop Farm, Welshampton, Shropshire by Castlering Archaeology (Ref: 16/04152/DIS)

Description

At the east end of Welsh Hampton is still a small mound supposed to have been a barrow <1a>
A round barrow situated on the top of a pasture-covered ridge, with a diameter of 20m and a height of 2.2m. A shallow ditch on the E side has been reduced and spread by ploughing, and is 10m wide and 0.4m deep. OS FI 1973 <1>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, High score as one of 93 Bowl Barrows <6>

Scheduling revised in 1999. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on level ground immediately to the south of the main road that runs through Welshampton. From this location there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside. ->

-> The barrow mound, which is of earthen construction, is about 20m in diameter and survives to a height of 2.2m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature approximately 3m wide. ->

-> A number of features are excluded from the scheduling these are; an outbuilding to the south of the house at Old Shop Farm and associated yard surfaces and garden features; all modern field and enclosure boundaries that surround the monument; the telegraph pole and the base fixment for the supporting cable, and the pavement that runs alongside the monument next to the main road; the ground beneath all these features is, however, included. <7>

A shallow 10m wide ditch on its east side has been reduced and spread by ploughing. <8>

An evaluation was carried out on a site to the west and south of the barrow in 2016. This recorded no associated features, with no evidence predating the 20th century recorded. <9>

Included in a gazetteer of castles in Shropshire, as a possible motte. <10>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01008 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01a> Chitty Lily F, Map annotation by OS Correspondent (Map annotation). SSA3650.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1973, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ43SW4 (Card index). SSA3651.


<02> Musson Chris R, 1984-Mar-30, CPAT 84/04/0016a (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16947.


<03> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1983, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 11111 (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA3653.


<04> Lee M H, 1874, Article in Archaeologia Cambrensis, p207 (Article in serial). SSA501.


<05> Department of the Environment (DoE), 1971, Map of Scheduled area, 1971 (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA3652.


<06> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<07> English Heritage, 1999, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 07/07/1999) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA21249.


<08> Frost Pat, 2014, Land adjoining Old Shop Farm, Welshampton, Shropshire: heritage assessment (Deskbased survey report). SSA29108.


<09> Frost Pat, 2016, Land at Old Shop Farm, Welshampton, Shropshire: archaeological evaluation (Excavation report). SSA29107.


<10> Jackson M, 1985, A gazetteer of Medieval castles in England. Part 33- Shropshire, p.46 (Gazetteer). SSA29943.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01008.
[01a]SSA3650 - Map annotation: Chitty Lily F. Map annotation by OS Correspondent.
[01]SSA3651 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ43SW4. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ43SW4.
[02]SSA16947 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1984-Mar-30. CPAT 84/04/0016a.
[03]SSA3653 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1983. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 11111.
[04]SSA501 - Article in serial: Lee M H. 1874. Article in Archaeologia Cambrensis. Archaeologia Cambrensis. Ser 4, Vol 5 (Vol 29). p207.
[05]SSA3652 - Scheduled Monument notification: Department of the Environment (DoE). 1971. Map of Scheduled area, 1971.
[06]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[07]SSA21249 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1999. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 07/07/1999). 32293.
[08]SSA29108 - Deskbased survey report: Frost Pat. 2014. Land adjoining Old Shop Farm, Welshampton, Shropshire: heritage assessment. Castlering Archaeol Rep. 455.
[09]SSA29107 - Excavation report: Frost Pat. 2016. Land at Old Shop Farm, Welshampton, Shropshire: archaeological evaluation. Castlering Archaeol Rep. 563.
[10]SSA29943 - Gazetteer: Jackson M. 1985. A gazetteer of Medieval castles in England. Part 33- Shropshire. p.46.
Date Last Edited:Mar 19 2018 4:51PM