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HER Number (PRN):00163
Name:The Mount motte and bailey castle, 120m NE of Hill House Farm, Corfton
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1012856: The Mount motte and bailey castle

Monument Types

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A fine example of a Norman motte and bailey castle overlooking Corve Dale.

Parish:Diddlebury, South Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SO48SE
Grid Reference:SO 4974 8472

Related records: None recorded

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA4427 - 1978 field observation by Shropshire County Council
  • ESA4428 - 1954 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA4429 - 1982 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA4430 - 1973 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA8727 - 2018 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8625 - 2014 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8621 - 2015 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8361 - 2016 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8362 - 2017 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England

Description

The damaged state of the motte has led to its being regarded as a ringwork castle [<1a>], but this has been rejected. Situated on NE end of ridge with rectangular bailey on ridge end slopes. Sub circular motte 50m NE/SW and 42m NW/SE base diameter. Six metres above base of ditch, and has low bank around S half of summit. Ditch remains on N and E, 8m wide and 1m deep with low outer bank. Bailey 70m by 50m with low scarp on N and ditch 7m wide by 1m deep on S, with causeway towards W end. OS FI 1973 <1>

Site in fair condition. Some disturbance by cattle on the NW and tree roots on the W <4>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 46 Motte and Bailey castles <8>

Scheduling revised in 1995. Scheduling description: ->

->The monument includes 'The Mount' motte and bailey castle, situated on the north east end of a low ridge overlooking Corve Dale to the south east. It includes a motte, oval in plan, measuring at its base 50m north east to south west by 42m north west to south east and standing to a height of 5.5m. The flat summit of the motte is similarly oval in plan with dimensions of 37m by 25m and has a well defined bank around its outer edge. This is best preserved around the southern half of the motte where it remains up to 4m wide and 1.2m high. The ditch surrounding the mound is well defined around the north and east sides where it averages 6m wide and lm deep; it will survive as a buried feature of similar proportions around the remaining south west side of the motte. Material from the ditch has been thrown outwards to form a low counterscarp bank 4m wide and up to 0.9m high along the outer edge of the ditch. ->

-> A roughly rectangular bailey, which would have provided protection for the domestic buildings associated with the motte, is attached to the east side of the motte. It occupies ground sloping to the north and east and has overall dimensions of approximately 120m north west to south east by 100m transversely with an enclosed area of approximately one ha. The bailey perimeter earthworks can be recognised throughout most of their extent. Around the south east side they comprise a well defined ditch averaging 7m wide and 1.5m high on its inner north side, 1.3m on its outer. This lies on a south west to north east alignment and runs for approximately 70m. At its west end it is overlain by a small modern farm building which obscures the relationship between the ditch and the motte, although this relationship will be preserved beneath the building. A causeway 3m wide crosses the ditch 14m from the east face of the building. At its downslope, eastern end, the ditch widens out to form a roughly rectangular hollow 20m north west to south east by 12m transversely. From this point the inner scarp of the ditch turns to the north west, running for approximately 100m as a steep scarp up to 3m high forming the east side of the bailey. A sunken lane runs parallel to this side of the bailey, possibly following the alignment of an outer ditch. At its northern end this scarp turns to the south west as a well defined scarp 1.5m high, flanked by an outer ditch 8m wide and 0.5m deep. Both scarp and ditch fade out after approximately 100m, the scarp curving at its western end in towards the motte. The relationship between this earthwork and the motte is obscured by a later hedgeline. ->

-> The bailey is split into two portions by a low north west facing scarp 0.5m high, which lies on a south west to north east alignment joining the outer bank of the motte with the eastern side of the bailey. The interior ground surface of both parts of the bailey contain a number of irregular earthworks which probably relate to the occupation of the bailey. The metalled surface of the lane to the immediate east of the bailey, sections of farm buildings and fences which fall within the area of the scheduling are excluded though the ground beneath is included. The remains of the small chapel to the west of the motte are not included in the scheduling, protection by listing being more appropriate. <9>

Photographed during aerial survey in 2008-2010. <10><11><12>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 00163 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01b> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p394 (Volume). SSA178.


<01a> Alcock L & King D J C, 1969, Article in Chateau Gaillard (Article in monograph). SSA826.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1973, Ordnance Survey Record Card SO48SE1 (Card index). SSA835.


<02> Musson Chris R, 1989-Mar-17, CPAT 89/MB/0363 to 0364 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16197.


<03> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1983, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 13505 (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA838.


<04> Ryan Carole, 1978-Jun-22, Site Visit Form, 22/06/1978 (Field recording form). SSA839.


<05> Musson Chris R, 1990-Apr-04, CPAT 90/MB/0592 to 0593 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16198.


<06> English Heritage, Map of Scheduled area (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA836.


<08> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<09> English Heritage, 1995, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 26/07/1995) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA837.


<10> Shropshire Council, 2010-Mar-8, SA1005_281 to SA1005_285 (5 photos) Flight: 10_SA_05 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA26060.


<11> Shropshire Council, 2009-Mar-20, SA0906_121 to SA0906_126 (6 photos) Flight: 09_SA_06 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA26021.


<12> Shropshire Council, 2008-Jan-30, SA0802_290 to SA0802_291 (2 photos) Flight: 08_SA_02 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA25540.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 00163.
[01b]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p394.
[01a]SSA826 - Article in monograph: Alcock L & King D J C. 1969. Article in Chateau Gaillard. Chateau Gaillard 3. A J Taylor.
[01]SSA835 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO48SE1. Ordnance Survey record cards. SO48SE1.
[02]SSA16197 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1989-Mar-17. CPAT 89/MB/0363 to 0364 (2 photos). Black and White. Medium.
[03]SSA838 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1983. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 13505.
[04]SSA839 - Field recording form: Ryan Carole. 1978-Jun-22. Site Visit Form, 22/06/1978. SMR site visit form.
[05]SSA16198 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1990-Apr-04. CPAT 90/MB/0592 to 0593 (2 photos). Black and White. Medium.
[06]SSA836 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. Map of Scheduled area.
[08]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[09]SSA837 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1995. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 26/07/1995). 19188.
[10]SSA26060 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2010-Mar-8. SA1005_281 to SA1005_285 (5 photos) Flight: 10_SA_05. Colour. Digital.
[11]SSA26021 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2009-Mar-20. SA0906_121 to SA0906_126 (6 photos) Flight: 09_SA_06. Colour. Digital.
[12]SSA25540 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2008-Jan-30. SA0802_290 to SA0802_291 (2 photos) Flight: 08_SA_02. Colour. Digital.
Date Last Edited:Nov 13 2018 1:37PM