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HER Number (PRN):03799
Name:Tyrley Castle
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:None recorded

Monument Type(s):

  • CASTLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1540 AD)

Summary

This site represents: a castle of medieval date.

Parish:Sutton upon Tern, North Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ63SE
Grid Reference:SJ 6792 3374

Related records

14060Related to: Tyrley Castle Farmhouse, NEWPORT ROAD (Building)

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA3208 - 1958 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA3209 - 1962 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA3210 - 1884 excavation
  • ESA4613 - 1910 excavation

Description

A farmhouse (SA 14060) stands on the site of the castle which was left unfinished by Ralph de Botillar, who died in 1281 <1a>

There are no definite remains of earthworks <1b>

Tyrley Castle was probably built soon after the Conquest by the Pantulfs. it was enlarged and improved in the last quarter of the C13 when Welsh raids became troublesome and probably fell into disuse in the following century <1c>

Tyrley Castle is an C18 red brick farmhouse (SA 14060) which incorporates some red sandstone blocks. The latter is probably reused material. The house stands on a antural ridge. Slopes down to the N on the OS 25ins map are natural, marking the former south bank of the river Tern, and a fringe of slopes shown to the south of the house possibly results from gardening. Nothing of archaeological interest in the area. OS FI 1962 <1>

TIRLEY, at the date of Domesday, a Shropshire Manor of William Pantulf of WEM...had become the site of a castle, built by William Pantulf, or one William Pantulf's successors <2a>

A rise in the value of the Manor between 1066 and 1086 supports the conjecture of a castle here. Probably soon after the Conquest a rude fortification of earthwork and timber was made here..This was enlarged and improved in the last quarter of the C13 ..by Ralph le Boteler...After the invention of gunpowder, TIRLEY CASTLE became untenable...In the C14 extent s it is called simply the capital messuage or manor house. The castle is not mentioned in the sale of the Manor (1532) but appears in the Court Rolls prior to 1583 and the name was in general use after that date. The castle hill is a ridge about 300 yds long with an almost sheer descent on the northern side, but sloping gradually towards the east west and south...The original Norman keep must have stood about in the middle of the present farmhouse upon a knob of rock; and this was no doubt the central point of the stone building erected in the C13. Excavations in 1884 and 1910 revealed a long stretch of the outer wall of the later castle. These foundations were largely rubble but two courses of chamfered plinth stones were found in situ. These were removed and have been re-erected in the garden at Peatwood, half a mile to the east. Outside these foundations the ancient ditch, eighteen feet wide and filled up with black soil was found. Some ashes, two old Broseley pipe bowls and some brown and yellow slip pottery were also dug up; and it would seem there had been a fire at some time. There is a depression on the western side of the house towards the garden suggesting that the ditch continued round that side. Some holes were dug there, but nothing of interest was found. On the north side of the house there is some stone ashlar work, with a chamfered plinth and a rounded corner, which may be a remnant of the C13 building.....The bailey was probably on the north east side of the keep on a lower level, the site being occupied by the existing farm buildings. . <2b>

The late C18 brick farmhouse (SA 14060) is situated on the remains of a large mound and incorporates at the NW corner (the Dairy) the masonry referred to by Sneyd (in 1755) <2bi>

This does not appear to be original work as it is comprised of local sandstone which weathers quickly and this has a fresh appearance. No evidence of a bailey. ...OS FI 1958 <2>

The site is now occupied by a post-medieval farm with no upstanding earthworks or masonry surviving. It has been suggested that Tyrley Castle was established in the late 11th or 12th century by the Pantulf family, and was subsequently enlarged in the late 13th century. Nothing is known of the castle form to suggest the date of construction, and excavations in 1884 and 1910 have left no useful record, although rubble and limited ashlar stonework was uncovered and subsequently removed, as well as an outer ditch with supposed evidence of burnt material (see <2b>). <4>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 03799 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01a> Eyton R W, 1854/ 1860, Antiquities of Shropshire (Volume 9), p193 (Monograph). SSA6028.


<01b> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History Staffordshire 1, p370, with plan (Volume). SSA3742.


<01ci> Twemlow F R, 1945/ 1946, The Manor of Tyrley in the County of Stafford down to the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, p33-36 (Article in serial). SSA6050.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1959, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2, Staffs(Tyrley) OSRC (Card index). SSA9041.


<01c> Cantor L M, 1966, Article in North Staffordshire Journal of Field Studies (Article in serial). SSA9038.


<02bi> Sneyd E, 1755, Correspondence, 1755 (Correspondence). SSA9040.


<02a> Eyton R W, 1880, Wm Salt A.S, I, 224 - 5 (TEXT). SSA9039.


<02b> Twemlow F R, 1945/ 1946, The Manor of Tyrley in the County of Stafford down to the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, p17, p33-36 (Article in serial). SSA6050.


<02> Ordnance Survey, 1959, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2 (Card index). SSA9041.


<03> Ordnance Survey, 1973, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2, Shrops(Sutton on Tern) OS Card (Card index). SSA20910.


<04> Fradley Michael, 2006, Monastic enterprise in town and countryside: two case studies from north-east Shropshire, pp.16-18 (Article in serial). SSA28629.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 03799.
[01b]SSA3742 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History Staffordshire 1. Victoria County History of Staffordshire. Vol 1. p370, with plan.
[01a]SSA6028 - Monograph: Eyton R W. 1854/ 1860. Antiquities of Shropshire (Volume 9). Vol 9. p193.
[01ci]SSA6050 - Article in serial: Twemlow F R. 1945/ 1946. The Manor of Tyrley in the County of Stafford down to the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. Trans Staffordshire Rec Soc. p33-36.
[01c]SSA9038 - Article in serial: Cantor L M. 1966. Article in North Staffordshire Journal of Field Studies. N Staffordshire J Field Stud. Vol 6. p45.
[01]SSA9041 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1959. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ63SE2 (. Staffs(Tyrley) OSRC.
[02b]SSA6050 - Article in serial: Twemlow F R. 1945/ 1946. The Manor of Tyrley in the County of Stafford down to the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. Trans Staffordshire Rec Soc. p17, p33-36.
[02a]SSA9039 - TEXT: Eyton R W. 1880. Wm Salt A.S. I, 224 - 5.
[02bi]SSA9040 - Correspondence: Sneyd E. 1755. Correspondence, 1755.
[02]SSA9041 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1959. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ63SE2 (.
[03]SSA20910 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ63SE2. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ63SE2. Shrops(Sutton on Tern) OS Card.
[04]SSA28629 - Article in serial: Fradley Michael. 2006. Monastic enterprise in town and countryside: two case studies from north-east Shropshire. Landscape History. 28. pp.5-20. pp.16-18.
Date Last Edited:Mar 19 2018 4:24PM