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HER Number (PRN):00646
Name:Hem Ring
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:None recorded

Monument Type(s):

Summary

A curvilinear double ditched enclosure. A test trench across the inner ditch in 1958 tentatively identified 3 pre-Roman phases. Four small fragments of pottery found were dated as Roman with some medieval.

Parish:Westbury, Shrewsbury and Atcham, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ30NE
Grid Reference:SJ 356 057

Related records: None recorded

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA633 - 1959 excavation at Hem Ring
  • ESA634 - 1981 field observation by Shropshire County Council

Description

A small valley fort (sic) identified on APs by Dr St Joseph <1><4a>

It was double ditched. A test trench across the inner ditch in 1958 tentatively identified three pre-Roman phases, the earliest a simple palisade trench. Four small fragments of pottery found. The pottery was shown to Messrs PA Barker, GC Dunning and JG Hurst and regarded by them as Roman with some medieval. A metalled trackway leading eastwards through the bank was reportedly found in 1959. L Chitty suggests that this may be the lost Domesday Manor of the Rea, and the site a Ringwork Castle <6>

A little early medieval pottery was found. Field name Big Dollis (-dol + llys = meadow court?) <7>

There were no earthworks in any of the fields in the vicinity. Most of the fields have been ploughed in recent times. However, both the field names of the NGR and that adjoining it have the prefix Stony, in an area of no natural stone outcrops <8>

Sited in the Rea Valley about 100m OD. A roughly circular double- ditched enclosure, with simple entrance to S, c 120m in diameter. On the ground the site appears as a slight rise in the flat landscape. No surface features or defences are visible. The former owner reported that it was possible to see the cropmark on the ground when they owned it. A Tyler FI 1981 <9>

The single palisade enclosure phase of this site was listed by Challis and Harding under Curvilinear enclosures (Iron Age) <10>

The site of the deserted hamlet of Ree may have been the large circular ditched enclosure SW of Lower Hem Farm <11>

Described by Whimster as a curvilinear double ditched enclosure <13>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 20 Ringworks. <14>

Visible on 1983 vertical aerial photograph. <15>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 00646 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01> Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP), 1956-Jul-25, CUCAP TN15 to TN18 (4 Photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16737.


<02> Ordnance Survey, 1979, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ30NE10 (Card index). SSA2557.


<03> Musson Chris R, 1984-Jul-22, CPAT 84/MB/0540 to 0542 (3 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16736.


<04a> Anon, 1957, Oblique View, 1957 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16738.


<04> Whimster Rowan, 1982, AP Plot for Plot Sheet SJ3505 Mapping unit SJ355057 (Aerial photograph transcription). SSA2552.


<05> Ozanne, 1959, Article in the Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society (Article in serial). SSA2553.


<06> Guilbert G, 1976, Correspondence, 22/10/1976 (Correspondence). SSA2554.


<07a> Eyton R W, 1854/ 1860, Antiquities of Shropshire, p116-117 (Monograph). SSA2162.


<07> Chitty Lily F, 1957/ 1960, Article in the Transactions of the Caradoc and Severn Valley Field Club, p77 (Article in serial). SSA293.


<08> Page P S, 1977, Deserted Villages in Shropshire, p29 (Gazetteer). SSA264.


<09> Tyler Alan W, 1981-May, Site Visit Form, May 1981 (Field recording form). SSA2558.


<10a> Ritchie A, 1970, Palisaded Sites in N Britain, p48-67 (Monograph). SSA2556.


<10> Challis A J & Harding D W, 1975, Later Prehistory from Trent to Tyne, p53 (Volume). SSA2555.


<11> Gaydon A T (ed), 1968, Victoria County History 8: Condover and Ford Hundreds, p307 (Volume). SSA1126.


<12> 1985-Aug-30, Three colour slides of Hem Ring Westbury, 30 Aug 1985 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA16739.


<13> Whimster Rowan, 1989, The Emerging Past: Air photography - the Buried Landscape, No 1 on Fig 26, p43 (Monograph). SSA21.


<14> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<15> Cartographical Services Ltd, 1983, Set of vertical aerial photographs, 1983, Frame 6061 (Vertical aerial photograph). SSA22421.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 00646.
[01]SSA16737 - Oblique aerial photograph: Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP). 1956-Jul-25. CUCAP TN15 to TN18 (4 Photos). Black and white.
[02]SSA2557 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1979. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ30NE10 . Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ30NE10 .
[03]SSA16736 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1984-Jul-22. CPAT 84/MB/0540 to 0542 (3 photos). Black and White. Medium.
[04a]SSA16738 - Oblique aerial photograph: Anon. 1957. Oblique View, 1957.
[04]SSA2552 - Aerial photograph transcription: Whimster Rowan. 1982. AP Plot for Plot Sheet SJ3505 Mapping unit SJ355057. Plot Sheet SJ3505 Mapping unit SJ355057. 1:10560 and 1:2500.
[05]SSA2553 - Article in serial: Ozanne. 1959. Article in the Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Proc Prehist Soc. Vol 25. p276.
[06]SSA2554 - Correspondence: Guilbert G. 1976. Correspondence, 22/10/1976. Shropshire County Council.
[07a]SSA2162 - Monograph: Eyton R W. 1854/ 1860. Antiquities of Shropshire. p116-117.
[07]SSA293 - Article in serial: Chitty Lily F. 1957/ 1960. Article in the Transactions of the Caradoc and Severn Valley Field Club. Trans Caradoc Severn Valley Fld Club. Vol 15. p77.
[08]SSA264 - Gazetteer: Page P S. 1977. Deserted Villages in Shropshire. Site list. p29.
[09]SSA2558 - Field recording form: Tyler Alan W. 1981-May. Site Visit Form, May 1981. SMR site visit form.
[10]SSA2555 - Volume: Challis A J & Harding D W. 1975. Later Prehistory from Trent to Tyne. BAR British Series. Vol 20. p53.
[10a]SSA2556 - Monograph: Ritchie A. 1970. Palisaded Sites in N Britain. Scottish Archaeol Forum. p48-67.
[11]SSA1126 - Volume: Gaydon A T (ed). 1968. Victoria County History 8: Condover and Ford Hundreds. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 8. p307.
[12]SSA16739 - Oblique aerial photograph: 1985-Aug-30. Three colour slides of Hem Ring Westbury, 30 Aug 1985. Colour. 35mm.
[13]SSA21 - Monograph: Whimster Rowan. 1989. The Emerging Past: Air photography - the Buried Landscape. No 1 on Fig 26, p43.
[14]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[15]SSA22421 - Vertical aerial photograph: Cartographical Services Ltd. 1983. Set of vertical aerial photographs, 1983. Black and white. 1:10000. Frame 6061.
Date Last Edited:Jun 18 2018 9:18AM