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HER Number (PRN):01079
Name:Ringwork SW of Wollaston
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1019831: Ringwork

Monument Types

  • RINGWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1540 AD)

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A good example of a ringwork (a nationally rare form of stronghold usually dating to within the late Anglo-Saxon and Norman periods), of particular interest because of its unusual raised form and its proximity to the motte at Wollaston.

Parish:Wollaston, Shrewsbury and Atcham, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ31SW
Grid Reference:SJ 3242 1203

Related records: None recorded

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA1256 - 1953 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1257 - 1971 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1258 - 1979 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1259 - 1979 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1260 - 1979 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1261 - 1980 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1262 - 1981 field observation by Shropshire County Council
  • ESA1263 - 1986 field observation by Shropshire County Council
  • ESA8727 - 2018 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8625 - 2014 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8621 - 2015 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8361 - 2016 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England
  • ESA8362 - 2017 Heritage at Risk Survey by Historic England

Description

Roughly oval earthwork with scarp slope 1.2m high with outer bank 0.4m high on the S and W sides. Position is weak and counterscarp unusual for a ringwork <1>

Ploughed 1983 <2><7><8>

Rotovated in winter 1976-7. Disturbance on west side of inner bank- some stones thrown up. Very weak defensive position <5>

A small oval camp originally surrounded by a bank of which a fragment 5ft high remains at the north, the other portion of the area showing a scarp only, the rampart having perished. Around this is a ditch 2ft deep and a smaller, outer bank with an escarpment of 3ft, except where levelled on the north <10a>

A ringwork about 140ft in diameter. Apparently called "Caesar's Camp". <11>

Field drains laid round N & E periphery of site, unlikely to have caused any serious disturbance <13>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 20 Ringworks <21>

Scheduling affirmed in 2001. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a ringwork occupying a slightly elevated position in an area of gently undulating and formerly marshy land. It is one of a number of early medieval castle sites in this area which controlled the movement of people along the valley between the Breidden hills and Long Mountain. The closest of these castles survive at Wollaston and Bretchel, at a distance of 500m and 1.25km respectively. Both of these castles are the subject of separate schedulings. ->

-> The ringwork north of Lane Farm is a D-shaped enclosure where the internal area has been raised above the level of the surrounding land to form a flat-topped mound, measuring approximately 43m by 58m across the top and 50m by 68m at its base. For the most part the mound stands about lm high, but to the east, where there is a natural depression, its height increases to 1.8m. The mound was surmounted by a bank around its outer edge. This bank is no longer visible as an upstanding earthwork as it has been levelled by successive phases of ploughing since the 19th century. Evidence for it will, however, survive as a buried feature. The mound is defined by a ditch about 4m wide on its western side and up to 10m wide on its eastern side. An outer bank, about 6m wide, on the western and northern western sides provided an additional line of defence. The ditch has mainly been infilled during the cultivation of the area and the external bank has also been spread and reduced in height by ploughing. The remains of these defences will survive as buried features. <22>

Photographed during aerial survey in 2008 and 2009. <23><24><25>

Some remains of a breastwork on the N side. A ditch and an outer bank surround all but the N side. <26>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01079 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1980, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ31SW1 (Card index). SSA4058.


<02> Musson Chris R, 1983-Oct-29, CPAT 83/22/0027 to 0028 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17034.


<03> Musson Chris R, 1980-Jun-08, CPAT 80/C/0081 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17035.


<04> Musson Chris R, 1979-Jul-25, CPAT 79/CH/0026 to 0027 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17036.


<05> Musson Chris R, 1977-Feb, CPAT 4?/06/0008 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17037.


<06> Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP), 1966-Dec-20, CUCAP AQI93 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17038.


<07> Musson Chris R, 1983-Aug-03, CPAT 83/C/0341 to 0343 (3 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17039.


<08> Musson Chris R, 1983-Oct-29, CPAT 83/C/0494 to 0495 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA19795.


<09> Musson Chris R, 1983-Aug-03, CPAT 83/15/0013 to 0014 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17040.


<10a> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p382 (Volume). SSA178.


<10c> Anon, 1949/ 1950, Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society, p85 (Volume). SSA484.


<10b> Gaydon A T (ed), 1968, Victoria County History 8: Condover and Ford Hundreds, p189 (Volume). SSA1126.


<10> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1983, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 13505 (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4062.


<11> Spurgeon C J & King D J C, 1965, The Mottes in the Vale of Montgomery, p81-82 (Article in serial). SSA4084.


<12> Tyler Alan W, 1981-May, Site Visit Form, May 1981 (Field recording form). SSA4063.


<13> Watson Michael D, 1986-Sep-11, Visit Notes, 11/09/1986 (Site visit report). SSA4064.


<14> Shropshire County Council, 1986, Correspondence, 1986 (Correspondence). SSA4057.


<15> Shropshire County Council, 1983, Correspondence, 1983 (Correspondence). SSA4056.


<16> English Heritage, Map of Scheduled area (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4061.


<17> Tyler Alan W, 1980-Oct, Boscobel House (Photograph). SSA4060.


<18> Tyler Alan W, 1981-May, Caesars Camp (Photograph). SSA12855.


<19> Watson Michael D, 1983-May/Sep, View of Caesar's Camp Ringwork, Wollaston, May/Sep 1983 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA4059.


<20> Musson Chris R, 1986-Jan-03, CPAT 86/MB/0034 to 0035 (2 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17041.


<21> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File, Ringworks (TEXT). SSA20084.


<22> English Heritage, 2001, Scheduling Papers (Affirmation, 09/05/2001) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA20678.


<23> Shropshire Council, 2008-Dec-3, SA0813_095 to SA0813_099 (5 photos) Flight: 08_SA-13 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA25235.


<24> Shropshire Council, 2008-Jul-24, SA0809_001 to SA0809_004 (4 photos) Flight: 08_SA_09 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA25350.


<25> Shropshire Council, 2009-Apr-5, SA0908_4 to SA0908_5 (2 photos) Flight: 09_SA_08 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA25650.


<26> Jackson M, 1985, A gazetteer of Medieval castles in England. Part 33- Shropshire, p.50 (Gazetteer). SSA29943.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01079.
[01]SSA4058 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1980. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ31SW1. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ31SW1.
[02]SSA17034 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1983-Oct-29. CPAT 83/22/0027 to 0028 (2 photos).
[03]SSA17035 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1980-Jun-08. CPAT 80/C/0081. Colour. 35mm.
[04]SSA17036 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1979-Jul-25. CPAT 79/CH/0026 to 0027 (2 photos).
[05]SSA17037 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1977-Feb. CPAT 4?/06/0008.
[06]SSA17038 - Oblique aerial photograph: Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP). 1966-Dec-20. CUCAP AQI93. Black and white.
[07]SSA17039 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1983-Aug-03. CPAT 83/C/0341 to 0343 (3 photos). Colour. 35mm.
[08]SSA19795 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1983-Oct-29. CPAT 83/C/0494 to 0495 (2 photos). Colour. 35mm.
[09]SSA17040 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1983-Aug-03. CPAT 83/15/0013 to 0014 (2 photos).
[10b]SSA1126 - Volume: Gaydon A T (ed). 1968. Victoria County History 8: Condover and Ford Hundreds. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 8. p189.
[10a]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p382.
[10]SSA4062 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1983. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 13505.
[10c]SSA484 - Volume: Anon. 1949/ 1950. Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society. Transactions Shropshire Archaeol Hist Soc. Vol 53. p85.
[11]SSA4084 - Article in serial: Spurgeon C J & King D J C. 1965. The Mottes in the Vale of Montgomery. Archaeologia Cambrensis. Vol 114. p81-82.
[12]SSA4063 - Field recording form: Tyler Alan W. 1981-May. Site Visit Form, May 1981. SMR site visit form.
[13]SSA4064 - Site visit report: Watson Michael D. 1986-Sep-11. Visit Notes, 11/09/1986.
[14]SSA4057 - Correspondence: Shropshire County Council. 1986. Correspondence, 1986.
[15]SSA4056 - Correspondence: Shropshire County Council. 1983. Correspondence, 1983.
[16]SSA4061 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. Map of Scheduled area.
[17]SSA4060 - Photograph: Tyler Alan W. 1980-Oct. Boscobel House. Black and white. 35mm.
[18]SSA12855 - Photograph: Tyler Alan W. 1981-May. Caesars Camp. Black and white. 35mm.
[19]SSA4059 - Oblique aerial photograph: Watson Michael D. 1983-May/Sep. View of Caesar's Camp Ringwork, Wollaston, May/Sep 1983. Black and white. 35mm.
[20]SSA17041 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1986-Jan-03. CPAT 86/MB/0034 to 0035 (2 photos). Black and White. Medium.
[21]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File. Ringworks.
[22]SSA20678 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 2001. Scheduling Papers (Affirmation, 09/05/2001). 33841.
[23]SSA25235 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2008-Dec-3. SA0813_095 to SA0813_099 (5 photos) Flight: 08_SA-13. Colour. Digital.
[24]SSA25350 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2008-Jul-24. SA0809_001 to SA0809_004 (4 photos) Flight: 08_SA_09. Colour. Digital.
[25]SSA25650 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2009-Apr-5. SA0908_4 to SA0908_5 (2 photos) Flight: 09_SA_08. Colour. Digital.
[26]SSA29943 - Gazetteer: Jackson M. 1985. A gazetteer of Medieval castles in England. Part 33- Shropshire. p.50.
Date Last Edited:Nov 13 2018 11:40AM