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HER Number (PRN):01130
Name:Bowl barrow in Petton Park (Petton Motte)
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1016826: Bowl barrow

Monument Types

Summary

Scheduled Monument: Despite later intrusion by an ice house (PRN 19635) this is still a good example of a burial mound of probable Bronze Age date. The site has also previously been interpreted as a Norman motte (earthwork castle).

Parish:Petton, North Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ42NW
Grid Reference:SJ 4410 2624

Related records

19635Related to: Ice house apx 60m SE of Petton Church (Building)
01278Related to: Postulated DMV at Petton (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FSA1165 - DAGGER (Undated)

Associated Events

  • ESA1443 - 1961 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1444 - 1970 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1445 - 1973 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1446 - 1978 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1447 - 1982 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1448 - 1991 field observation by Shropshire County Council

Description

Bears little resemblance to motte or barrow. Land falls to east, but not a dominating position. There is no trace of a ditch or of a bailey. The mound has a minimum height of 1.4m and its flat and level top has a diameter of 10m . It is 24m in diameter at the base. From the top of the mound is a good all-round view which suggests a Belvedere or a Gazebo. OS FI 1961 <1>

The mound, which is 1.8m high on the NW and 3m on its SE side, is unlikely to have been the site of a gazebo. The ice house (PRN 19635)) to the south may have avoided the mound as trees were present on it. Slight indications of a ditch on the NW, but no trace of a bailey. A dagger reputedly found in the mound and presented to Shrewsbury Museum cannot be traced. OS FI 1973. <1>

This is a small, not particularly impressive motte, with a diameter of approximately 12m across its top, which is flat. The ditch is marked by a band of denser, greener vegetation around the base of the mound, but no bailey was visible. There is a smaller mound on its SW side which is the remains of an ice house (PRN 19635-a listed structure).. The motte is not in good condition. There is some stock erosion, but much more seriously, the motte is falling into the huge gravel pit to its south east....The area of erosion reported by the Field Monument Warden in 1978 is now several metres high and is clearly dangerous. It has been fenced off, but there is probably little that can be done to stop it falling into the pit. W Horton FI 1991 <6>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 43 Motte castles <10>

Scheduling affirmed in 1999, at which point interpreted as a bowl barrow. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow, situated on a gentle east facing slope with the ground also falling away to the south east. From this location there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside. Approximately 300m north east of the barrow is a moated site which is the subject of a separate scheduling. ->

-> The barrow mound is constructed of sand and gravel. It is about 23m in diameter and survives to a height of 2m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds part of the mound. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide. ->

-> Next to the barrow on its southern side there is an ice house, which is Listed Grade II. This structure has cut through the ditch surrounding the barrow mound on this side and is not included in the scheduling. A former sand and gravel quarry, immediately to the east of the barrow and the ice house, has also truncated the ditch surrounding the barrow mound and this area is also not included in the scheduling, although the quarry face is included. The fence separating the monument from the quarry is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included <11>

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01130.
[01]SSA4440 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ42NW1. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ42NW1.
[02]SSA17099 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1983-Mar-06. CPAT 83/S/0001.
[03]SSA4443 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1983. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 10613.
[04]SSA110 - Monograph: Pevsner Nikolaus. 1958. Buildings of England (Shropshire). Buildings of England. p227.
[05]SSA4441 - Scheduled Monument notification: Department of the Environment (DoE). 1971. Map of Scheduled area, 1971.
[06]SSA4444 - Field recording form: Horton Wendy B. 1991. Site Visit Form. SMR site visit form.
[07]SSA12863 - Photograph: Horton Wendy B. 1991-Oct. Icehouse and Motte, Petton. Colour. 35mm.
[08]SSA4442 - Photograph: Watson Michael D. 1985. Motte Petton. Colour.
[09]SSA4439 - Correspondence: English Heritage & Shropshire County Council. 1992. Correspondence, 1992.
[10]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[11]SSA21254 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1999. Scheduling Papers (Affirmation, 07/07/1999). 32299.
[12]SSA23518 - Monograph: Newman J & Pevsner N. 2006. Buildings of England: Shropshire. Buildings of England. p467.
Date Last Edited:Jul 15 2015 3:54PM