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HER Number (PRN):01141
Name:Weston Motte
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1020288: The Mount

Monument Types

  • MOTTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1540 AD)

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A small medieval motte castle (an earthwork mound) overlooking Weston, probably the site of a small structure such as a watchtower.

Parish:Weston-under-Redcastle, North Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SJ52NE
Grid Reference:SJ 5640 2912

Related records

01140Related to: Red Castle, Hawkstone Park (Monument)

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA1488 - 1815 excavation
  • ESA1489 - 1962 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1490 - 1970 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1491 - 1978 field observation by Shropshire County Council
  • ESA1492 - 1979 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1493 - 1980 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1494 - 1983 field observation by English Heritage

Description

Possibly a C18 folly, but the ditch is improbable in this case. Sides too steep for gazebo platform and there is no ramp. Barrow or windmill mound interpretations were also rejected. Position on summit of minor hill and proximity to site of medieval chapel suggest a motte, possibly the predecessor of Red Castle. (SA 1140). OS FI 1962 <1>

Mound known as the Kill-yards in early C19. In c1815 a mound was dug into at Weston and foundations of a small oblong building were discovered. The walls were double; in the space between them bones are said to have been found <2a>
Mound 18ft high with a basin shaped summit, 4ft deep; around the base of the scarp is a fosse 4ft deep on the NW, but filled to within a foot on the SW. (1908) <2b>

The mound, which is almost certainly a motte, is in good condition as described. The surrounding area is under intermittent cultivation. No trace of bailey. I Burrow FI 1978 <3>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 43 Motte castles <6>

Scheduling revised in 2001. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a motte castle, occupying an elevated position with commanding views of the north Shropshire plain and the hills of the Welsh borderland beyond. It is situated 820m to the south west of Red Castle, which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The flat-topped, steep-sided circular motte measures approximately 30m at its base and between 15m to 18m across the top, and stands about 4.2m high. The size of the motte indicates that it was only large enough to support a small structure such as a watchtower. The motte is surrounded by a ditch about 7m wide, which on the eastern side is visible as a shallow depression 0.5m deep. To the north and west this ditch has been infilled, but will survive as a buried feature. Two depressions on the top and on the south eastern side of the motte are the result of quarrying for earth in modern times. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included <7>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01141 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1962, Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ52NE1 (Card index). SSA4517.


<02a> Hill J, 1829, Antiquites of Hawkstone, p15, p53 (Monograph). SSA4489.


<02b> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p389 (Volume). SSA178.


<02> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1983, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 14584 (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4520.


<03> Burrow Ian, 1978-Mar-28, Site Visit Form, 28/03/1978 (Field recording form). SSA4521.


<04> Burrow Ian, 1978-Mar, The Mount, Weston-under-Redcastle (Photograph). SSA4518.


<05> Department of the Environment (DoE), 1971, Map of Scheduled area, 1971 (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4519.


<06> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<07> English Heritage, 2001, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 18/09/2001) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA20701.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01141.
[01]SSA4517 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1962. Ordnance Survey Record Card SJ52NE1. Ordnance Survey record cards. SJ52NE1.
[02b]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p389.
[02a]SSA4489 - Monograph: Hill J. 1829. Antiquites of Hawkstone. p15, p53.
[02]SSA4520 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1983. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 14584.
[03]SSA4521 - Field recording form: Burrow Ian. 1978-Mar-28. Site Visit Form, 28/03/1978. SMR site visit form.
[04]SSA4518 - Photograph: Burrow Ian. 1978-Mar. The Mount, Weston-under-Redcastle. Black and white. 35mm.
[05]SSA4519 - Scheduled Monument notification: Department of the Environment (DoE). 1971. Map of Scheduled area, 1971.
[06]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[07]SSA20701 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 2001. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 18/09/2001). 34914.
Date Last Edited:Dec 22 2010 2:06PM