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HER Number (PRN):01160
Name:Motte castle 30m south of The Old Farm, Bucknell
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Conservation Area: Bucknell
Scheduled Monument 1012867: Motte castle

Monument Types

  • MOTTE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1901 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (17th century to Early 20th century (pre-war) - 1600 AD to 1901 AD)

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A good example of a Norman motte castle overlooking a crossing point of the River Redlake.

Parish:Bucknell, South Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SO37SE
Grid Reference:SO 3558 7396

Related records

18008Parent of: Ice house immediately to SE of The Old Farmhouse, Bucknell (Building)
08063Part of: Medieval Manors of Bucknell (Monument)
17206Related to: Barn, cart entrance and loose box appoximately 40m W of The Old Farmhouse, Bucknell (Building)
13471Related to: The Old Farmhouse, Bucknell (Building)

Associated Finds

  • FSA1132 - VESSEL (Undated)
  • FSA1027 - AXEHEAD (17th century - 1640 AD to 1660 AD)
  • FSA1565 - SPEAR (17th century - 1640 AD to 1660 AD)
  • FSA814 - SWORD (17th century - 1640 AD to 1660 AD)

Associated Events

  • ESA1531 - 1970 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1532 - 1973 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1533 - 1981 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1534 - 1986 field observation by English Heritage

Description

A small, much mutilated motte on water meadows near the N bank of the River Redlake. Base diameter 22m, height 4.5m, S side cut back by c7m for the construction of a farm building, and an ice house has been built into the NNW side. Only on the NE is there a fragment of ditch 6m wide and 0.4m deep. OS FI 1973 <1>
In 1908: 13ft high with ditch 3ft deep except where destroyed on the S <1a>
Finds: Spearhead. Sword and Iron Axe head found by Margaret Rutherford, of Bucknell. Contemporary pottery found 2ft 6ins to 3ft down in floor. Polatea House Tumulus 1953 <1b>
All these finds were of Civil War period, and are lost <1>
A Civil War spearhead was found in the moat in 1952, report with Miss Chitty <1c>
The spearhead is in Clun Museum <1>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 43 Motte castles <8>

Scheduling revised in 1995. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the remains of a small motte castle situated on the north bank of the River Redlake, in close proximity to Bucknell parish church and a river crossing point. It includes an earthen mound, or motte, oval in plan measuring 22m east to west by 20m north to south and standing up to 4.3m high. The summit of the motte is eroded and slumped giving a rounded profile and measures 8m east to west by 6m north to south. The southern side of the mound has been cut into to allow the construction of a farm building, now removed. A stone lined ice house 1.3m high and 6m deep has been built into the NNW side of the mound. The ice house, which is a Listed Building Grade II, is included in the scheduling. A fragment of the surrounding ditch is visible as an earthwork for a short length on the north east side of the mound, here it is 3m wide and 0.3m deep. The ditch will continue around the remaining sides of the motte as a buried feature of similar width, except in the north west quarter where the foundation cut of the adjacent farm house will have destroyed the ditch. <9>

Visited during a desk-based assessment in December 2018 and survival assessed. <10>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01160 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01a> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p385 (Volume). SSA178.


<01b> Hobbs J L, 1952, Map annotation by OS Correspondent (Map annotation). SSA4592.


<01c> Bird A J, 1953, Map annotation by OS Correspondent (Map annotation). SSA4591.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1973, Ordnance Survey Record Card SO37SE3 (Card index). SSA4593.


<02> Musson Chris R, 1987-Jan-03, CPAT 87/MB/0011 to 0014 (4 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17134.


<03> Musson Chris R, 1989-Feb-20, CPAT 89/MB/0018 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17135.


<04> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1987-Feb-24, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 32139 (24/02/1987) (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4598.


<05> Ryan Carole, 1985, The Motte, Bucknell (Photograph). SSA4597.


<06> Anon, The Motte, Bucknell (Photograph). SSA4596.


<07> Department of the Environment (DoE), 1976, Map of Scheduled area, 1976 (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4594.


<08> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<09> English Heritage, 1995, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 26/07/1995) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4595.


<10> Barratt G, 2018, Archaeological desktop evaluation & walkover survey for land at Old Farm, Bucknell, Shropshire (Deskbased survey report). SSA30599.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01160.
[01a]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p385.
[01c]SSA4591 - Map annotation: Bird A J. 1953. Map annotation by OS Correspondent.
[01b]SSA4592 - Map annotation: Hobbs J L. 1952. Map annotation by OS Correspondent.
[01]SSA4593 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO37SE3. Ordnance Survey record cards. SO37SE3.
[02]SSA17134 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1987-Jan-03. CPAT 87/MB/0011 to 0014 (4 photos). Black and White. Medium.
[03]SSA17135 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1989-Feb-20. CPAT 89/MB/0018. Black and White. Medium.
[04]SSA4598 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1987-Feb-24. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 32139 (24/02/1987).
[05]SSA4597 - Photograph: Ryan Carole. 1985. The Motte, Bucknell. Colour.
[06]SSA4596 - Photograph: Anon. The Motte, Bucknell. Colour.
[07]SSA4594 - Scheduled Monument notification: Department of the Environment (DoE). 1976. Map of Scheduled area, 1976.
[08]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[09]SSA4595 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1995. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 26/07/1995). 19201.
[10]SSA30599 - Deskbased survey report: Barratt G. 2018. Archaeological desktop evaluation & walkover survey for land at Old Farm, Bucknell, Shropshire. GB Archaeological Survey Services Rep.
Date Last Edited:Jan 28 2019 2:13PM