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HER Number (PRN):01166
Name:Clungunford motte castle 90m north east of St Cuthberts Church
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Conservation Area: Clungunford
Scheduled Monument 1012865: Clungunford motte castle

Monument Types

  • MOTTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1540 AD)

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A good example of a Norman motte castle overlooking the River Clun.

Parish:Clungunford, South Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SO37NE
Grid Reference:SO 3956 7878

Related records

02608Related to: Finds of spearheads etc supposedly from Clungunford Motte (Find Spot)

Associated Finds

  • FSA216 - VESSEL (Undated)
  • FSA23 - MORTAR (VESSEL) (11th century to 15th century - 1066 AD to 1499 AD)

Associated Events

  • ESA1559 - 19th Century Excavation at Clungunford Castle
  • ESA1560 - 1973 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA6670 - 2012 WB at Clungunford Motte by Castlering Archaeology

Description

Mutilated remains of a small motte within a meadow, has a base diameter of about 28m and a present max height of 3.2m, but the mound has been quarried into extensively on the E and S sides. On the E side are traces of what may have been a ditch, 10m wide, 0.3m deep, which connects with stream on the S side. OS FI 1973 <1>

Small mount 13ft high, the summit is hollowed to a depth of 4ft; no trace of a ditch <2a>
Low mound; excavations revealed layers of ash, with pottery, (some pronounced Norman, with glaze) and fragments of a stone mortar <2b>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 43 Motte castles <5>

Scheduling revised in 1995. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the remains of a small motte castle situated on the east bank of the River Clun in close proximity to St Cuthbert's Parish Church. it includes a castle mound, or motte, originally circular in plan with a diameter of approximately 28m rising to an irregular surfaced summit 3.2m high. There are old quarrying scars on the east and south sides of the motte which distort the shape of the mound. Around the east side of the mound are traces of a surrounding ditch up to 10m wide and 0.3m deep, from which material for the construction of the mound would have been quarried. This will continue as a buried feature around the north and west sides of the motte. Immediately south of the motte a small stream runs westwards close to the south side of the mound. The straightness of the stream course suggests that it follows a man-made channel which is of later date than the motte.->

-> The southern portion of the buried ditch, south of the present course of the stream and disturbed both by the stream and by a later sewage drain, is excluded from the scheduling <6>

Excavations in 2012 to renew the drainage on land adjacent to Clungunford Motte identified no archaeological features either within or outside the scheduled area. No finds were recovered other than a section of beam of unknown provenance which was deposited in the original trench cut for the drainage pipe some 20 years previous. <9>

Photographed during aerial survey in 2009-2010. <10><11>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01166 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1973, Ordnance Survey Record Card SO37NE30 (Card index). SSA4632.


<02bii> Rocke T O, 1863, Article in the Journal of the British Archaeological Association (Article in serial). SSA4630.


<02bi> Rocke T O, 1874, Clungunford Tumulus (Article in serial). SSA4631.


<02a> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p385 with plan (Volume). SSA178.


<02b> Renn D R/D F?, 1968, Norman Castles of Britain, p148 (Monograph). SSA244.


<02> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1987-Aug-06, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 32992 (06/08/1987) (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4635.


<03> Hartshorne C H, 1841, Salopia Antiqua, p102-106 (Monograph). SSA500.


<04> Department of the Environment (DoE), 1976, Map of Scheduled area, 1976 (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4633.


<05> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<06> English Heritage, 1995, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 01/11/1995) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4634.


<07> Musson Chris R, 2000-Mar-05, CPAT 00/MB/2004 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA21429.


<08> Musson Chris R, 2000-Mar-05, CPAT 00/MB/2005 to 2007 (3 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA21430.


<09> Frost Pat, 2012, Clungunford Motte drainage renewal, Clungunford, Shropshire (Watching brief report). SSA23990.


<10> Shropshire Council, 2009-Mar-20, SA0906_80 to SA0906_84 (5 photos) Flight: 09_SA_06 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA26095.


<11> Shropshire Council, 2010-Mar-7, SA1004_225 (1 photo) Flight: 10_SA_04 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA26643.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01166.
[01]SSA4632 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO37NE30 . Ordnance Survey record cards. SO37NE30 .
[02a]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p385 with plan.
[02b]SSA244 - Monograph: Renn D R/D F?. 1968. Norman Castles of Britain. p148.
[02bii]SSA4630 - Article in serial: Rocke T O. 1863. Article in the Journal of the British Archaeological Association. J Brit Archaeol Ass. Ser 1, Vol 19. p317-319.
[02bi]SSA4631 - Article in serial: Rocke T O. 1874. Clungunford Tumulus. Archaeologia Cambrensis. Ser 4, Vol 5 (Vol 29). p123-127.
[02]SSA4635 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1987-Aug-06. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 32992 (06/08/1987).
[03]SSA500 - Monograph: Hartshorne C H. 1841. Salopia Antiqua. p102-106.
[04]SSA4633 - Scheduled Monument notification: Department of the Environment (DoE). 1976. Map of Scheduled area, 1976.
[05]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[06]SSA4634 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1995. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 01/11/1995). 19199.
[07]SSA21429 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 2000-Mar-05. CPAT 00/MB/2004. Black and White. Medium.
[08]SSA21430 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 2000-Mar-05. CPAT 00/MB/2005 to 2007 (3 photos). Black and white. Medium.
[09]SSA23990 - Watching brief report: Frost Pat. 2012. Clungunford Motte drainage renewal, Clungunford, Shropshire. Castlering Archaeol Rep.
[10]SSA26095 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2009-Mar-20. SA0906_80 to SA0906_84 (5 photos) Flight: 09_SA_06. Colour. Digital.
[11]SSA26643 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2010-Mar-7. SA1004_225 (1 photo) Flight: 10_SA_04. Colour. Digital.
Date Last Edited:Jul 12 2017 3:40PM