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HER Number (PRN):01188
Name:The Moat motte and bailey castle
Type of Record:Monument
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1019011: Motte and bailey castle

Monument Types

Summary

Scheduled Monument: A well-preserved example of a Norman motte and bailey (earthwork castle), controlling part of the Teme Valley.

Parish:Bettws-Y-Crwyn, South Shropshire, Shropshire
Map Sheet:SO18SE
Grid Reference:SO 1883 8052

Related records

28512Parent of: Outer Bailey to The Moat (Monument)

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events

  • ESA1623 - 1953 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1624 - 1978 topographic survey by Shropshire County Council
  • ESA1625 - 1978 field observation by the Ordnance Survey
  • ESA1626 - 1984 field observation by English Heritage
  • ESA1627 - 1986 field observation by English Heritage

Description

A motte and bailey known as The Moat. The motte is 24ft high with an 8ft deep ditch. The bailey consists of a 6ft high rampart with a 4ft deep ditch <4a>

Well preserved motte and bailey castle set on terrace on N side of Teme valley, with a steep drop on its NE side. Bailey lies to SE of steep sided, flat topped motte 7m high and 12m across the top, 32m diameter at base. Bailey slopes gently NE/SW and NW/SE, with quarry hollow behind bailey bank, which stands c 1m above interior on all sides except NE, dropping to 3m to outside ditch. Original entrance at junction of bailey bank and ditch and motte ditch on the W side, on the N side of gap is one course of masonry, perhaps the jamb of a gateway. Clinometer survey across the motte and bailey. I Burrow FI 1978 <5><6>

Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, medium, of 46 Motte and Bailey castles <9>

Scheduling revised in 2000. Scheduling description: ->

-> The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a motte and bailey castle, situated on the northern side of the valley of the River Teme. It is at the end of a spur of land defined on its north eastern flank by a steep slope created by a stream which flows into the Teme. From this location there are commanding views of the Teme valley and the surrounding uplands. The flat- topped, steep-sided circular motte stands about 7m high and measures approximately 32m across at its base and 12m across the top. It is encircled by a ditch. The bailey, which measures approximately 24m by 28m internally, is defined on its northern side by the steep slope formed by the stream. It is bounded on its southern and eastern sides by a bank and an outer ditch, with a counters carp bank to the east. A 3m wide causeway into the bailey is situated at the south western corner of the enclosure, between the motte ditch and the bailey defences. ->

-> All fences are excluded from the scheduling, together with the telegraph pole, although the ground beneath them is included <10>

Record of management issues and reccommendation made in c.1996. <11>

Photographed during aerial survey in 2010. <12>


<00> Shropshire County Council SMR, Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards, SMR Card for PRN SA 01188 (Card index). SSA20722.


<01a> Hogg A H A & King D J C, 1963, Early Castles in Wales and the Marches, p95 (Article in serial). SSA1163.


<01> Ordnance Survey, 1978, Ordnance Survey Record Card SO18SE16 (Card index). SSA4796.


<02> Musson Chris R, 1988-Jun-13, CPAT 88/17/0010 to 0012 (3 photos) (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA17183.


<03> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1986, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 26375 (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4799.


<04a> Victoria County History, 1908, Victoria County History 1, p391 with plan (Volume). SSA178.


<04> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC), 1986-Jun-04, Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 30651 (04/06/1986) (Field Monument Warden Report). SSA4800.


<05> Burrow Ian, 1978, Site Visit Form (Field recording form). SSA4801.


<06> Burrow Ian, 1978, Clinometer Profile (Measured survey drawing). SSA4797.


<07> Bird A J, 1977, History on the Ground (Monograph). SSA475.


<08> English Heritage, Map of Scheduled area (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA4798.


<09> Horton Wendy B, 1990/ 1991, MPP Evaluation File (TEXT). SSA20084.


<10> English Heritage, 2000, Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 14/03/2000) (Scheduled Monument notification). SSA21306.


<11> Leigh Judith, 1996, The Clun environmentally sensitive area: management plans for Scheduled Ancient Monuments (Management report). SSA23415.


<12> Shropshire Council, 2010-Mar-7, SA1004_267 to SA1004_270 (4 photos) Flight: 10_SA_04 (Oblique aerial photograph). SSA26605.

Sources

[00]SSA20722 - Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01188.
[01a]SSA1163 - Article in serial: Hogg A H A & King D J C. 1963. Early Castles in Wales and the Marches. Archaeologia Cambrensis. Vol 112. p77-124. p95.
[01]SSA4796 - Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1978. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO18SE16 . Ordnance Survey record cards. SO18SE16 .
[02]SSA17183 - Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1988-Jun-13. CPAT 88/17/0010 to 0012 (3 photos).
[03]SSA4799 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1986. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 26375.
[04a]SSA178 - Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p391 with plan.
[04]SSA4800 - Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1986-Jun-04. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 30651 (04/06/1986).
[05]SSA4801 - Field recording form: Burrow Ian. 1978. Site Visit Form. SMR site visit form.
[06]SSA4797 - Measured survey drawing: Burrow Ian. 1978. Clinometer Profile.
[07]SSA475 - Monograph: Bird A J. 1977. History on the Ground.
[08]SSA4798 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. Map of Scheduled area.
[09]SSA20084 - TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File.
[10]SSA21306 - Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 2000. Scheduling Papers (Revised Scheduling, 14/03/2000). 32325.
[11]SSA23415 - Management report: Leigh Judith. 1996. The Clun environmentally sensitive area: management plans for Scheduled Ancient Monuments. English Heritage.
[12]SSA26605 - Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2010-Mar-7. SA1004_267 to SA1004_270 (4 photos) Flight: 10_SA_04. Colour. Digital.
Date Last Edited:Jun 30 2016 1:33PM