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The Historic Environment Record is the primary index about the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire. Not all records are published on the Heritage Gateway. Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data.

This site is designated as being of national importance and is afforded additional protection. Consult the West Berkshire archaeology service if more information or advice is needed.

HER Number MWB1541
Record Type Monument
Name HAMSTEAD MARSHALL PARK - Medieval Village core

Grid Reference SU 421 668
Map Sheet SU46NW
Parish Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


Scheduled Monument 19010, including two mottes, fishponds, a deserted settlement and manor

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Conservation Area: Marsh Benham

Other Statuses and Cross-References

  • Berkshire SMR No. (pre 2000): 01040.00.000
  • National Monuments Record No.: SU 46 NW 11
    SU 4221 6685 to SU 4213 6682 - Medieval bailey, two mottes, moat and fish pond seen as earthworks in Hamstead Marshall Park
  • Old Scheduled Ancient Monument (Berkshire): BK 11
    Previous scheduling - only covered two mottes south of road

Monument Type(s):

Full Description

The scheduled monument consists of two areas, and includes two motte and bailey castles, fishponds, the remains of the deserted medieval village of Hamstead Marshall and a possible manor site <1>. The mottes were not recognised as such until the first half of the twentieth century <2> and <3>, having formerly been classified as tumuli <4>. Survey work by the RCHME led to an enlargement of the scheduled area and a reinterpretation of the earthworks <12> <13>.

Other survey work of the earthworks was undertaken by the Ordnance Survey in the 1960s <16><17> and the Berkshire National Mapping Programme in the 1990s <19>.

For more detail on the site, see also separate records for each of the elements.

Sources and further reading

---Fry, R and Stastney, P. 2016. Geophysical Survey Report - ERT Survey - Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire. 2017 WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB149241]
---Stastney, P and Jamieson, E. 2016. Extending Histories: from Medieval Mottes to Prehistoric Round Mounds. Hamstead Marshall Castle 3, West Berkshire. Interim Report. 2017 WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB149242]
<01>Historic England (previously English Heritage). Schedule of Monuments. 19010. [Unpublished document / SWB12738]
<02>Newbury District Field Club. 1932. TRANS NEWBURY DISTRICT FIELD CLUB 1932 VOL 6 NO 3. p114-126 Three unrecognised castle mounds at Hamstead Marshall by J N L Myres. [Article in serial / SWB6934]
<03>Berkshire Archaeological Society. 1936. Berkshire Archaeological Journal 1936 40. 40. In ADS Journals. 10.5284/1000017. P56 in An Analysis and List of Berkshire Barrows Part I Addenda by LV Grinsell. [Article in serial / SWB10457]
http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/berks_bas_2007/journal.cfm?volume=40 (Accessed 26/04/2016)
<04>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. p178-182. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<06>Colvin, H. History of the King's Works. P955. [Monograph / SWB12804]
<07>Ministry of Works. 1961. ANC MONS ENG AND WALES 1961. P20. [Monograph / SWB12183]
<08>Andrews Downman, Rev Edward. 1901. Ancient Earthworks surveyed and drawn by Rev Edward Andrews Downman. [Unpublished document / SWB12877]
<09>Hampstead Marshall (sic), co. Berks - views 18th century. [Unpublished document / SWB13620]
<10>Crouch, David. 1990. William Marshall, Court, Career and Chivalry in the Angevin Empire 1147-1219. [Monograph / SWB13621]
<11>LHB/DC. 1987. Barn extension at Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire. SAM No 19010. Ref CT9AAX. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB13619]
<12>Bowden, Mark, Mackay, D & Topping, P. 1989. Earthwork castles and settlement at Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. pp173-182. [Article in monograph / SWB12812]
<13>RCHME. 1989. A Descriptive Account of Earthworks in the Garden and Neighbourhood of North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall parish, Berkshire. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB13946]
<14>Brown, S. 2001. Living in the Landscape: Settlement in the Kennet Valley at Hamstead Marshall. [Unpublished document / SWB14319]
<15>Linford, N T. 1997. Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire - Report on Geophysical Surveys, 1996. 2018 pdf online. [Unpublished document / SWB13940]
http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/reports/hamstead_marshall/ (Report on line)
<16>Ordnance Survey. 1960s-70s. Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments. F1 GHP 16-OCT-63. [Personal observation / SWB14640]
<17>Ordnance Survey. c. 1960. Ordnance Survey Epoch 5. 1:2500, 1969. [Map / SWB14665]
<18>Cathcart King, D J. 1983. Castellarium Anglicanum: an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Vol 1, p11. [Monograph / SWB147232]
<19>RCHME. Berkshire - National Mapping Programme. Carolyn Dyer/27-NOV-1996/RCHME: Berkshire. [Unpublished document / SWB146801]
<20>Wessex Archaeology. 2011. North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, West Berkshire - Archaeological Watching Brief Report. Report Ref 79450.02. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB148306]

Related Monuments

MWB6334Features in grounds of North Lodge (Monument)
MWB3339Hamstead Marshall deserted medieval settlement (Monument)
MWB1544Possible fishponds at Hamstead Marshall deserted settlement (Monument)
MWB3332HAMSTEAD PARK - General record (Landscape)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB1112New drainage trenches, North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, West Berkshire - An Archaeological Watching Brief (Ref: HMN 09/117)
EWB1220North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, West Berkshire - Archaeological Watching Brief (Ref: Report Ref 79450.02)
EWB420Watching brief at Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire. SAM No 19010 (Ref: 93/9)
EWB421Barn extension at Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire. SAM No 19010
EWB422Survey of earthworks at Hamstead Marshall
EWB584Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire - Report on Geophysical Surveys, 1996 (Ref: Ancs Mons Lab Report 2/97)
EWB885Berkshire - National Mapping Programme (Ref: 1064614)
EWB1415Berkshire County Council/Babtie general monitoring
EWB1549Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Electrical Resistivity Tomography Survey (Ref: theunive1-253446)
EWB1550Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Coring and Earthwork Survey (Ref: theunive1-253786)
EWB1678Park Lodge, Hamstead Marshall - Heritage Impact Assessment
EWB1679Park Lodge, Park Lane, Hamstead Marshall - Archaeological Evaluation