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The Historic Environment Record is the primary index about the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire. Not all records are published on the Heritage Gateway. Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data.

This site is designated as being of national importance and is afforded additional protection. Consult the West Berkshire archaeology service if more information or advice is needed.

HER Number MWB15773
Record Type Landscape
Name Hamstead Park (Park)

Grid Reference SU 426 662
Map Sheet SU46NW
Parish Enborne, West Berkshire
Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


Grade II Registered Park enclosing three mottes, a deer park, the remains of a 17th century estate and a former hunting lodge surrounded by 19th century gardens

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Registered Park or Garden (II) 1000525: Hamstead Marshall Park
  • Conservation Area: Marsh Benham
  • SHINE: Unscheduled stretch of probable medieval deer park bank and ditch, Hamstead Park

Monument Type(s):

  • PARK (13th century to Early 21st century - 1229 AD? to 2050 AD)

Full Description

This Registered Park was created in 1987, originally around the site of the 17th century walled gardens, but since then has been expanded to include two other historic elements: the medieval deer park (later landscaped with avenues) and the 18th-19th century building of Hamstead Lodge with its surrounding 19th century gardens. More detail of each element is included under the separate monument records. A fuller description of the registered area was written in 1998 <1> and the extent of the area was again revised in 2003.

The GIS polygon shows the largest area covered before the most recent revision. A different area could be created using Historic Landscape Characterisation polygons.

A heritage statement was prepared in relation to a planning application to extend the East Gate cottage which lies within the park <2>. East Gate Cottage lies in the northwest edge of Hamstead Marshall Park, a Grade II Registered Park, and is also close to several Listed Buildings including the parish church and several Grade II* gate piers as well as Scheduled Monuments within the park.

Sources and further reading

---Robertson, A S. 1792. Topographical Survey of the Great West Road from London to Bath Vol I. I p154. [Unpublished document / SWB13306]
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UwkQAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0v=onepage&q&f=false (Accessed 25/09/2015)
---Fry, R and Stastney, P. 2016. Geophysical Survey Report - ERT Survey - Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire. 2017 WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB149241]
---Stastney, P and Jamieson, E. 2016. Extending Histories: from Medieval Mottes to Prehistoric Round Mounds. Hamstead Marshall Castle 3, West Berkshire. Interim Report. 2017 WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB149242]
<01>Historic England (previously English Heritage). 1987. Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England. Hamstead Marshall Park. [Unpublished document / SWB12616]
<02>Heritage Collective LLP. 2012. East Gate Cottage, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire: Heritage Statement. Project Ref 12/0647. 2021 WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB148472]
<03>Forum Heritage Services. 2011. East Gate Cottage, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Historic Building & Landscape Assessment & Heritage Impact Assessment. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB148309]
<04>Babtie. 1995. Hamstead Park Historic Tree Survey and Management Plan. [Unpublished document / SWB146846]
<05>1913. Country Life 29 Mar 1913. 33. p454-62. [Article in serial / SWB14677]
<06>Lambert, D. 1996. Hamstead Marshall Landscape Report. [Unpublished document / SWB146725]
<07>1775. A Map of the Manor of Hamstead Marshall, Holt, etc. [Map / SWB146724]
<08>Kyp (or Kyp), J. c1709. Engraving of Hamstead Marshall, seat of Lord Craven. [Graphic material / SWB146721]
<09>English Nature. 2003-2005. County Surveys of parkland and wood pasture - Thames & Chilterns: Parkland & Wood Pastures with Veteran Trees. BK16 - Grade 1. [Unpublished document / SWB14546]
<10>Stokes, P. 1996. Craven Country - The story of Hamstead Marshall. [Monograph / SWB14044]
<10>Stokes, P. 2000?. Hamstead Marshall - Gazetteer. http://www.hamsteadmarshall.net/index.htm. [Website / SWB148950]
http://www.hamsteadmarshall.net/gazetteer.pdf (Accessed 23/01/2019)
<11>Bowden, Mark, Mackay, D & Topping, P. 1989. Earthwork castles and settlement at Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. [Article in monograph / SWB12812]
<12>Keevill, Graham D, and Linford, Neil. 1998?. Landscape with Gardens: Aerial, Topographical and Geophysical Survey at Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. [Article in monograph / SWB12805]
<13>Money, W. 1905 & 1972. A Popular History of Newbury (also Walter Money's History of Newbury). p186-7. [Monograph / SWB11278]
<14>Betjeman, J and Piper, J (eds). 1949. Murray's Berkshire Architectural Guide. p127. [Monograph / SWB10404]

Related Monuments

MWB16525Gardens of Hamstead Lodge (now Hamstead Park), Hamstead Marshall (Monument)
MWB6291Hamstead Marshall Gardens (Monument)
MWB6246Hamstead Mill (Building)
MWB21763North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall (Building)
MWB20887Site of Home Farm, Hamstead Marshall (Monument)
MWB19768The Dower House, Hamstead Marshall (Building)
MWB3332HAMSTEAD PARK - General record (Landscape)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB1191East Gate Cottage, Craven Hill, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - An Archaeological Desk-based Assessment (Ref: Site Code EGC11/42)
EWB1220North Lodge, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, West Berkshire - Archaeological Watching Brief (Ref: Report Ref 79450.02)
EWB1223East Gate Cottage, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Historic Building & Landscape Assessment & Heritage Impact Assessment
EWB584Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire - Report on Geophysical Surveys, 1996 (Ref: Ancs Mons Lab Report 2/97)
EWB912Hamstead Park Historic Tree Survey and Management Plan
EWB1295East Gate Cottage, Hamstead Marshall, Newbury, Berkshire: Heritage Statement (Ref: Project Ref: 12/0647)
EWB1549Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Electrical Resistivity Tomography Survey (Ref: theunive1-253446)
EWB1550Castle Motte 3, Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire - Coring and Earthwork Survey (Ref: theunive1-253786)
EWB1677Hamstead Park Revised Parkland Plan
EWB1678Park Lodge, Hamstead Marshall - Heritage Impact Assessment
EWB1679Park Lodge, Park Lane, Hamstead Marshall - Archaeological Evaluation