HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > West Berkshire HER Result
West Berkshire HERPrintable version | About West Berkshire HER | Visit West Berkshire HER online...

West Berkshire HER logo

The West Berkshire Historic Environment Record (HER) is the primary index of the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire Council. Limited elements of the West Berkshire HER are available online via the Heritage Gateway, therefore it is not suitable for use in desk-based studies associated with development, planning and land-use changes, and does not meet the requirements of paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework (2021: 56). Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data. For these purposes and all other commercial enquiries, please contact the Archaeology team and complete our online HER enquiry form.

This site is designated as being of national importance and is afforded additional protection. Consult West Berkshire Council's Archaeology team if more information or advice is needed.

HER Number MWB16449
Record Type Building
Name St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Newbury

Grid Reference SU 475 676
Map Sheet SU46NE
Parish Newbury, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


Grade II listed early 20th century large brick church with campanile, built next to a Victorian smaller church

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Listed Building (II) 1482846: Church of St Joseph, Newbury

Monument Type(s):

Full Description

The large Roman Catholic church on London Road was identified during a 2006 historic character study <1><2> as being significant to Newbury but unlisted, and is a local landmark next to the intersection of several roads. Murray's Guide <3> describes the brick church as Neo-Romanesque, with a separate campanile; a statue of Jesus also stands on the roof of the main building. Pevsner <4> calls it, 'inappropriately Early Christian or Byzantine or Italian Romanesque' in style. It was built between 1923-8 by W C Mangan, adjacent to its predecessor, a small red brick church of 1864, which is still extant in the early 21st century.

The First Edition Ordnance Survey Town Plan, 1:500 scale <5> depicts the earlier St Joseph Roman Catholic place of worship and notes it had seats for 160; the Sacristy and Presbytery are also marked. This old church was built adjoining a Georgian villa, presumably the building used from the start for the priest's accommodation. There was a large area of open space or garden to the west of the chapel, and this was used for the 1920s building, first shown on the 4th Epoch of 1933-4 <10>. From this time onwards, the old church is named as a hall, but it still forms part of the Catholic church complex. According to the Berkshire religious census, the first St Joseph's church was licensed in 1830 <7> but it is not clear where this was located. The Victoria County History <8> noted 'there was a mission in the town' before 1864. Davis's 1849 map of Newbury <12> numbers 41 points of interest including churches and chapels of various denominations, but does not include St Joseph's.

A photograph in West Berkshire Museum shows a gathering of clergy and choristers at the laying of the foundation stone of the new church; a note on the reverse says that the church began in 1926 and was built with bricks from Shaw Kiln <10>. Other sources considered the bricks came from the Pinewood Estate Brick and Tile Company in Hermitage. There are also several exterior and interior shots of both churches in the early and late 20th century in the museum collections <11>.

This church was studied under the Taking Stock project <13>, an architectural and historical review of Catholic churches and chapels in England and Wales. Following assessment by Historic England in 2023 <14>, the Church of St Joseph was listed at Grade II for its architectural and historic interest <15>. It is a good example of the work of Wildred Mangan, and is considered a restrained and elegant composition in a Byzantine and Romanesque style, retaining the majority of its good quality interior <14>.

Sources and further reading

<01>Oxford Archaeology. 2006. Newbury Historic Character Study - Assessment Report. OA Job No 2563. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB14654]
http://info.westberks.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=30418 (Accessed 25/09/2015)
<02>Oxford Archaeology. 2006. Newbury Historic Character Study - Database and shape files. [Digital archive / SWB14655]
<03>Betjeman, J and Piper, J (eds). 1949. Murray's Berkshire Architectural Guide. p136. [Monograph / SWB10404]
<04>Pevsner, N. 1966. The Buildings of England (Berkshire). p181. [Monograph / SWB10024]
<05>Landmark. 1880-81. Digital OS Mapping Epoch 1, 1:500 - Newbury Town Plan. Digital. 1:500. Marked 'St. Joseph's R.C. Chapel'. [Map / SWB146990]
<06>Tyack, G, Bradley, S and Pevsner, N. 2010. The Buildings of England (Berkshire). p394-5. [Monograph / SWB147855]
<07>Tiller, K (ed). 2010. Berkshire Religious Census 1851. p79, No 340. [Monograph / SWB148619]
<08>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. p150. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<09>Ordnance Survey. c. 1930. Ordnance Survey Epoch 4. 1:2500, 1933-4. [Map / SWB14664]
<10>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). 2022 WBC Network. NEBYM:1979.72.260. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]
<11>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). 2022 WBC Network. NEBYM:2000.20.212-3; NEBYM:2000.26.2; NEBYM:2015.6.275; NEBYM:2015.6.616-7. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]
<12>Davis, Cornelius. 1849. Davis' Ten Miles round Newbury, 1849. Not recorded. [Map / SWB13949]
<13>The Architectural History Practice. Taking Stock - Catholic Churches of England and Wales. Newbury - St Joseph. [Website / SWB150093]
https://taking-stock.org.uk (Accessed 04/11/2021)
<14>Historic England (previously English Heritage). 2023. Designation Decision Reports - Church of St Joseph, London Road, Newbury. 1478638. online. [Unpublished document / SWB150415]
https://services.historicengland.org.uk/webfiles/GetFiles.aspx?av=BBE295C8-0A89-48CE-A430-7D5AA670FB7F&cn=7AF3CBE6-4F7B-4EE7-8C72-E19656E57F47 (Accessed 01/02/2023)
<15>Historic England (previously English Heritage). 2011-present. The National Heritage List for England (NHLE). 01/08/2012. 1482846. [Website / SWB12648]
http://www.historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/ (Accessed 06/02/2019)

Related Monuments

MWB15880Site of Pinewood Estate Brick and Tile Company (Monument)
MWB15908Site of Shaw Kilns and Clayhill Brick Works (Monument)
MWB16698St Joseph's Roman Catholic Presbytery, Newbury (Building)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB870Newbury Historic Character Study (NHCS) (Ref: NEWHESCO)