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The Historic Environment Record is the primary index about the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire. Not all records are published on the Heritage Gateway. Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data.



HER Number MWB21239
Record Type Building
Name Remains of east forecourt wall, Shaw House

Grid Reference SU 475 682
Map Sheet SU46NE
Parish Shaw-cum-Donnington, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Summary

Short section of unlisted brick wall of late 16th century date, originally part of the boundary of the forecourt of the great house and with structural elements suggesting the former presence of a gazebo or pavilion at the end of the terrace walk

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Conservation Area: Shaw House and St Mary's Church, Shaw

Monument Type(s):

Full Description

A short section of late 16th century brick wall remains in the south east corner of the forecourt of Shaw House, abutting the end of the raised chalk terrace and perpendicular to the wall and gateway erected in 1908 across the entrance. Historical maps <1> suggest that the mansion was laid out with a large walled forecourt when it was constructed in 1581. The 1729 Map of Speen Manor <3> shows walls enclosing the entire garden.

A survey of the garden's standing structures in 2003 <4><5><6> describes the wall as standing to a height of 3m and built in English bond though the upper courses have been rebuilt. On its east side a course of bricks set an angle suggest that there were steps leading down from the terrace. At the south-east corner there is more substantial brickwork at the level of the top of the terrace, possibly part of a brick pier or even larger structure or building. The report noted that this would be an appropriate place for a gazebo at the end of the promenade along the raised terrace <4>. Another feature in Elizabethan gardens of note would have been a pavilion or banqueting house, and it was recommended that this surviving brickwork should be subject to further research <7>.

Sources and further reading

<01>Heward, J and Latham, S. 2003. Shaw House, Newbury, Berkshire - Map Regression Exercise. [Unpublished document / SWB14271]
<02>Landmark. 1899-1900. Digital Ordnance Survey Mapping Epoch 2, 1:2500. Digital. 1:2500. Marked. [Map / SWB14455]
<03>Commissioned by the Duke of Chandos. 1729/30. Map of Speen Manor. Marked. [Map / SWB12939]
<04>Latham, S. 2003. Shaw House, Newbury, Berkshire - The Gardens: Historical Analysis and Survey Report. p10, 39, 67. [Unpublished document / SWB14268]
<05>Latham, S. 2003. Shaw House, Newbury, Berkshire - The Gardens: Historical Analysis and Survey Report. Illustrations. Illusts 8-10. [Unpublished document / SWB14269]
<06>Latham, S and Yarham, V. 2003. Shaw House, Newbury, Berkshire - Reassessment of Historical Sources. p59. [Unpublished document / SWB14266]
<07>Heward, J and Yarham, V. 2003. Shaw House, Newbury, Berkshire - Analysis and proposals for further work. p46. [Unpublished document / SWB14272]

Related Monuments

MWB15774Shaw House (Park) (Landscape)
MWB18544GATES, OVERTHROW AND GATEPIERS APPROXIMATELY 80 METRES TO SOUTH OF SHAW HOUSE (Monument)
MWB5024Shaw House - Chalk Terrace (Monument)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB740An Archaeological Investigation of Shaw House & Gardens, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Berkshire 2003