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The Historic Environment Record is the primary index about the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire. Not all records are published on the Heritage Gateway. Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data.

HER Number MWB3332
Record Type Landscape
Name HAMSTEAD PARK - General record

Grid Reference SU 425 664
Map Sheet SU46NW
Parish Hamstead Marshall, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


Large area of Hamstead Marshall containing many monuments; name used to describe general area and not just Registered Park

Other Statuses and Cross-References

  • Berkshire SMR No. (pre 2000): 01342.00.000

Monument Type(s):

  • SITE (Medieval to Late 19th century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Full Description

The names Hamstead Park and Hamstead Marshall have been used interchangeably by some writers; the village of Hamstead Marshall currently lies to the south of the area of parkland, but was originally close to the church. A deer park has existed here since the 13th century, although the existing park pale earthworks enclose an area smaller than that named as Hamstead Park on 20th century maps. The manor houses or mansions built within this designed landscape have also sometimes been referred to as 'Hamstead Park'. The 17th century mansion in the north-western corner which was destroyed by fire in 1718 was superseded by a country house in the centre of the estate; this latter building was built around an earlier hunting lodge, and was named Hamstead Lodge until the late 20th century, when it changed its name to Hamstead Park.

English Heritage's Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England includes an area described as 'Hamstead Marshall Park'; this extends to the east of the designed landscape to include areas of woodland, but does not cover all of the area formerly within the deer park pale.

<1> VCH of 1924 describes the lodge, former mansion site, walled garden and park, but misinterprets the castle mounds as tumuli and does not recognise the deer park pale.

West Berkshire Museum has a series of photographs showing views of the park <14>.

Sources and further reading

<01>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. P179 ILLUST P181-3. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<02>Keevill, Graham D, and Linford, Neil. 1998?. Landscape with Gardens: Aerial, Topographical and Geophysical Survey at Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. [Article in monograph / SWB12805]
<03>Bowden, Mark, Mackay, D & Topping, P. 1989. Earthwork castles and settlement at Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire. [Article in monograph / SWB12812]
<04>Aubrey, J. late 1600's. Monumenta Britannica Part 3. [Article in serial / SWB13092]
<05>Hampstead Marshall (sic), co. Berks - views 18th century. [Unpublished document / SWB13620]
<06>15/10/1982. CUCCPS10-13. [Photograph / SWB3719]
<07>15/10/1982. CUCCPS09. [Photograph / SWB3720]
<08>18/09/1978. CUCRC8CW4-6. [Photograph / SWB3721]
<09>29/07/1983. CUCRC8KY213-4. [Photograph / SWB3722]
<10>08/03/1969. BCC 15/6.188-90. [Photograph / SWB3723]
<11>Kyp (or Kyp), J. c1709. Engraving of Hamstead Marshall, seat of Lord Craven. [Graphic material / SWB146721]
<12>1775. A Map of the Manor of Hamstead Marshall, Holt, etc. [Map / SWB146724]
<13>Ordnance Survey. 1817. Ordnance Survey Drawing of Hungerford; BL OSD 78,7. Two inch to the mile. Marked 'Hampstead Park'. [Map / SWB147234]
http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/ordsurvdraw/h/002osd000000007u00054000.html ()
<14>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). NEBYM:2015.6.1003-8. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]

Related Monuments

MWB3749Hamstead Marshall Kilns - General area (Monument)
MWB1541HAMSTEAD MARSHALL PARK - Medieval Village core (Monument)
MWB15773Hamstead Park (Park) (Landscape)
MWB1549Motte in Hamstead Marshall Park, 340m northeast of the Dower House (Monument)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB170East Gate Cottage, Hamstead Marshall