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The West Berkshire Historic Environment Record (HER) is the primary index of the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire Council. Limited elements of the West Berkshire HER are available online via the Heritage Gateway, therefore it is not suitable for use in desk-based studies associated with development, planning and land-use changes, and does not meet the requirements of paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework (2021: 56). Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data. For these purposes and all other commercial enquiries, please contact the Archaeology team and complete our online HER enquiry form.

This site is designated as being of national importance and is afforded additional protection. Consult West Berkshire Council's Archaeology team if more information or advice is needed.

HER Number MWB3471
Record Type Building
Name St Bartholomew's Hospital Almshouses, Argyle Road, Newbury

Grid Reference SU 469 665
Map Sheet SU46NE
Parish Newbury, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


A group of Grade II* listed almshouses, built in two stages in the 17th century

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Listed Building (II*) 1219550: ST BARTHOLOMEW'S HOSPITAL
  • Conservation Area: Newbury Town Centre

Other Statuses and Cross-References

  • Berkshire SMR No. (pre 2000): 01391.04.100
  • Old Listed Building Ref (pre 1984) (II*): 1/167 St. Bartholomew's Hospital
    Present building of 14 almshouses is said to date from 1618 and to have been recently restored. (Berks.Arch.Journ.39 (1935), 38). One storey brick range with moulded brick cornice, facing west with wings extending to west at each end. Casement windows. Hipped brown tile roof.. The segmental brick archway in the centre of middle range has a cherub head on a stone keystone with stone caps to brick jambs; above it is an achievement of the Royal Arms, 1714-1800. On the back of the central "cupola" is a panel "Hospital of St. Bartholomew/ Founded by King John 1200-1215/ This Tower erected 1698"/. The brick gate piers on west with steps up betweenthem, in an enclosing wall, have stone urns on them. Further at the back on the elevation facing the Newtown Road is a modern medallion containing a representation of the hospital seal (a cross formerly doubled-crossed) but here twisted in error through a right angle. (Trans.Newbury Field Club V. 228)

Monument Type(s):

  • ALMSHOUSE (Jacobean to 17th century - 1618 AD to 1700 AD)

Full Description

Listing description: Circa 1698 reconstruction of circa 1618 almshouses. The medieval hospital of St Bartholomew was reputedly founded by King John (Berks. Arch. J. 39/1935/38). Restored mid C20. Wing plan with central entrance feature in main range. Two storeys. Hipped tile roof with moulded brick ridgestacks. Central stack over entrance with 4 shafts with arched openings. Brick with moulded eaves cornice. Two-light mullioned windows with leaded lights and transoms to ground floor windows. Semi-elliptical arched entrance with imposts and cherub head on keystone. Clock tower feature over entrance with open pediment with Achievement of Royal Arms quartered (circa 1714-1800) and inscription: "Hospital of St Bartholomew/ Founded by King John 1200-15/This Tower erected 1698." Square-headed doorways to individual almshouses with fanlights ½ and glazed doors. (Trans Newbury Field Club 5.228).

A photograph in West Berkshire Museum shows the rear of the building, described as "King John's Almshouse"; another shows the clock and heraldic carving <19>.

Sources and further reading

<00>Department of the Environment. 1974-2000?. DOE List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. [Unpublished document / SWB10006]
<00>1950-83. Buildings included in the statutory list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest, pre Review. WBC Network. 1/167. [Unpublished document / SWB10875]
<01>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. P133. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<02>Berkshire Archaeological Society. 1935. Berkshire Archaeological Journal 1935 39. 39. In ADS Journals. 10.5284/1000017. P35-7 in St Bartholomew's Hospital, Newbury. [Article in serial / SWB12128]
http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/berks_bas_2007/journal.cfm?volume=39 (Accessed 27/07/2016)
<03>Hadcock, R N. 1949. GUIDE TO BOROUGH OF NEWBURY 1949. P44. [Monograph / SWB7054]
<04>Betjeman, J and Piper, J (eds). 1949. Murray's Berkshire Architectural Guide. P136. [Monograph / SWB10404]
<05>Knowles, D and Hadcock, R N. 1953. Medieval Religious Houses in England and Wales. P292. [Monograph / SWB11245]
<06>Ministry of Works. 1961. ANC MONS ENG AND WALES 1961. P20. [Monograph / SWB12183]
<07>ARH/KT Newbury District Museum. 1993. Almshouses in Newbury. [Unpublished document / SWB13457]
<08>Northcroft, A. 1757. A Plan..of St Bartholomew's Hospital..lying within the Borough and Parish of Newbury in the County of Berkshire. [Map / SWB14083]
<09>Toomer?. c 1800. Plan of The City (Newbury). [Map / SWB14084]
<10>Pevsner, N. 1966. The Buildings of England (Berkshire). p183. [Monograph / SWB10024]
<11>The Borough Museum, Newbury. 1973. Newbury Buildings Past and Present. p12, Illust p25. [Monograph / SWB12937]
<12>Tyack, G, Bradley, S and Pevsner, N. 2010. The Buildings of England (Berkshire). p400. [Monograph / SWB147855]
<13>1860. JBAA 1860 16. XVI. online. p76-100, Visit 12 Sept 1859. [Article in serial / SWB10466]
https://archive.org/details/journalofbritish16brit (Accessed 12/04/2016)
<14>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. p152. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<15>West Berkshire Museum. 2006. Heritage Guide No 8 - The Almshouses of Newbury. No 1. [Unpublished document / SWB148025]
<16>Pace, L. 2008. Almshouses - Provision of Sheltered housing from 13th-21st centuries. [Unpublished document / SWB148622]
<18>Davis, Cornelius. 1849. Davis' Ten Miles round Newbury, 1849. Ref No 2, 'St Bartholomew Almshouses'. [Map / SWB13949]
<19>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). 2022 WBC Network. NEBYM:1979.72.294; 1999.11.32. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]
<20>Howson, B. 1988. Almshouses - A Social & Architectural History. [Monograph / SWB149570]

Related Monuments

MWB3453St Bartholomew's Hospital (Monument)
MWB16149The City, Newbury (Place)
MWB19313Building behind 13-15 St Bartholomew's Hospital Almshouses, Newtown Road, Newbury (Building)
MWB19312Gateway and wall of St Bartholomew's Hospital Almshouses, Argyle Road, Newbury (Monument)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

  • None recorded