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The West Berkshire Historic Environment Record (HER) is the primary index of the physical remains of past human activity in the unitary authority of West Berkshire Council. Limited elements of the West Berkshire HER are available online via the Heritage Gateway, therefore it is not suitable for use in desk-based studies associated with development, planning and land-use changes, and does not meet the requirements of paragraph 194 of the National Planning Policy Framework (2021: 56). Please read the important guidance on the use of the West Berkshire HER data. For these purposes and all other commercial enquiries, please contact the Archaeology team and complete our online HER enquiry form.

HER Number MWB3860
Record Type Monument
Name WAWCOTT 1 (I), Kintbury

Grid Reference SU 389 676
Map Sheet SU36NE
Parish Kintbury, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap


Mesolithic site discovered and excavated in 1960s

Other Statuses and Cross-References

  • Berkshire SMR No. (pre 2000): 01953.00.000
  • National Monuments Record No.: 3891 Index to Microfilmed Archaeological Archives
    SU 389 676
  • National Monuments Record No.: EHNMR-627986 English Heritage NMR Excavation Index for England
    SU 38 67
  • National Monuments Record No.: SU 46 NW 8 Monument Number 233236
    SU 405 675 - record for 6 separate Mesolithic occupation sites

Monument Type(s):

Full Description

Wawcott I was one of about 50 mesolithic sites identified in the Kennet valley area by Froom. Following surface collection of worked flint, Wawcott I was excavated in 1964 and 1966. The excavations produced evidence for a substantial structure, made by piling the spoil of a pit dug into the gravel sub soil around its perimeter.

Radiocarbon dating was carried out on charcoal (or decayed wood) from a hearth stratified within the middle fill of a pit feature interpreted as a hut <5>, giving a date of 5260 ± 130 BP (BM-449; 4340-3800 cal BC). This was a late date for a Mesolithic site <6>, although the feature was in an uncertain relationship with a Mesolithic flint industry. The question of whether there was a Mesolithic-Neolithic culture overlap in the West Berkshire area was further explored (and rejected) by new dating carried out on finds from the Lambourn long barrow <6>, but it was noted that reassessment of the Wawcott I date would not be possible without fresh excavations.

The NMR notes that the archive for this private excavation is in the NMR, West Berkshire Museum and Reading Museum <8>.

Sources and further reading

<01>1967. BERKS FIELD RESEARCH GROUP BULLETIN 1967 5. 5. p4. [Article in serial / SWB9286]
<02>Newbury District Field Club. 1970. TRANS NEWBURY DISTRICT FIELD CLUB 1970 VOL 12 NO 1. pp58-67 The Mesolithic around Hungerford Part VI by F R Froom. [Article in serial / SWB10322]
<03>Berkshire Archaeological Society. 1971-2. Berkshire Archaeological Journal 1971-72 66. 66. In ADS Journals. 10.5284/1000017. p23-44 A Mesolithic Site at Wawcott, Kintbury by F R Froom. [Article in serial / SWB8663]
http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/berks_bas_2007/journal.cfm?volume=66 (Accessed 11/11/2015)
<04>Wymer, J J (ed). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic sites in England and Wales. 20. P8. [Monograph / SWB10038]
http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/adsdata/arch-281-1/dissemination/pdf/cba_rr_020.pdf (Accessed 07/10/2015)
<05>1971. Radiocarbon Vol 13. 13. p173 in British Museum radiocarbon measurements VII by H Barker, R Burleigh and J Meekes. [Article in serial / SWB148178]
<06>2000. Oxford Journal of Archaeology. Volume 19 (1). p25-35 New AMS Dates from the Lambourn Long Barrow…Repacking the Neolithic Package by R J Schulting. [Article in serial / SWB148177]
<07>Froom, F R. 2012. The Mesolithic of the Kennet Valley. p264-72. [Monograph / SWB148389]
<08>Historic England (previously English Heritage). 2007-2020. Historic England's research records (formerly Pastscape). www.pastscape.org.uk. 09/09/2009. Monument Number 233236. [Website / SWB147684]

Related Monuments

MWB3868Kennet Valley mesolithic 'landscape' (Landscape)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB603Survey and excavation of Mesolithic sites around Hungerford