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HER Number MWB5022
Record Type Building
Name St Mary's Church, Shaw

Grid Reference SU 474 683
Map Sheet SU46NE
Parish Shaw-cum-Donnington, West Berkshire
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Summary

Grade II listed mid 19th century church, built on site of ancient church adjacent to Shaw Manor, later Shaw House

Associated Legal Designations or Protected Status

  • Listed Building (II) 1291032: PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY
  • Conservation Area: Shaw House and St Mary's Church, Shaw

Other Statuses and Cross-References

  • Berkshire SMR No. (pre 2000): 03466.00.000
  • Church Heritage Record: 9669
  • National Monuments Record No.: SU 46 NE 41
    SU 47492 68309
  • Old Listed Building Ref (pre 1984) (B): ø Map No. 26 4/228 Church of St. Mary
    1840-42 by J. Hansom, Norman style. 1878 chancel by Butterfield in flint, interior painted decoration.

Monument Type(s):

  • CHURCH (11th century to Medieval - 1001 AD? to 1539 AD)
  • PARISH CHURCH (Victorian - 1840 AD to 1840 AD)

Full Description

St Mary's Church at Shaw was completely rebuilt in 1841 on the site of an ancient church <7>. The former church is described as having a round tower at the west end, the lower part of which may have been of 'Saxon' date, although the Domesday survey <19> does not list a church here. The only relic of the old church, besides some 17th and 18th century monuments, is a plain tub-shaped Norman font <11> <20>. However, references are made in antiquarian histories to Roman building material (tiles) in the church <16><17><18>. The old church is depicted schematically on the early 18th century map of Speen <28>. St Mary's is adjacent to Shaw House and lies within the Registered Park <25>.

During the digging of a grave in the churchyard in 1887 several pieces of early medieval vessels were discovered <5>.
Early medieval urn, probably 11th century water cistern, found 1878 on the north side of Shaw churchyard. "overhanging rim + decorated with incised lines" <13>. Thought originally by Peake to be bronze age.

In 1996? 3 groups of disarticulate human bones were found during archaeological field work; they represent at least 3 individuals badly damaged post-mortem, 2 male 1 female, v.poor condition <21><30>. The graves appear to be orientated east/west and have no grave goods, therefore probably Christian burials.

West Berkshire Museum has a photograph showing a lithograph of St Mary's Church made in 1843 <32>.

Sources and further reading

<01>Newbury Weekly News. 1991. Appeal launched to repair ravages of time. [Article in serial / SWB13238]
<02>Gough/ Andrews J P. ?. MS Gough Berks 13. [Article in serial / SWB13299]
<03>1859-1878. Reading Mercury, unknown date. [Article in serial / SWB13273]
<04>Newbury Weekly News. 1911. Shaw Churchyard. [Article in serial / SWB13272]
<05>Newbury Weekly News. 1887. Discovery of Ancient Pottery in Shaw. [Article in serial / SWB13271]
<06>Money, W. 1859-1878. Interesting Discovery in Shaw Church-Yard. [Article in serial / SWB13270]
<07>Morris, W A D. 1969. A History of the Parish of Shaw-cum-Donnington. p88-105. [Monograph / SWB12974]
<08>OS 1961 SIX INCH MAP (PROV) 1961. [Map / SWB11281]
<09>Betjeman, J and Piper, J (eds). 1949. Murray's Berkshire Architectural Guide. P141. [Monograph / SWB10404]
<10>Gray, E W (ed)?. pre 1839. The History and Antiquities of Newbury and its Environs. P177-81. [Monograph / SWB11182]
https://archive.org/details/historyandantiq00unkngoog (Accessed 16/07/2019)
<11>Berkshire Archaeological Society et al. 1922. BERKS, BUCKS AND OXON ARCH J 1922 VOL 27. 27. In ADS Journals. 10.5284/1000017. P115-6 in Notes on the Churches of the Lambourn Valley by Charles E Keyser. [Article in serial / SWB13429]
http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/berks_bas_2007/journal.cfm?volume=27 (Accessed 20/07/2016)
<12>READING MUSEUM INDEX CARD. [Unpublished document / SWB11285]
<13>Peake, H. 1931. The Archaeology of Berkshire. P56,225. [Monograph / SWB10018]
<14>Money, W. 1882-5. WALTER MONEY COLLECTION READING REFERENCE LIBRARY (PAMPHLETS). qBT/DX Acc No 6725. [Unpublished document / SWB11287]
<15>Gidley Robinson, G. 1920. Shaw-cum-Donnington: Local Antiquities. [Unpublished document / SWB13315]
<16>Cooper-King, Lieut Col. 1887. A History of Berkshire. p48. [Monograph / SWB8603]
<17>Ditchfield and Page (eds). 1906. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks I 1906. Vol 1. p213. [Monograph / SWB10017]
<18>Archaeology Branch of Ordnance Survey & Newbury Museum staff. 1938 onwards. Newbury Museum Archaeology Map XXXV SW.. 35SW. 6 inch. Annotated 'Roman material built in church'.. [Map / SWB11280]
<19>Morgan, P (ed). 1979. Domesday Book - Berkshire. DB5. not mentioned. [Monograph / SWB14587]
http://opendomesday.org (Online copy of Domesday Book by Prof Palmer, University of Hull. Accessed 04/01/2016)
<20>CRSBI Courtauld Institute of Art. 2007. The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain and Ireland. http://www.crsbi.ac.uk. [Website / SWB147117]
http://www.crsbi.ac.ukhttp://www.crsbi.ac.uk (Accessed 06/10/2016)
<21>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). NEBYM:1996.19. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]
<22>1838. Shaw and Donnington Tithe Map. [Map / SWB147584]
<23>Allen, J R L. 2007. Late Churches and Chapels in Berkshire - A geological perspective from the late eighteenth century to the First World War. BAR Series 432. p30, 34, 112; Figs 4.4, 4.13; App IV. [Monograph / SWB147258]
<24>Tyack, G, Bradley, S and Pevsner, N. 2010. The Buildings of England (Berkshire). p504-5. [Monograph / SWB147855]
<25>Historic England (previously English Heritage). 1987. Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England. Shaw House. [Unpublished document / SWB12616]
<26>Church Plans On-Line Project Team. 2001-. Church Plans On-line. ICBS 02839 - 2 Plans. [Website / SWB148102]
http://images.lambethpalacelibrary.org.uk (Accessed 26/10/2016)
<27>Page and Ditchfield (eds). 1924. Victoria County History (VCH) Berks IV 1924. Vol 4. p95. [Monograph / SWB10281]
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4 (Accessed 24/09/2015)
<28>Commissioned by the Duke of Chandos. 1729/30. Map of Speen Manor. [Map / SWB12939]
<29>Tiller, K (ed). 2010. Berkshire Religious Census 1851. p74, No 320. [Monograph / SWB148619]
<30>Thames Valley Archaeological Services. 1995. St. Mary's Church, Shaw cum Donnington, Nr Newbury, Berkshire. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB12336]
<31>1950-83. Buildings included in the statutory list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest, pre Review. WBC Network. ø Map No. 26 4/228. [Unpublished document / SWB10875]
<32>Museum Curator. Newbury Museum Accession Records (West Berkshire Museum since 1998). NEBYM:1986.81.4; 2000.26.5; 2004.50.698-9. [Unpublished document / SWB14452]
<33>British Geological Survey. 2017. Strategic Stone Study: BGS Enhanced Listings. WBC Network. [Unpublished document / SWB149695]

Related Monuments

MWB18823GROUP OF 3 CHEST TOMBS APPROXIMATELY 14 METRES TO SOUTH OF NAVE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY (Monument)
MWB18543Lychgate to St Mary's Church, Shaw (Building)
MWB6722St Mary's Church, Shaw - ditch (Monument)
MWB19387TOMB APPROXIMATELY 14 METRES TO SOUTH OF NAVE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY (Monument)
MWB15774Shaw House (Park) (Landscape)
MWB15846SHAW VILLAGE - general location (Place)
MWB12440SHAW CHURCHYARD - possible Roman cemetery (Monument)
MWB16720Shaw Manor - conjectural location (Monument)

Associated Excavations and Fieldwork

EWB113Shaw House (Permanent Buildings) 1999 (Ref: SHS99)
EWB740An Archaeological Investigation of Shaw House & Gardens, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Berkshire 2003
EWB469St Mary's Church, Shaw-cum-Donnington 1995 (Ref: Site code SMCD 95)
EWB1719The Strategic Stone Study