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HER Number:MYO1734
Type of record:Monument
Name:YORK CITY WALLS (Red Tower to Fishergate Postern Tower)

Summary

None recorded

Grid Reference:SE 6069 5125
Map Sheet:SE65SW
Parish:York, City of York, North Yorkshire
Map:Show location on GoogleMaps

Monument Type(s)

  • GATE (Mid C12, Medieval - 1133 AD to 1166 AD)
  • BARBICAN (C14, Medieval - 1300 AD to 1399 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (C14, Medieval - 1300 AD to 1399 AD)
  • GATEHOUSE (Mid C14, Medieval - 1333 AD to 1366 AD)
  • TOWN WALL (Mid C14, Medieval - 1333 AD to 1366 AD)
  • POSTERN (c1440, Medieval - 1420 AD to 1460 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (c1440, Medieval - 1420 AD to 1460 AD)
  • TOWER (c1490, Medieval - 1470 AD to 1510 AD)
  • TOWER (c1505, Medieval - 1485 AD to 1535 AD)
  • DATE STONE (1487, Medieval - 1487 AD to 1487 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (1489, Medieval - 1489 AD to 1489 AD)
  • GATEHOUSE (c1585, Post Medieval to Early C17 - 1565 AD to 1605 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED HOUSE (c1585, Post Medieval to Early C17 - 1565 AD to 1605 AD)
  • POSTERN (C17, Post Medieval to Late C17 - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • TOWER (C17, Post Medieval to Late C17 - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • BARBICAN (1645-1648, Mid C17 - 1645 AD to 1648 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (1645-1648, Mid C17 - 1645 AD to 1648 AD)
  • POSTERN (1838, Mid C19 - 1838 AD to 1838 AD)
  • TOWER (1838, Mid C19 - 1838 AD to 1838 AD)
  • BARBICAN (1840, Mid C19 - 1840 AD to 1840 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (1840, Mid C19 - 1840 AD to 1840 AD)
  • BARBICAN (Later, Mid C19 to Unknown - 1841 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (Later, Mid C19 to Unknown - 1841 AD)
  • TOWER (1857-1858, Mid C19 - 1857 AD to 1858 AD)
  • TOWN WALL (1857-1858, Mid C19 - 1857 AD to 1858 AD)
  • TOWN WALL (1864, Mid C19 - 1864 AD to 1864 AD)
  • TOWN WALL (Later, Mid C19 to Unknown - 1865 AD)
  • TOWER (1958, C20 - 1958 AD to 1958 AD)
  • POSTERN (1960, C20 - 1960 AD to 1960 AD)
  • TOWER (1960, C20 - 1960 AD to 1960 AD)
  • TOWN GATE (1961, C20 - 1961 AD to 1961 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building
  • Scheduled Monument
  • Area of Archaeological Importance
  • Conservation Area

Full description

Includes: Fishergate Postern Tower PICCADILLY. Includes: The Red Tower FOSS ISLANDS ROAD. Includes: Fishergate Bar PARAGON STREET. Includes: Walmgate Bar WALMGATE. Defensive walls, gates, gatehouses and towers between The Red Tower and Fishergate Postern Tower, including 5 intermediate towers in addition to the 3 main towers. Walls mid C14, restored 1857-58, 1864 and later. The Red Tower built c1490, heavily restored and re-roofed 1857-8, restored 1958. Walmgate Bar and barbican C14 incorporating mid C12 gate, house added c1585, repaired 1645-48, restorations 1840 and later. Fishergate Bar incorporating earlier gate c1440, blocked 1489-1827, restored 1961. Fishergate Postern c1440, Tower c1505, re-roofed C17, restored 1838 and 1960. All structures except The Red Tower of magnesian limestone ashlar; The Red Tower of red-brown brick in random bond with limestone dressings. House on Walmgate Bar timber-framed with plastered infill: Bar has lead roof. The Red Tower and Fishergate Postern Tower have hipped roofs of tile with gablets and overhanging eaves.
EXTERIOR: walls carried on foundation arches, embedded in rampart, and stepped with the slope, has chamfered plinth where visible; short buttresses have offsets. Parapet is plain or crenellated with sloped copings, and pierced with musket loops or arrow slits, some canopied. On inner side, stone paved walkway edged with moulded coping, carried on segmental arches in places. Towers are rectangular with chamfered plinths; some have cruciform arrow slits with oillets; all are crenellated, one with merlons pierced with canopied arrow slits. Inner side of tower at south angle has doorway with chamfer-stopped jambs and segment-arched lintel.
The Red Tower: 2 storeys and attic. Entrance on inner side is quoined and chamfered doorway with 4-centred head. Generally ground floor openings are plain slits with ashlar sills and lintels; first floor openings either segment-headed of brick blocked by board shutters or cruciform slits with oillets cut from ashlar blocks. One side has dummy garderobe projecting on corbels. Attic windows are gabled dormers closed with board
shutters.
Walmgate Bar: 3-storey gate and gatehouse with 1-storey barbican. Barbican has moulded plinth, weathered angle buttresses, moulded corbel course to embattled parapet and corbelled-out bartizans. Archway is chamfered and 2-centred with moulded imposts. Parapet has central painted and carved City of York arms in moulded and pedimented surround, over defaced datestone originally dated AD.1684. Returns have embattled parapets over hollow chamfered corbel courses. Gatehouse front within barbican has chamfered round arch with inscribed slate panel recording 1840 restoration above. Upper storey between embattled bartizans joined by plain parapet has reset painted and carved Royal Arms in moulded surround flanked by 1-light windows. Square-headed doorways open to barbican walkways. Moulded strings beneath upper storey and parapet. Gatehouse front to Walmgate: chamfered round arch on imposts closed by massive wooden gates with wicket. Upper storeys obscured by extension raised on Doric columns on tall pedestals, carrying entablature with moulded cornice. First and second floors flanked by tiered columns, Doric on first floor with triglyph frieze blocks and moulded cornice, Ionic on second floor beneath entablature with enriched cornice. First floor window of 6 mullioned and transomed lights with triglyph keyblock on first floor, on second floor similar 5-light window. Balustraded parapet with turned balusters and square newels surmounted by obelisk finials. Access to gatehouse through shouldered doorway on first floor of right return.
Fishergate Bar: 1-storey gateway. Truncated wall finished with plain parapet with sloped coping has round carriage arch of 2 chamfered orders with portcullis slot: on each side are weathered block buttresses pierced by foot passages with corbelled lintels. Parapet incorporates through datestone recording construction of 60 yards of the city wall in 1487 by Lord Mayor Sir William Todd, carved with the City of York arms.
Fishergate Postern and Tower: 4-storey tower with postern attached. Postern is pointed arch of 4 chamfered orders incorporating portcullis slot. Tower, originally embattled, part on moulded plinth, has clasping buttresses at two angles, one incorporating projecting garderobe on first floor. Doorway on inner side is chamfered with 4-centred head and C20 nail-studded door. Windows are slits in chamfered openings or of 2 segment-arched lights in square-headed surround. Original embrasures converted to unglazed windows by roof construction. (An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the City of York: The Defences: HMSO: 1972-: 139-157).
Listing NGR: SE6069451256

Derived from English Heritage LB download dated: 22/08/2005


City of York Council, 1991, 1991 City Walls Structural Survey (Unpublished document). SYO2265.

YAT, 1992, York City Walls Walmgate/Fishergate chainage 3100-3200 Watching Brief (Unpublished document). SYO941.

YAT, 1996, City Walls Chainage 2919 - 3247 (Unpublished document). SYO946.

YAT, 2002, York City Walls, Chainage 3350 Fishergate Watching Brief (Unpublished document). SYO424.

PLB, 2004, York City Walls Conservation Management Plan (Unpublished document). SYO1733.

PLB, 2004, York City Walls Interpretation and Access (Unpublished document). SYO1734.

Donald Insall Associates, 2021, York City Walls Management Plan (Unpublished document). SYO2629.

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: PLB. 2004. York City Walls Conservation Management Plan.
---Unpublished document: PLB. 2004. York City Walls Interpretation and Access.
---Unpublished document: City of York Council. 1991. 1991 City Walls Structural Survey.
---Unpublished document: Donald Insall Associates. 2021. York City Walls Management Plan.
---Unpublished document: YAT. 2002. York City Walls, Chainage 3350 Fishergate Watching Brief.
---Unpublished document: YAT. 1992. York City Walls Walmgate/Fishergate chainage 3100-3200 Watching Brief.
---Unpublished document: YAT. 1996. City Walls Chainage 2919 - 3247.

Related records

MYO4688Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 35 (Monument)
MYO4689Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 36 (Monument)
MYO4693Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 37 (Monument)
MYO4696Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 38 (Monument)
MYO4697Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Tower 39 (Monument)
MYO4695Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS between Fishergate Bar and Fishergate Postern Tower (Chainage 3250-3400) (Monument)
MYO4690Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS between Red Tower and Walmgate Bar (Chainage 2600-2900) (Monument)
MYO4694Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS between Walmgate Bar and Fishergate Bar (Chainage 2900-3250) (Monument)
MYO4698Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Rampart between Fishergate Bar and Fishergate Postern Tower (Monument)
MYO4691Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Rampart between Red Tower and Walmgate Bar (Monument)
MYO4692Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Rampart between Walmgate Bar and Fishergate Bar (Monument)
MYO4237Parent of: YORK CITY WALLS Red Tower (Postern tower) (Monument)
MYO3631Part of: York City Walls in entirety (Monument)
MYO1715Related to: York City Walls (Baille Hill to Barker Tower) (Monument)
MYO1733Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (BOOTHAM BAR TO MONK BAR) (Monument)
MYO1731Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (LENDAL HILL HOUSE TO THE LODGE, MUSEUM GARDENS) (Monument)
MYO2008Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (MONK BAR TO LAYERTHORPE) (Monument)
MYO1075Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (MULTANGULAR TOWER AND WALL ATTACHED TO SOUTH EAST) (Monument)
MYO1732Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (MULTANGULAR TOWER TO REAR OF 8 STLEONARD'S) (Monument)
MYO1714Related to: YORK CITY WALLS (TOWER PLACE TO DAVY TOWER) (Monument)

Images

No image description available   © City of York Council

No image description available © City of York Council

No image description available   © City of York Council

No image description available © City of York Council

No image description available   © City of York Council

No image description available © City of York Council

No image description available   © City of York Council

No image description available © City of York Council