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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 46 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942705
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1180242778
Summary : A Bronze Age bell barrow, known as Amesbury 46, survives as earthworks and forms part of the Cursus barrow group (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of 40m and comprises a roughly circular central mound, 1.7m high, which sits on a plinth surrounded by a ring ditch that is conjoined with that around Amesbury 47 to the west (Monument Number 942709). The plinth suggests more than one structural phase. The barrow mound was excavated by Colt Hoare in the early 19th century (Barrow 31) who described it as bowl-shaped and recovered burned bones with a small spear head, now in Devizes Museum. A collared urn sherd was found nearby in 1957. The barrow was listed as Amesbury 46 by Goddard and by Grinsell (as a bell barrow). In 1913 Maud Cunnington noted it was in good condition having never been ploughed. The barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `D' - SU 11804277; Amesbury 46, a bell barrow with an overall diameter of 137ft. Described by Colt Hoare as a bowl barrow but more likely to be a bell with a sloping berm. (1) Excavations by Colt Hoare (Barrow 31) located a primary cremation with a flat bronze dagger, which is now in Devizes Museum (DM 3400). (2-3)

A sherd of collared urn with twisted cord ornament was found on either this barrow or Amesbury 47 (SU 14 SW 429) by Mr. B.G Hopkins, 35 Breamore Ave. Chelmsford. Essex on 21.4.57. (4)

Amesbury 46; a ditched bell barrow confluent with Amesbury 47 (SU 14 SW 429). It is 2.5m high and has an overall diameter of 36m. (5)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 46 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (6)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (8-10)

The Bronze Age bell barrow referred to above (9-10) was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The round barrow has an overall diameter of 40m and comprises a roughly circular central mound, 1.7m high, which sits on a plinth surrounded by a ring ditch that is conjoined with that around Amesbury 47. The base of the mound measures 19m and the top is 12m in diameter. Berms separate the bottom of the mound and the edge of the plinth (between 1.3m and 4m wide) and the bottom of the plinth and the ditch (between 0.1m and 1.7m wide). The plinth measures 26m and the berm is 28m in diameter. The ring ditch measures circa 0.4m deep and between 5m and 8m wide. Hollows on top of the mound probably relate to Colt Hoare's excavations and more recent erosion scars are visible on the western side of the barrow. (11-12)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 207
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 162
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Source Number : 11
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/28-MAY-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
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Source Number : 12
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
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Vol(s) : 85/2010
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : FK Annable, DDA Simpson (1964) Guide Catalogue to the Neolithic and Bronze Age collections in Devizes Museum, p55 no 354
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Salisbury Museum 2.5" Record Sheets
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MJF 11-APR-69
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 7
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 572
Page(s) : 193
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1050-1052 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1242/127 (WAP 11820/27306) XX-XXX-1977
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1142/64 (15197/23) 03-JAN-1995
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bell Barrow, Round Barrow
Object Type : DAGGER, CREMATION, VESSEL
Object Material : Bronze, Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10342
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW747
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 428
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 219815
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 942709
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942712
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942696
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942691
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942703
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31