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HER Number:18163.72
Name:CARN BREA - Medieval deer park

Summary

The Basset's deer park around Carn Brea is first recorded in 134

Grid Reference:SW 6855 4080
Parish:Carn Brea, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO79: Carn Brea Castle
  • Conservation Area: CARN BREA

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW64SE 17
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 18163.72
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW64SE 184

Monument Type(s):

Full description

The Basset's deer park at Carn Brea is first recorded in 1348 when two men were charged with "breaking Oliver's park at Carnbree, hunting therein and carring away deer" (b4). The deer were removed to Tehidy as mining on the hill intensified, the Tehidy account book of 1785 refering to "the new deer park" there (b3). Leland describes the site in the 1500's as in disrepair; ".... There was sumtyme a park now defacid" (b6). Tonkin says in 1739 "the castellet and the park wall are still standing" (b1). Tangye suggests that a large hedge, still surviving where it crosses the hill west of the monument and shown on C18th maps enclosing three quarters of the hill, may be the remains of the old park wall (b10).


<1> TONKIN, T, 1739, MS (Unedited Source). SCO5529.


<2> Borlase, W, 1754, Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall (Bibliographic reference). SCO2878.


<3> UNKNOWN, 1785, TEHIDY ACCOUNT BOOKS (Unedited Source). SCO5624.


<4> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.


<5> Henderson, C, 1935, Essays in Cornish History, 162 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3501.


<6> SMITH, LT (ED), 1964, LELAND'S ITINERARIES OF 1535-1543, VOL 1, 190 (Unedited Source). SCO7907.


<7> Harvey, J (Ed), 1969, Itineraries of William of Worcestre, 21 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3466.


<8> Mercer, R, 1970, The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970), VOL 9, 62 (Article in serial). SCO3933.


<9> Tangye, M, 1971, Earthworks in the Parish of Illogan, VOL 10, 42 (Article in serial). SCO4529.


<10> Tangye, M, 1981, Carn Brea, a Brief History and Guide, 33-35 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4526.


<11> Mercer, R, 1981, Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan, 7 (Article in serial). SCO3929.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO5529 - Unedited Source: TONKIN, T. 1739. MS. AT RIC.
[2]SCO2878 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1754. Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall.
[3]SCO5624 - Unedited Source: UNKNOWN. 1785. TEHIDY ACCOUNT BOOKS.
[4]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W.
[5]SCO3501 - Bibliographic reference: Henderson, C. 1935. Essays in Cornish History. 162.
[6]SCO7907 - Unedited Source: SMITH, LT (ED). 1964. LELAND'S ITINERARIES OF 1535-1543. VOL 1, 190.
[7]SCO3466 - Bibliographic reference: Harvey, J (Ed). 1969. Itineraries of William of Worcestre. 21.
[8]SCO3933 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1970. The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970). CA No 9. VOL 9, 62.
[9]SCO4529 - Article in serial: Tangye, M. 1971. Earthworks in the Parish of Illogan. CA No 10. VOL 10, 42.
[10]SCO4526 - Bibliographic reference: Tangye, M. 1981. Carn Brea, a Brief History and Guide. 33-35.
[11]SCO3929 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1981. Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan. CA No 20. 7.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

18163Part of: CARN BREA - Neolithic tor enclosure, Iron Age hillfort (Monument)