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HER Number:18163.27
Name:CARN BREA - Neolithic lithic scatter


Large quantities of worked flint have been recovered from Carn Brea over many years.

Grid Reference:SW 6855 4078
Parish:Carn Brea, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status: None recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 18163.27
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW64SE 113.2-.5-113.7-.4

Monument Type(s):

Full description

Large quantities of unprovenanced worked flints and other material from the C19th excavations on Carn Brea are held in the archive stores of the Royal Cornwall Museum.
In 1895 Peter and Burnard found a large number of arrowheads and scrapers on the eastern summit and smaller quanties of fragments and tools in the hut circles on the "saddle" between the summits (prn 18163.42).
A total of 26,382 pieces of worked flint and chert were recovered during Mercer's 1970-1973 excavations, mainly from the eastern summit, but only approximately 5% of this material was from 'truly stratified Neolithic contexts' (CA20, p101). Of particular interest were the 700 or more leaf-shaped arrowheads clustering round the entrance to the eastern terrace.
Two leaf-shaped arrowheads were found by M Tangye in 1974 at the base of a rock on the top of Carn Brea (b8).
A further leaf arrowhead was recovered from an eroded surface on the crest of the north-facing slope of the hill at SW 6853 4079 by P Steele (b7). The find spot was near the hut circles on the "saddle" between the summits, inside the northern entrance to the hillfort.

<1> Peter, TC, 1896, The Expoloration of Carn Brea, VOL 12, 98-101 (Article in serial). SCO5139.

<2> BURNARD, R, 1896, THE EXPLORATION OF CARN BREA, 102-131 (Unedited Source). SCO6572.

<3> Mercer, R, 1970, The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970), VOL 9, 56 (Article in serial). SCO3933.

<4> Mercer, R, 1972, The Excavation of the Neolithic Settlement, Carn Brea, 1972: interim note (Cornish Archaeology 11, 1972), VOL 11, 6 (Article in serial). SCO3931.

<5> Cornwall Archaeological Society, 1973, Cornwall Archaeological Society newsletter, NO 13, 1 (Article in serial). SCO8215.

<6> Mercer, R, 1981, Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan, 101-152 (Article in serial). SCO3929.

<7> STEELE, P, 198-, UNKNOWN, NO 49, 3 (Unedited Source). SCO8546.

<8> TANGYE, M, 1974, AN UNUSUAL EXPERIENCE, NO 16, 7 (Unedited Source). SCO8259.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO5139 - Article in serial: Peter, TC. 1896. The Expoloration of Carn Brea. JRIC Vol 13. VOL 12, 98-101.
[3]SCO3933 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1970. The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970). CA No 9. VOL 9, 56.
[4]SCO3931 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1972. The Excavation of the Neolithic Settlement, Carn Brea, 1972: interim note (Cornish Archaeology 11, 1972). CA No 11. VOL 11, 6.
[5]SCO8215 - Article in serial: Cornwall Archaeological Society. 1973. Cornwall Archaeological Society newsletter. CAS NEWSLETTER. NO 13, 1.
[6]SCO3929 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1981. Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan. CA No 20. 101-152.
[7]SCO8546 - Unedited Source: STEELE, P. 198-. UNKNOWN. CAS NEWSLETTER. NO 49, 3.
[8]SCO8259 - Unedited Source: TANGYE, M. 1974. AN UNUSUAL EXPERIENCE. CAS NEWSLETTER. NO 16, 7.

Associated Finds

  • FCO1268 - ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2501 BC)
  • FCO1271 - BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2501 BC)
  • FCO3260 - SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2501 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

18163Part of: CARN BREA - Neolithic tor enclosure, Iron Age hillfort (Monument)