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HER Number:18163.41
Name:CARN BREA - Iron Age hillfort

Summary

Carn Brea's central and east summits are enclosed by two near-continuous ramparts

Grid Reference:SW 684 407
Parish:Carn Brea, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Conservation Area: CARN BREA
  • Scheduled Monument CO79: Carn Brea Castle

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 377.26
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW64SE 5
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 18163.41
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW64SE 113.1

Monument Type(s):

Full description

Carn Brea's central and eastern summits are enclosed by stony ramparts, linked by paired ramparts across both the northern and southern flanks of the hill. Excavation showed that these ramparts were originally constructed in the early Neolithic period, though the presence of several Iron-Age round houses in the saddle between the two tors (18163.42) suggests that the ramparts may have been repaired or rebuilt at this time.
(b10) - Hartgroves, S, 1985, Pers Comm, ,

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1962. GHP / OS
2: 1970. ANK / OS
4: 1985. SG, AS / CAU
--------------------------------


MILES, H, 1978, HILLFORT STUDY GROUP CORNWALL (Unedited Source). SCO8443.

<1> Borlase, W, 1754, Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall (Bibliographic reference). SCO2878.

RAF, 1947, CPE/UK/2368/3050&51 (Photographic Record). SCO12663.

<2> WILKINSON, G, 1860, UNKNOWN TITLE, PT 1, 42, 17 (Unedited Source). SCO6135.

<3> Peter, TC, 1896, The Expoloration of Carn Brea, VOL 12, 92-102 (Article in serial). SCO5139.

<4> BURNARD, R, 1896, THE EXPLORATION OF CARN BREA, 1-54 (Unedited Source). SCO6572.

<5> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 128, FIG 36 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.

<6> Mercer, R, 1970, The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970), VOL 9, 55-57 (Article in serial). SCO3933.

<7> Mercer, R, 1972, The Excavation of the Neolithic Settlement, Carn Brea, 1972: interim note (Cornish Archaeology 11, 1972), VOL 11, 8 (Article in serial). SCO3931.

<8> Mercer, R, 1981, Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan, 87-101 (Article in serial). SCO3929.

<9> Tangye, M, 1981, Carn Brea, a Brief History and Guide (Bibliographic reference). SCO4526.

Sources / Further Reading

---SCO8443 - Unedited Source: MILES, H. 1978. HILLFORT STUDY GROUP CORNWALL.
[p1]SCO12663 - Photographic Record: RAF. 1947. CPE/UK/2368/3050&51. ABP.
[1]SCO2878 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1754. Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall.
[2]SCO6135 - Unedited Source: WILKINSON, G. 1860. UNKNOWN TITLE. JRIC. PT 1, 42, 17.
[3]SCO5139 - Article in serial: Peter, TC. 1896. The Expoloration of Carn Brea. JRIC Vol 13. VOL 12, 92-102.
[4]SCO6572 - Unedited Source: BURNARD, R. 1896. THE EXPLORATION OF CARN BREA. TRANS PLYMOUTH INST & D&C N HIST SOC. 1-54.
[5]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 128, FIG 36.
[6]SCO3933 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1970. The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970). CA No 9. VOL 9, 55-57.
[7]SCO3931 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1972. The Excavation of the Neolithic Settlement, Carn Brea, 1972: interim note (Cornish Archaeology 11, 1972). CA No 11. VOL 11, 8.
[8]SCO3929 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1981. Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan. CA No 20. 87-101.
[9]SCO4526 - Bibliographic reference: Tangye, M. 1981. Carn Brea, a Brief History and Guide.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

18163Part of: CARN BREA - Neolithic tor enclosure, Iron Age hillfort (Monument)