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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 12756

Hob Uid: 12756
Location :
Grid Ref : NY5243061300
Summary : The site of a Roman industrial site at Brampton. It was in use around 100-125 AD. There were tile and pottery kilns, and possible metalworking. It was probably run by the garrison from the nearby Roman fort.
More information : A Roman tilery was discovered in May 1963 at NY 524 613 during extensions to the recreation grounds of Irthing Valley School. Eight kilns were uncovered, the earliest in chronological sequence being of a previously unrecorded type. This is believed to have proved unsuccessful, for the remainder were of Grimes Type 3 or Corder's Type 4. In the earliest kiln a terracotta lamp was found, stamped with the maker's name, FORTIS, and from the site as a whole some 800 fragments of coarse ware, tiles and pottery were collected, which indicated a period of activity between AD 100-125. It is almost certain that this was a military establishment operated by an auxiliary unit living in the fort at Old Church, three quarters of a mile to the west, (NY 56 SW 20). (1)

In July 1964 on the same site a hoard of ironwork was found in a pit, probably a well, which was estimated to have been about ten feet deep at the time of deposition. It comprised 61 items including agricultural and artisans' tools and various fittings and structural fragments, almost all compatible with a military origin. A date of around AD 125 seems likely. (2)

There are no visible remains. The site, which falls in a playing field, was pointed out by the Headmaster at NY 52436130. (3)

NY 524613. Irthing Valley School. An amphora sherd of pinkish fabric with a cream slip, was later found on the site of the tilery excavated in 1963. A graffito in cursive lettering has been incised before firing: ABV (...) QVI (...). The sherd is too fragmentary to determine whether there were other lines of writing above or below what has survived. Now in the possession of Mrs W Davies, Kirkbampton, Cumbria. (4)

Excavation uncovered a Roman military industrial site; the two pottery kilns were of F6 type, circular and pear-shaped. No stratified pottery was found, from the general area grey cooking ware, mortaria, carinated bowls and dishes. The rectangular kilns were thought to be for tiles, but may have also been for reduced pottery. (5-6)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (R Hogg)
Page(s) : 133-68
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 65, 1965
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : (W H Manning)
Page(s) : Jan-36
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 66, 1966
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 BHP 30-NOV-71
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 3a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr J D Grey (Headmaster) Irthing Valley School Brampton.
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : (Hassall and Tomlin)
Page(s) : 383
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12, 1981
Source Number : 5
Source : The pottery kilns of Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 243
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 5
Source Number : 6
Source : Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society
Source details : Bellhouse RL 'The Roman Tileries at Scalesceugh and Brampton'
Page(s) : 35-44
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 71, 1971
Source Number : 7
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Tile Kiln, Pottery Kiln
Evidence : Find, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Tile Kiln, Pottery Kiln
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Cumbria)
External Cross Reference Number : 283
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 56 SW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 12784
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, IRTHING VALLEY SCHOOL, BRAMPTON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1963-01-01
End Date : 1963-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 56 SW 10
Start Date : 1971-11-30
End Date : 1971-11-30