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Historic England Research Records

Whorlton

Hob Uid: 26814
Location :
North Yorkshire
Hambleton
Whorlton
Grid Ref : NZ4844002300
Summary : The remains of the medieval village of Whorlton lie beside a hollow way which runs along the brow of Howe Hill, south-west towards Swainby. South of the hollow way are rectangular platforms of house plots or yards.
More information : NZ 484 025. The lost vilage of Whorlton is mentioned in Domesday Book, and the Lay Subsidy Accounts for 1301, 1327 and 1334. Fewer than ten householders are recorded in 1428. (1)

There are no intelligible remains of this village. Visual evidence of its probable site, however, occurs in the form of a small area of hummocky ground centred at NZ 4838 0226, and flanked on the S and W sides by pronounced ridge and furrow ploughing. Alleged remains of buried paving have also been encountered by Mr J Nelson, a local farmer, at NZ 4848 0239, adjacent to the conjectural site of the market cross (see OS 25" 1928). A village, centred at NZ 4844 0230, would thus utilise, as the main thoroughfare, a disused, but well defined track existing between Whorlton and Swainby. This leaves Cross Bank (NZ 48510238) as a sunken green lane, now overgrown and virtually impassable.

It continues across the adjoining fields as a slight terraced way, before descending to Swainby by means of a hollow way. A slight baulk between (NZ 4836 0219 and NZ 4843 0226 (published as Earthwork (NR) on OS 6" 1960) appears to be part of a probable demarcation baulk between the site of the village and the area of rig and furrow. (2)

NZ 482 025. A small exploratory excavation was made on the site of Whorlton Medieval village in 1976 due to proposals to extend the present graveyard to the edge of the castle (NZ 40 SE 6). This showed that the modern road ocupied the line of a hollow way formerly linking the castle with the village, which had fallen into disuse in the late middle ages, perhaps the 14th century. It was apparently replaced by a cobbled trackway linking the castle to the church (NZ 40 SE 8) and lying S of the former hollow way. The change was possibly due to the construction of the great dam and fishpond between the church and castle and perhaps indicated that it was crossed by a bridge or causeway. There was no evidence of any structures between the castle and the church. (3)

(NZ 4850 0238) Supposed Site of (NAT) Market Cross (NR). (4)

Whorlton Castle and earthworks, deserted medieval village and remains of church. Scheduled No NY/1199. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 308
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Vol(s) : 38, 1955
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator RWE 22-JUN-62
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Source : Whorlton Castle, Holy Cross Church, Whorlton village and environs
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Source : Whorlton Castle, castle and area to east/pencil survey
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Source : Whorlton Castle, heights plot
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE Arch Excvns 1976 1977 151 (M Griffiths for N Yorks CC)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey 25" map sheet 1928
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 2/12/92
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 30-Aug-1996
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Source : Whorlton Castle
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Source : Whorlton Castle, area south-east of castle/pencil survey
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Source : Whorlton Castle/ink survey
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Source : Whorlton Castle, masonry sheet/pencil survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant 1086 to 1428
Monument End Date : 1428
Monument Start Date : 1086
Monument Type : Deserted Settlement, Hollow Way, Ridge And Furrow
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 1199
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NY 115
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 20519
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NZ 40 SE 5
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 26804
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 26817
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NZ 40 SE 5
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1962-06-22
End Date : 1962-06-22
Associated Activities : Primary, WHORLTON MEDIEVAL VILLAGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WHORLTON CHURCHYARD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31