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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 868106

Hob Uid: 868106
Location :
Dorset
Portland
Grid Ref : SY6900072000
Summary : Limestone quarries. Quarrying for limestone on the Isle of Portland began in the C14th. The oldest quarries are in the NE of the island.
More information : (SY 690 720. Portland Limestone Quarries sited from OS 1:10000 1978)

Portland Limestone Quarries. Although Portland Limestone had been exploited by the Romans, full exploitation only began in earnest in the early C 14. The earliest quarries are in the NE of the island. Until the arrival of the railways in 1826, all stone had to be shipped from wooden piers on the east side of the island.
An extensive network of tramways were used to transport the stone, the quarries on the Weston side of the island using the Merchants tramway to Castletown, the central and eatern quarries using a route to The Camber along the east side of the island. By 1903 both networks were linked to utilise both of these routes and also the Portland Railway [SY 67 SE 51] and the Easton and Church Hope Railway [SY 67 SE 53]. (See SY 67 SE 51 illustration card for a copy of the 1903 6" map) (1-3)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Archaeol Journal 140 1983 76 (J H Bettey)
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Industrial History from the Air 1984 12-15 Photographs (K Hudson)
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Building Stones of England and Wales 1976 (N Davey)
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Limestone Quarry
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Limestone Quarry
Evidence :

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SY 67 SE 50
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 868120
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 868129
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :