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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 364304

Hob Uid: 364304
Location :
City of Peterborough
Upton
Grid Ref : TL1072099080
Summary : Cropmarks of two rectangular enclosures alongside and possibly pre-dating Ermine Street; suggested Roman date. One has been tentatively interpreted as a fort or camp. However excavations of one of the enclosures in advance of road construction uncovered pottery and lithic implements suggesting a late Neolithic/early Bronze Age date for the site.
More information : (TL 10729908 ) ROMAN CAMP (R) (Site of) (NAT) (1)

Two enclosures listed by authority 2 under "Roman SettlementSites":-
TL 10729908 An enclosure immediately east of Ermine Street (RR 2c), orientated askew to Ermine Street itself but almost at right angles to the Roman Road to Wansford (RR 571), which joins Ermine Street at this point. A well marked and unusually wide ditch encloses a rectangular area of 1 1/2 acres with rounded corners. There are two entrances, one in the north west corner, and another at the west end of the south side (2). There may have been an almost central gate on the east side (4). No interior features are visible. Nothing is visible on the ground. (2-5)

Described as a "Roman Camp" on St Joseph air photographs. (6)

TL 10639919 A second enclosure lies immediately north west of the first. A narrow ditch encloses an almost square area of about 2 acres with rounded corners. The west side is slightly bowed outwards. There are narrow entrances in the north side near the north west corner, and in the east side near the north east corner. No interior features are visible. There are no surface indications of either of the above enclosures which possibly pre-date the adjacent Ermine Street. (7)

TL 107991 Roman Fort and enclosure at Sutton Cross. (8)

Excavations of one of the enclosures in advance of road construction uncovered pottery and lithic implements suggesting a late Neolithic/early Bronze Age date for the site. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1958
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Peterborough New Town: a survey of the antiquities in the areas of development
Source details :
Page(s) : 34-6
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : The Antiquaries journal : journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London
Source details : (Margary)
Page(s) : 113
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 15, 1935
Source Number : 4
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details : (J K St Joseph)
Page(s) : 83
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 43, 1953
Source Number : 5
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (RAF F22/542/43 0017 Sept 1954)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : (St Joseph 66M CI027 NMR TL 1099/1)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
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Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 06-NOV-70
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : DOE (IAM) Ancient Monuments in England 3 1978
Page(s) : 15
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Archaeology Review 1990-91
Source details :
Page(s) : 25-Jun
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Find
Monument Period Name : Early Bronze Age
Display Date : Early Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -1600
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Lithic Working Site
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence, Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Fort, Temporary Camp
Evidence : Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Rectangular Enclosure
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Lithic Working Site
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Early Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Enclosed Settlement, Lithic Working Site
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : CB 138
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 19 NW 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 364291
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON TL 19 NW 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-11-06
End Date : 1970-11-06
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON CROSS (N.W. ENCLOSURE)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SUTTON CROSS, UPTON
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31