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Historic England Research Records

Coventinas Well

Hob Uid: 1013364
Location :
Northumberland
Newbrough
Grid Ref : NY8576071150
Summary : The site of Conventinas Well near Carrawburgh Roman Fort on Hadrian's Wall. Excavation in 1876 revealed a spring encased in a rectangular basin, about 2.6 metres by 2.4 metres, which lay at the centre of a walled enclosure or temple, measuring 12.2 metres north/south by 11.6 metres transversely within a wall 0.9 metres thick. The contents of the well included at least 13,487 coins, from Mark Antony to Gratian, a relief of three water nymphs, the head of a male statue, two dedication slabs to the goddess Coventina, ten altars to Coventina and Minerva, two clay incense burners, and a wide range of votive objects. The spring still contains some stone blocks below summer water level. (perhaps dislodged pieces of the well-head). On the east edge of a bank immediately to the west is a short stretch of facing stones, 1.5 metres long, the only visible portion of the shrine's internal wall face. Limited investigations in 1984 located another fragment of the inner face of the enclosure on the south side.
More information : NY 8576 7115. [Re-recorded from former OS card NY87SE10.2]Excavation in 1876 revealed a spring encased in a rectangular basin, about 2.6m by 2.4m, which lay at the centre of a walled enclosure or temple, measuring 12.2m N-S by 11.6m transversely within a wall 0.9m thick. The contents of the well included at least 13,487 coins, from Mark Antony to Gratian, a relief of three water nymphs, the head of a male statue, two dedication slabs to the goddess Coventina, ten altars, two clay incense burners, and a wide range of votive objects. (1)

The site was under water on each of several visits made over a number of weeks; it would appear to remain in this state throughout the year. (2)

RCHME Newcastle examined and surveyed the well as a part of the 1:1000 survey of Carrawburgh fort, and produced a full report.
Little can be seen of the site. The spring still contains some stone blocks below summer water level. (perhaps dislodged pieces of the well-head). On the E edge of a bank immediately to the W is a short stretch of facing stones, 1.5m long, the only visible portion of the shrine's internal wall face. Limited probing in 1984 located another fragment of the inner face of the enclosure on the S side. (3)

Discussion of Coventina's Well. (4)

Overall summary. (5)

Nos 1522-26, 1528-33, inscribed altars to the goddess Coventina; Nos 1527 and 1534, slabs dedicated to the goddess Coventina; No 1543, altar dedicated to Minerva. (6)

Scheduled (7)

Located on the English Heritage map of Hadrian's Wall 2010. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details : Clayton J Description of Roman remains discovered near to Procolitia
Page(s) : Jan-49
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 81,880
Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RL 18-JAN-1966
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Iain Sainsbury/10-AUG-1984/RCHME: Carrawburgh Survey
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Source Number : 4
Source : Coventina's Well: a shrine on Hadrian's Wall
Source details :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Carrawburgh Roman Fort and its environs : a survey of the extent and state of preservation of the archaeological remains
Source details :
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Source Number : 6
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone
Source details :
Page(s) : 485-94
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : 14-Jul-97
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Source Number : 8
Source : An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 scale
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Temple, Well, Altar
Evidence : Building, Structure, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 26054
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Hadrian's Wall Project Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 8571/20
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : ND 28
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1522
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1523
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1524
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1525
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1526
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1528
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1529
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1530
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1531
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1532
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1533
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1535
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1527
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1534
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB)
External Cross Reference Number : 1543
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 87 SE 148
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1013365
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 16704
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1013363
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, COVENTINA'S WELL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1876-01-01
End Date : 1877-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 87 SE 148
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-01-18
End Date : 1966-01-18
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: CARRAWBURGH SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: HADRIAN'S WALL PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1988-01-01
End Date : 1993-08-01