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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1028677

Hob Uid: 1028677
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Withypool and Hawkridge
Grid Ref : SS8537034530
Summary : A field system on Bradley Hams is visible as a series of earthworks. The earliest phase is of medieval date and is represented by curving field banks. The second phase is dated to post 1841. The system was identifed from air photos. The field has been used as a horse racing track by local farmers.
More information : Centred at SS 85243471 on Bradley Hams are the remains of a two-phase field system covering 46.5 hectares. The earliest phase is medieval and is associated with the farmstead at SS 85683491 (SS 83 SE 11). It is centred on SS 85633498 and consists of very slight curving field banks running under the later banks, and cut on the east by Bradley Pond.

The second phase consists of effaced field banks associated with the surviving banks prior to the enlargement of the fields. They ran across the whole area of Bradley Hams as one field, therefore suggesting that all of the field banks were constructed later than 1841. The banks have been identified from air photographs (2).

Associated with this phase are a series of lynchets to the north centred around SS 85383465 measuring around 0.5m high and identified from air photographs (2). Downslope of these at SS 85293454 are the remains of a building platform measuring 16.6m across the slope by 8.7m cut into the natural hillside. To the south-east a track runs up the slope from it.

During the first half of the century the field containing Bradley Pond and the medieval field system hosted a horse-racing track for local farmers, the field being known locally as "the race track" (3). (1-4)

The remains of a two-phase field system covering circa 60 hectares can be seen as earthworks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. As described by the above authority, slightly curving field banks are visible near Bradley pond, but can also be seen to the west of Bradley Hams at circa SS 85323479. These are indicative of a probable medieval phase of enclosure and are overlain by more regular boundary banks of post-medieval, and probably 19th century date. These boundaries extend to the north-east of Bradley pond, laterally crossing Bradley Hams dividing the hill into a series of regular sub-rectangular fields. These earthworks have suffered some erosion from agricultural improvements by the 1970s. (5-8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Hawkridge Tithe Map 1841 Somerset Record Office
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : McDonnell R 1977-85 CRAGGS Exmoor Air Photo Survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Mr AW Baker, 24 King Edward Road, Minehead
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Chapman HP 26-APR-1995 RCHME Field Investigation
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G//UK/1655 4386-7 11-JUL-1946
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 3358-9 11-APR-1947
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 543/2821(F61) 0261-2 27-APR-1964
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73086 775-6 17-APR-1973
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Field System
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Field System, Race Track, Building Platform
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 35541
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MSO8732
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 SE 52
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01