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Historic England Research Records

North Lyshwell

Hob Uid: 1031567
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Molland
Grid Ref : SS8376630856
Summary : The deserted farmstead of North Lyshwell is known from documentary sources and is visible as earthworks. A rectangular enclosure contains the earthwork remains of a domestic building. Immediately to the east is a yard or pen defined by banks up to 0.6m high. An extensive field system to the east is probably contemporary with the deserted farmstead.
More information : The deserted farmstead of North Lyshwell is centred at SS 8376 3086.
North Lyshwell is first mentioned in 1690 and in 1763 a messuage amnd lands are recorded there. In 1775 it is referred to as a tenement. By 1840 the field is shown as now and called North Lyshwell. The farmstead is not shown on the Molland Tithe Map.
On the southern side of the Danes Brook is a rectangular field called North Lyshwell (Tithe - and still known as such locally). It extends to some 12 hectares. At the west end of the field is a terraced way which gives access to the earthwork remains of the farmstead. This comprises a roughly rectangular enclosure measuring some 30m by 18m and terraced into the hillside on its upper side by 2.2m. This is a rectangular two-celled structure, measuring 14m by 6m defined by earth and stone banks 0.4m high. The western end contains much stone rubble which suggests the presence of a stone chimney in the gable end. The internal division is marked by a length of wall facing and a change in level of 0.4m - the eastern end being the lower. Access to the eastern end was through an entrance on the northern side, marked by a gap 1.3m wide in the defining bank. There may have been a second entrance on the southern side, but this part of the building has been damaged by robbing? and by modern farm access across the enclosure.
At the east end of the enclosure or yard is a pen, defined by banks 0./6m high. It is roughly ovoid in shape, measuring 16m by 7m and was reached by an entrance at its south west corner. Two slight platforms mark the sites of outbuildings, the first lies adjacent to the pen on its eastern side. It is 5m by 2.5m. The second lies on the crest of the terrace scarp to the south of the farmhouse. It comprises a slight platform measuring 6.5m by 5.5m and defined by a bank on the eastern side and by a cut scarp in the natural slope on the south. Both platforms were probably occupied by pit buildings or sheds constructed from timber or cob.
The farmstead was surveyed at 1:500 scale. Full level 3 report and landscape analysis in archive.

A 1:2500 scale level 3 photogrammetric survey was carried out on the field known as Wester Shircombe (approximately 17 hectares), situated on the southern edge of Exmoor. The site comprises approximate 17 hectares situated on a south facing slope on the north side of the Dane Brook. The survey was carried out on behalf of the RCHME Exeter Field Office by the RCHME Air Photography Unit based in Swindon. The survey was required to aid further evaluation and field work.
Copies of the plan, digital files and accompanying report are held by the RCHME. (Collection UID: 1031546) (1-6)

The deserted farmstead of North Lyshwell are clearly visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 83763085, and with the probably associated field system immediately to the east, have been transcribed as part of the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey at a 1:2500 scale. The farmstead appears to be connected to the field system by a trackway defined by the banks of fields to the north and south. (7-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Wilson-North WR 20-JUL-95
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Source Number : 2
Source : North Lyshwell/ink survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : Lyshwell and Shircombe: Deserted Farmsteads and Field Systems
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Source Number : 4
Source : Wester Shircombe/ink AP transcription
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Source Number : 5
Source : Wester Shircombe/pencil AP transcription
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Source Number : 6
Source : Wester Shircombe
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1420 (F20) 3457-8 15-APR-1946
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Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/860 (F20) 4123-4 02-SEP-1952
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SS/8330/10-11 (18278/10-11) 10-FEB-1999
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Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SS/8330/28-31 (23426/05-8) 01-MAR-2004
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Farmstead, House Platform, Enclosure, Yard
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MDE12432
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 54019
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 SW 30
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1033248
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WESTER SHIRCOMBE PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1995-11-03
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01