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Historic England Research Records

Hedon

Hob Uid: 1032039
Location :
East Riding of Yorkshire
Hedon
Grid Ref : TA1900028500
Summary : 12th century inland borough-port founded by the Counts of Aumale. The town's prosperity was based on the wool trade. It declined when the narrow creek leading to the Humber silted up and its trade shifted to Hull. Excavations have revealed structures and features for this settlement dating from the 12th century.
More information : TA 190 285. Hedon. Founded as a borough-port during the first half of the twelfth century by the Counts of Aumale, the town was laid out on a grid pattern and at the height of its wool and hide trade prosperity could boast three churches and was three times its present size. It declined when the narrow creek leading to the Humber silted up and its trade shifted to Hull. Two of the three churches, St James' and St Nicholas', fell into disuse and were removed shortly after 1476, leaving St Augustine's as the sole modern survivor. The former Hedon Haven, a canalised stream that allowed ships to come
right into the town, and its separate arms or 'havens', are still visible as silted channels. Excavations in 1972 failed to locate the eastern haven of the medieval port. (1-3)

TA 186 285 etc. Hedon medieval town. Scheduled No HU/193. (4)

Additional reference (5)

Excavation report for 1975-76. (6)

Evolution of the new town plan.
TA 189 285. Trial excavations by D H Evans for the Humberside Archaeology Unit revealed five main periods of continuous occupation on a site on the N side of Fletchergate, ranging from the 12th to the 20th century. The three earliest periods were:

1) 12th to early 14th century; 6 superimposed floor surfaces of timber buildings were encountered.

2) Early 14th century; the level of the street frontage was raised and part of a substantial timber building on stone wall sills and individual padstones was uncovered, parallel to the street.

3) Mid 14th to 16th century; the frontage was raised with a massive clay raft and a new terrace of buildings erected. The W end of this range had an L-shaped plan and may have had an industrial use, as a large rectangular setting for a vat or cistern was found, sunk into the clay platform. This terrace was demolished in the 16th century. A detailed archive report is available from the Humbs Archaeol Unit. (7)

Stephen Count of Aumale granted a hospice at Hedon in 1115. This was later described as lying in a loft, granted by Stephen in free burgage. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Yorkshire from AD 1000
Source details :
Page(s) : 48
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : Medieval England : an aerial survey
Source details :
Page(s) : 219-220
Figs. : 93
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Park G R 1895 History of Hedon
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Boyle J R 1895 Early History of Hedon 179,197 plan map
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : 17/1973
Page(s) : 171
Figs. :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Humbs March 1994 25
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Source Number : 5
Source : A medieval new town and port: the plan analysis of Hedon, East Yorkshire
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The medieval town of Hedon : excavations 1975-1976
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.7
Source Number : 7
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : 36/1992
Page(s) : 244
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Urban history yearbook
Source details : Beresford M, 1981, English Mediaeval Boroughs: a revised handlist: 1973-81
Page(s) : 64
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Constructed from the 12th century
Monument End Date : 1199
Monument Start Date : 1100
Monument Type : Town, Port
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence, Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HU 193
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TA 12 NE 52
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 80781
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 80528
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 80535
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 80543
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 80532
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 80536
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, "HALL OF PLEAS"
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1834-01-01
End Date : 1834-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THORN ROAD/CHURCH LANE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MAGDALEN LANE/THIRTY ACRE LANE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HEDON
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1975-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HEDON HAVEN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CHESTNUT AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 40 BAXTERGATE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FLETCHERGATE, HEDON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 15-19 ST AUGUSTINE'S GATE, HEDON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND ADJACENT TO ORCHARD HOUSE, CHURCH LANE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 4 HILL HOUSE, MARKET HILL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND REAR OF 9-11 ST AUGUSTINE'S GATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, STATION FARM COTTAGE, SOUTTERGATE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND TO THE WEST OF CHAPELRY GARTH
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 4 SHERIFF HIGHWAY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31