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Historic England Research Records

Lyshwell 1

Hob Uid: 1033249
Location :
Devon
North Devon
Molland
Grid Ref : SS8375230684
Summary : A deserted farmstead 120m north east of Lyshwell Farm is visible as earthworks comprising an enclosure and the remains of three buildings, a domestic building, a shippon and an outbuilding. A number of banks subdivide the enclosure and create an orderly arrangement suggesting a possible informal courtyard arrangement.
More information : Centred at 8377 3068 some 120m north-east of Lyshwell Farm are the earthworks of a deserted farmstead.
It consists of a nearly square enclosure measuring 46.5 by 40m, defined by bank of 0.4m high with an external ditch. This enclosure lies inside another enclosure defined by a very prominent bank (0.8m high) which appears to be a later extension or reworking of the farmstead.
Within the enclosure are the remains of three buildings: the domestic building, a shippon and an outbuilding. The domestic building lies at the south-west corner of the enclosure and consists of a two-celled structure measuring 13m by 6.5m defined by earth and stone banks 0.3m high. The western cell is raised 0.3m above the eastern and contains more stonework which might indicate a stone-built chimney in the gable end. The west end of the building is poorly defined having been infilled with stone from modern field clearance and robbed at the eastern gable, where robbing trenches are visible following the wall lines. This room is reached by two opposed doorways in the north and south walls, now marked by breaks in the defining banks. The second building lies at the north east corner of the enclosure and is a substantial structure 24m long and 6m wide. Various slight level changes within it may mark internal divisions. The eastern gable wall has been disturbed and robbing trenches are visible. The building is best interpreted as a shippon. A third building abuts the western enclosure bank. It consists of a rectangular structure measuring 7.5m by 4m and is probably an outbuilding. A number of banks sub-divide the ebclosure and create an orderly arrangement, suggesting a possible informal courtyard plan.
Surveyed at 1;500 scale. Full level 3 report and landscape analysis at NMR. (1-3)

The earthwork remains of a deserted farmstead of probable post-medieval date can be seen on aerial photographs, approximately 100 metres to the north-east of Lyshwell Farm at circa SS 83753068.
The earthworks have been transcribed from the aerial photographs available to the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey at a scale of 1:2500. Due to the location of the deserted farmstead to the south of a belt of trees, the site was in shade on many of the photographs available to the survey. Nonetheless, much of the enclosure earthwork has been transcribed. Unfortunately the visibility of internal structures was limited. ( 4-7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Lyshwell and Shircombe: Deserted Farmsteads and Field Systems
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Source Number : 2
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Wilson-North WR 20-Jul-1995
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Source Number : 3
Source : Lyshwell 1/ink survey
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Source Number : 4
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 106G/UK/1420 (F20) 3457-8 15-APR-1946
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Source Number : 5
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR RAF 540/860 (F20) 4123-4 02-SEP-1952
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Source Number : 6
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SS/8330/28-31 (23426/05-8) 01-MAR-2004
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Source Number : 7
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUULM (CBO1-3) 07-SEP-1976
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Farmstead, Enclosure, House Platform
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1198
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : HER Number (Exmoor National Park)
External Cross Reference Number : MDE12508
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 83 SW 32
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WESTER SHIRCOMBE PROJECT
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1995-11-03
End Date : 1995-11-14
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01