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Historic England Research Records

Car Dyke

Hob Uid: 1034661
Location :
Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire
South Cambridgeshire, Fenland, North Kesteven, South Kesteven, East Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire
City of Peterborough
North Kyme, Billinghay, Deeping St. James, Martin, South Kyme, Timberland, Farcet, Ewerby and Evedon, Peakirk, Deeping Gate, Northborough, Glinton, Newborough, Whittlesey, Eye, Willingham, Cottenham, Heighington, Branston and Mere, Washingborough, Waterbeach, Potter Hanworth, Ramsey, Landbeach, Chatteris, Sutton, Walcott, Metheringham, Nocton, Dunston, Somersham, Blankney, Horbling, Colne, Earith, Billingborough, Pointon and Sempringham, Dowsby, Asgarby and Howell, Haddenham, Morton & Hanthorpe, Haconby, Helpringham, Heckington, Great Hale, Little Hale, Swaton, Dunsby, Rippingale, Thurlby, Market Deeping, Bourne, Baston, Langtoft
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TF2585917529
Summary : Water channel traditionally thought to be a Roman canal from the River Witham to the Cam. Proved to form part of late 1st or early 2nd century fen drainage system. The water channel is flanked by substantial banks, possibly acting as flood defences. Surviving as earthworks.
More information : Car Dyke surveyed by Trollope in 1872 from the River Witham at Washingborough (TM 0270) to Fengate (TL 2098). (Annotations on 6" map strips in Linear Archive File.) (1)

Special annotated 6" map strip of Car Dyke from Park Wood Thurlby (TF 10106) to the south-west of Great Hale (TF 1642) compiled by Mrs Hallam, 1953-54. (See Linear Archive File). (2)

From the Northants/Lincs county boundary [River Welland] northwards, the Car Dyke is generally incorporated into modern drainage of arable land, and runs through an area of extensive Romano-British occupation.
Northwards from TF 145 500 [Halfpenny Bridge], contemporary sites close to the Car Dyke are spasmodic, but several good stretches with flanking banks survive. (See annotations on 6" map strips in Linear Archive File and re-surveyed earthwork sections at 25" scale) (3)

Course investigated south of the River Welland to Fengate. (See annotations on 6" map strips in Linear Archive File and re-surveyed earthwork sections at 25" scale (4)

Re-investigated at TF 118 152,TF 104 183 and TF 153 540 on 6" map strips and annotated on 6" map strips (5)
Car Dyke. A series of watercourses, usually in fairly straight lengths, extending from the River Cam at Waterbeach to the River Witham at Washingborough has been traditionally been named Car Dyke but this strictly applies to the section, largely in Lincolnshire, to the north of the River Nene at Peterborough. The application of the name to the Cambridgeshire section south of the River Nene (LINEAR 327) is erroneous.
The tradition that Car Dyke was a Roman canal has been refuted by recent investigation north of Bourne (6-7). It could not have possibly been used for water-borne transport, but is part of a fen drainage and land reclamation system. The dyke is not continuous, being interrupted at intervals by causeways, and functions as a catchwater, diverting water from the uplands to the west in east-flowing streams. Investigation of the section between the Welland and the Nene (10) has confirmed the function as a catchwater, constructed in the late 1st or early 2nd century. (6-13)

The course of the dyke between Billinghay and Ferry Bridge in Ewerby and Evedon was recorded at a scale of 1:10000 from aerial photographs as part of the Welland Valley project. (15-17)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trollope E. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhun.74-81.
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Special 6" Map compiled from Archive Sheets supplied by Mrs S J Hallam, 1953-54.
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Source Number : 11
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Peterborough New Town - A Survey of the Antiquities in the Areas of Development. 1969. 40-43. Figs. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England)
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Source Number : 12
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Phillips C W. 1931. Archaeological Journal Volume 91. 119-120.
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Source Number : 13
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : King-Fane W. 1931. Lincolnshire Notes and Queries xxi.89.
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Source Number : 14
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Ordnance Survey Linear Archive File LINEAR 53 in NMRC
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Source Number : 15
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP RC8 BG24 03-MAY-1976
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Source Number : 16
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/75305 107 03-JUL-1975
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Source Number : 17
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR TF 1453/2 5246/9328 25-SEP-1932
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F R Harper/15-JUL-1965/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : B H Seaman/JAN-1969/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F D Colquhoun/23-APR-1975/Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigator
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Simmons B B. 1979. Britannia Volume 10. 183-196. Plans.
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Simmons B B. 1975. The Lincolnshire Car Dyke.
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Phillips C W. 1970. Fenland in Roman Times. 252-5 passim.
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Todd M. 1973. The Coritani. 46-54. Plan. Profile.
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Pryor A. 1978. Durobrivae Volume 6. 24-25. plan.
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Drainage System, Water Channel, Bank (Earthwork), Flood Defences
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 35725
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : LINEAR 53
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 350755
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1034621
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 351012
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1407110
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1572321
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1034966
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1034970
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Associated Monuments : 1034975
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Associated Monuments : 1034844
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1034861
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Associated Monuments : 1034890
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1034921
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1034943
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1034960
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Associated Monuments : 1066327
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Associated Monuments : 1400596
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1407110
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1974-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE, HORBLING FEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1987-01-01
End Date : 1987-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND EAST OF THETFORD AVENUE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MANOR PIT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LANGTOFT HALL FARM
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1991-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MARKET DEEPING (MAD 2)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1991-01-01
End Date : 1992-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LITTLE HALE DROVE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HECKINGTON FEN WATER MAIN RELAY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HELPRINGHAM FEN
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PASTON RESERVE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DYKE AND MORTON, BOURNE-MORTON WATER MAIN REPLACEMENT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BILLINGHAY-NORTH KYME WATER PIPELINE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, THE LINCOLNSHIRE CAR DYKE
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BLANKNEY-METHERINGHAM WATER PIPELINE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE, HELPRINGHAM FEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE, DEEPING GATE TO STANGROUND
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MILL COTTAGE, BLANKNEY BARFF
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OAK TREE FARM, BLANKNEY BARFF
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CHESTNUT CLOSE, PEAKIRK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LOWER WITHAM FLOOD DEFENCES (PHASE 4)
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT BEDEHOUSE BANK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: WITHAM VALLEY NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HORTON'S GARAGE, FEN ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND OFF MANNING ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PLAYING FIELD OFF MANNING LANE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CAR DYKE, EYE ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CARR DYKE, MANOR DRIVE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COTTAGE FARM, FEN ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND BETWEEN WEST STREET AND CAR DYKE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 54 CHURCH STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31