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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 1041443

Hob Uid: 1041443
Location :
Somerset
Somerset West and Taunton
Exmoor
Grid Ref : SS7740342598
Summary : An extensive system of post medieval, probably 19th century drainage ditches are visible as earthworks on Lanacombe, Exmoor. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed. Other similar ditches are visible in the surrounding areas, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats. Many of the ditches are associated with areas of peat cutting.
More information : Centred at SS 7780 4290 is an extensive system of 19th century drainage ditches, covering most of Lanacombe, and presumably associated with the Knight's improvements on Exmoor. (1)

An extensive system of post medieval, probably 19th century drainage ditches are visible as earthworks on Lanacombe, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7780 4290, the drainage system extends across an total area of approximately 79 hectares. In the southern half of the system, the drains mostly run from south to north, presumably draining into Hoccombe Water. The remainder of the ditches run approximately east-west, and appear to drain into a large leat west of the enclosure at Lanacombe, which in turn runs into Hoccombe Water.
The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed. Other similar ditches are visible in the surrounding areas, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into contour leats. Many of the ditches are associated with areas of peat cutting (2-4).

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Wilson-North W R 09-AUG-1994 RCHME Field Investigation.
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Source Number : 2
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73109 870-72 29-APR-1973
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Source Number : 3
Source : Externally held archive reference
Source details : Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press page(s) 32-33
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Source Number : 3
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/95026 099-100 12-MAR-1995
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Drainage Ditch, Drainage System
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Somerset)
External Cross Reference Number : 18810
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SS 74 SE 126
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1477817
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477851
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477856
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477860
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475967
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1477882
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1475743
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: WEST EXMOOR PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: EXMOOR NATIONAL PARK NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2007-04-01
End Date : 2009-07-01