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Historic England Research Records

Leicester Abbey

Hob Uid: 1051690
Location :
City Of Leicester
City Of Leicester
City Of Leicester
Grid Ref : SK5839005900
Summary : Augustinian Abbey of St Mary de Pre (or Pratis), founded 1143 by Robert le Bossu and suppressed in 1538. It was one of the biggest houses of this order in England. Excavations have located the layout of the abbey which is now visible as reconstructed foundations. Dependencies: Cockerham Priory and the secular college of St Mary De Castro, Leicester.
More information : [SK 5839 0590] Abbot Penny's Wall (NR)
Leicester Abbey (Remains of) (NR) (1)

The Abbey of St Mary of the Meadows (de Pratis) or Leicester Abbey was founded in 1143 by Robert le Bossu, the second Earl of Leicester, for Canons Regular of the Order of St Augustine. Abbot Bourchier surrendered the house on the 28th August 1538.
Nothing exists of the original conventual buildings except certain portions of masonry now incorporated in the reconstructed foundations of the main buildings which are based partly on the excavated remains, partly upon analogy and evidence of a contemporary survey 1538-1539.
Much of the wall surrounding the site appears to be original including the stone wall on the north-east and east, and what was possibly a cell or small separate lodging in the south-east corner, and the brick wall along Abbey Lane built by Abbot Penny at the end of the fifteenth century. Various tiles, jettons and miscellaneous finds unearthed during excavations at different times are in the City Museum. (2)

ABBEY PARK

Abbey Ruins

Founded in 1143 for Augustinian Canons. Was one of the largest of this order in England. Only the foundation of the building remain laid out on lawns in Abbey Park. Grade I.

Abbot Penny's Wall

Circa 1500. Stone rubble walls. the west wall along Abbey lane heightened C17/C18th in red brick, with ramp coping of engineering bricks above. Grade II. (3)

The site of Leicester Abbey now falls within a public park. No remains of the conventual buildings can be identified in situ but reconstructed foundation lines are complete within themselves. The perimeter wall survives almost completely and stands to a maximum height of 3.4m. - restoration is very evident. See photographs and annotated 1:1250 plan. (4)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1927-38
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Levi Fox. 1949. Leicester Abbey - booklet
Page(s) :
Figs. :
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Source Number : 3
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : City of Leicester, 14 March 1975
Page(s) : 1
Figs. :
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 01-MAY-1972
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 5
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Leicestershire
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : Part 26
Source Number : 6
Source : Medieval religious houses in England and Wales
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Extant
Monument End Date : 1538
Monument Start Date : 1143
Monument Type : Augustinian Monastery, Abbey, Precinct Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Ruined Building, Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 188560
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Leicestershire)
External Cross Reference Number : 50NE BG
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 50 NE 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 319314
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 319111
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 319116
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 332124
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 316726
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 1052301
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 867106
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 41059
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 342083
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1716-01-01
End Date : 1716-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1844-01-01
End Date : 1845-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1854-01-01
End Date : 1864-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1923-01-01
End Date : 1923-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1929-01-01
End Date : 1931-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1932-01-01
End Date : 1932-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 50 NE 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-05-01
End Date : 1972-05-01
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY PRECINCT WALLS
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY PARK
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY, ABBEY PARK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : LEICESTER ABBEY, ABBEY PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY GROUNDS, ABBEY PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY PARK CABLING
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY GROUNDS, ABBEY PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2011-01-01
End Date : 2011-12-31
Associated Activities : ABBEY GROUNDS, ABBEY PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : LAND AT ABBEY PARK
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2018-01-01
End Date : 2018-12-31