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Historic England Research Records

Brampton Bryan Castle

Hob Uid: 106887
Location :
County of Herefordshire
Brampton Bryan
Grid Ref : SO3703072577
Summary : A late 13th or early 14th century castle, constructed of sandstone rubble and ashlar, with 16th and 17th additions to hall range. Beseiged in 1643 and 1644 by the Royalists and taken on the second occasion. Subsequently ruined. The gatehouse and twin towers of the barbican survive. There is also a mutilated mound which may be the remains of an earlier motte and bailey. A view by Buck in 1731 shows little more standing than at present. The castle is scheduled and the hall and castle listed separately.
More information : (SO 370725) Castle (NR) (remains of). (1)

The existing remains of Brampton Bryan Castle are those of the building begun c 1309. A tower is noted in 1295, (a). To the E 14thc belong the remains of the great hall and the inner part of the gatehouse which appears to have projected inwards from the curtain wall. The outer part of the gatehouse was added very shortly afterwards. Extensive alterations seem to have been made to the building in the 16thc, and the NE wing of the modern (Georgian) (3) house incorporates work of this date. In 1643, and again in 1644, the castle was besieged by the Royalists, being taken on the second occasion and subsequently ruined. Buck's view of 1731 shows little more standing than at present survives. The ruins have been repaired in recent years. Grade I. (2-4)

As described. Work has just started to consolidate the remains.
Published survey (25") correct. (5)

SO 370726. A mutilated mound, probably the remains of a large, low motte. Fragmentary remains of a later stone castle; no part of tower noted in 1295 survives. Gatehouse and twin-tower barbican of 14th century date. Ordered to be held against [Owain] Glendower in 1403. Besieged 1643, taken 1644 (a). (6)

In view of the stylistic parallels with the (?post 1283) hall at Ludlow Castle [SO 57 SW 2], it is possible that the remains of the hall range and inner Gatehouse are the work of Bryan de Brampton (d.1295), dating from 1284-94. Extensive remodelling undertaken during L16th or E17th century destroyed during the sieges of 1643-4. A two-floored house of seven bays under a hipped roof, under construction 1662-63, is shown on a plan of 1722 before incorporation into the present 18th century mansion. The inner Gatehouse, which is contained within rather than projecting from the line of the curtain wall was probably the Tower mentioned in 1295, with the outer Gatehouse and Barbican designed largely as a frontispiece. The ditch noted by Pevsner [Source 3] separating the Hall from the inner Gatehouse is a path cut within the last hundred years for the convenience of tennis players. (7)

Castle ruins. Early and late 14th c. sandstone rubble with dressings of the same. Probably formerly three storeys. Hall, formerly three storeys and now ruinous, early 14th c. with 16th c. additions. Sandstone rubble and ashalr. Castle and Hall listed grade I. (8)

Additional references. (9-10)

SO 3703 7260. The motte described by authority 6, and possible traces of a bailey, are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs and have been mapped by RCHME's Marches Uplands Mapping Project. (11)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : Ordnance Survey 6" map sheet 1963.
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Figs. :
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Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Herefordshire. Volume III: north-west
Source details :
Page(s) : 19-21
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club : transactions
Source details : (R H George)
Page(s) : 216-19
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 23 (1918-19)
Source Number : 10
Source : A guide to castles and moated sites in Herefordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 55-63
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.2
Source Number : 11
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : CUCAP BM 51
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Source Number :
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Hereford and Worcester (November 1986)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 20
Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Calendar Inquisitions p.m., iii, 189. (No.291)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Herefordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 82
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Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Leominster and Wigmore Hereford July 1953 5
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : First OS Archaeology Field Investigator DRB 15-MAY-72
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 202
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 6a
Source : Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club : transactions
Source details : (Rev J D La Touche)
Page(s) : 189-92
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : (1881-82)
Source Number : 7
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (H Gordon Slade)
Page(s) : 26-Sep
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 138 (1981)
Source Number : 8
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of Leominster, 19th February 1987, 18
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Castle, Great Hall, Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Ruined Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Late C13-14
Monument End Date : 1400
Monument Start Date : 1267
Monument Type : Castle, Gatehouse, Barbican
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered C16
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Castle, Great Hall
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Ruined 1644
Monument End Date : 1644
Monument Start Date : 1644
Monument Type : Castle, Great Hall, Gatehouse, Barbican
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HW 89
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 27500
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 149493
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 149494
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : NBR Index Number
External Cross Reference Number : 81295
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : MU.222.2
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 37 SE 26
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 106911
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 37 SE 26
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-05-15
End Date : 1972-05-15
Associated Activities : Primary, BRAMPTON BRYAN CASTLE
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1986-01-01
End Date : 1986-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: MARCHES UPLANDS NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BRAMPTON BRYAN CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2007-01-01
End Date : 2007-12-31