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Historic England Research Records

Croft Castle

Hob Uid: 108431
Location :
County of Herefordshire
Croft and Yarpole
Grid Ref : SO4494365442
Summary : Country house, probably late 16th century or early 17th century with later additions, built on the remains of a 14th/15th century weak quadrangular castle, which was dismantled by Royalists in 1645. It comprises two storeys with cellars and attics constructed of stone and brick, with a slate roof. It is roughly rectangular in plan with a central courtyard and circular four-stage corner turrets at the angles.
More information : (SO 449654) Croft Castle (NR). (1)

Largely 14th-15th c with 18th c and later alterations. (2)

No change. Published survey (25") revised. (3)

Listed Grade 1. (4)

Croft Castle. Two storeys with cellars and attics. Walls of stone and brick, roofed with slate. Roughly rectangular in plan with central courtyard and circular four-stage corner turrets at angles. Probably 15th century or earlier in date. Attic floor and top stages of angle-towers are modern. The original fabric is probably indicated by the thicker walls on the W. and S. sides. N. range with N.E. turret rebuilt in 16th century, and large L-shaped wing added on N. side. Castle dismantled by Royalists in 1645. N.W. range largely reconstructed in brick during the early 18th century, and the S. wall of the N. range rebuilt. Considerable alterations were made during the mid-18th century, followed by the rebuilding of the E. side and the modernisation of the whole of the fabric. The E. [main] front proch and the two projecting bays flanking it are of modern construction.

The interior contains some 16th century doorways and ceiling beams, much 17th century wall-panelling, some reused, staircases of 17th century date in whole or part, and several fireplace surrounds c.1700. (5)

SO 449655. Weak quadrangular castle with very small round towers and rather thin walls, Mentioned in 1478 (a), and `defaced' in 1645 to prevent it becoming an enemy stronghold. (6)

Country house. Probably late 16th or early 17th century, extended late 17th century. Interior and exterior remodelling c.1765 by Thomas Farnolls Pritchard of Shrewsbury, and Walter Sarel 1913. There are the remains of a late 17th century range, extending N. from the N.W. corner (largely demolished in 1937). Listed grade I, the property is in the care of the National Trust. (7)

Additional reference. (8)

Listed by Shoesmith. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963.
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Croft Castle 1960 (National Trust)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DJC 27-NOV-72
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Leominster and Wigmore, Herefordshire, July 1953, 7
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Source Number : 5
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Herefordshire. Volume III: north-west
Source details :
Page(s) : 35-6
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details :
Page(s) : 204
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1
Source Number : 6A
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : William Worcestre, Itineraries ed. J Harvey 1969 205, 209
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Source Number : 7
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) District of Leominster, December 1986, 15-16
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Source Number : 8
Source : Register of parks and gardens of special historic interest in England
Source details : Hereford and Worcester (November 1986)
Page(s) :
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Plates :
Vol(s) : Part 20
Source Number : 9
Source : A guide to castles and moated sites in Herefordshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 84-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.2

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14/C15 construction
Monument End Date : 1499
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Quadrangular Castle, Angle Tower
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Constructed late C16/early C17
Monument End Date : 1733
Monument Start Date : 1567
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Partly dismantled in 1648
Monument End Date : 1648
Monument Start Date : 1648
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : extended in late 17th century
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1667
Monument Type : Country House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 149429
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 46 NW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1092026
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 46 NW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1972-11-27
End Date : 1972-11-27
Associated Activities : Primary, CROFT CASTLE VISITOR FACILITY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CROFT CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CROFT CASTLE ESTATE
Activity type : MANAGEMENT SURVEY
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CROFT CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT CROFT CASTLE
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31