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Historic England Research Records

Deadmans Burial

Hob Uid: 1084685
Location :
West Oxfordshire
Grid Ref : SP4260008060
Summary : A sub-circular cropmark enclosure visible on air photographs may represent a hengiform monument. The monument is located between the two concentric circuits of the Eynsham causewayed enclosure (SP 40 NW 353), and comprises two asymmetrical arcs of ditch which define a sub-oval area circa 10 metres by 5 metres. The entrances are approximately northwest and southeast, but are not perfectly aligned. However, the overall alignment of the monument appears similar to that of the causewayed enclosure. Harding & Lee describe the site as a mini-henge, although it could plausibly represent some form of ring ditch-defined funerary monument.
More information : The following feature was mapped from good quality air photographs:-

Possible Prehistoric or Roman enclosure, seen as cropmarks.
Morphological description: a subcircular enclosure, diameter 8m,
defined by one ditch, with 1 entrance. Centred at:-SP 4261 0806.
(Morph No. TG.587.81.2)

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database. (1)

The enclosure described by the previous authority is probably a
Bronze Age henge. The henge encloses a sub-oval area measuring 10m
by 5m, centred at SP 4260 0806. It has opposed, but asymmetric,
entrances aligned NW-SE. The henge is situated between the two
circuits of a possible Neolithic causewayed enclosure (SP 40 NW 353)
The entrances of the henge are on the same alignment as this
enclosure perhaps suggesting the henge has been deliberately placed
in relation to the causewayed enclosure.

The henge was planned at 1:2500 scale using computer-aided
transcription as part of the Eynsham Project which is part of the
Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic Project. (2)

The henge is known as Deadman's Burial 2. (2a)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Moraig Brown/20-APR-1993/RCHME: Thames Valley NMP
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Source Number : 2
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Helen Winton/26-JUN-1997/RCHME: Eynsham Project
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Source Number : 2a
Source : Henge monuments and related sites of Great Britain : air photographic evidence and catalogue
Source details : Site 148
Page(s) : 239-40
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 175
Source Number :
Source : Eynsham
Source details :
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Source Number :
Source : Eynsham/ink AP transcription
Source details :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Neolithic
Display Date : Late Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -2900
Monument Type : Hengiform Monument
Evidence : Cropmark
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Ring Ditch
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : LI.587.81
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SP 40 NW 354
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1084683
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: EYNSHAM PROJECT
Start Date : 1997-06-18
End Date : 1997-06-27