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Historic England Research Records

Kirkandrews Tower

Hob Uid: 10859
Location :
Cumbria
Carlisle
Kirkandrews
Grid Ref : NY3892071927
Summary : House, built as a tower house in the 16th century and altered in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Three storeyed, with corbelled parapets. Built of sandstone rubble with a slate roof. The first floor doorway is reached via an external stone stair of 19th century date. Remains of a barmkin.
More information : (NY 3891 7192) Kirkandrews Tower (NR). (1)

Built in the first half of the 16th century. The farm has a castellated wall "no doubt of the 19th century". (2)

Now slightly modernised and still in use as a residence, Kirkandrews Tower is generally as described above. (3)

House, formerly tower house. C16 replacing earlier tower, for the Graham family, with C18 and C20 alterations. Thick red sandstone rubble walls on chamfered plinth with large flush quoins, corbelled parapets with projecting water spouts; steeply pitched gabled slate roof with parapet, end stone chimney stacks. 3 storeys, 2 bays. C20 first floor door in roll moulded architrave, reached by C19 external stone steps; entrance to basement below has plank door and similar architrave. Small original window to left of entrance; 2 similar windows on 2 levels above have been blocked. Partly blocked C18 openings, on 3 levels to left, with C20 casements. Rear wall has large C18 blocked window; C19 window to left, other windows are C20. Interior has vaulted basement originally reached by trap door from first floor. Newel staircase in thickness of wall beside entrance. See Curwen, Castles & Towers of Cumberland & Westmorland,
1913, p381.

4/72 Screen walls adjoining Kirkandrews Tower. Grade II.
Screen walls for Kirkandrews Tower. Dated 1827 with initials W.G. (Graham) over entrance. Inner walls partly of brick with red
sandstone rubble facings, red sandstone ashlar entrance arches and dressings. Walls 3 metres high, with higher entrances, projecting from west and north wall of tower. Central archway in west wall is blocked and flanking triple mullioned windows are also blocked. North wall has similar dated entrance, pointed chamfered arch, string course and battlemented parapet with moulded and chamfered merlons. Flanking walls have battlemented parapet and blocked triple mullioned windows. (4)

Listed with plan and elevation. Surveyed in 1985. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" (Prov) 1971
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Cumberland and Westmorland
Source details :
Page(s) : 147
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 RD 16-JUL-70
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) City of Carlisle, Cumbr, June 1984, 28
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The medieval fortified buildings of Cumbria : an illustrated gazetteer and research guide
Source details :
Page(s) : 232
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : vol.29

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C16
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1500
Monument Type : Tower House, Barmkin
Evidence : Extant Building, Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C16
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Tower House, Barmkin
Evidence : Extant Building, Structure
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered in C18
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Altered in C19
Monument End Date : 1900
Monument Start Date : 1801
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : 20th Century
Display Date : Altered in C20
Monument End Date : 1999
Monument Start Date : 1900
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 78154
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 37 SE 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 37 SE 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-07-16
End Date : 1970-07-16
Associated Activities : Primary, NETHERBY HALL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31