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Historic England Research Records

Cheney Longville Castle

Hob Uid: 109036
Location :
Shropshire
Wistanstow
Grid Ref : SO4175084760
Summary : Farmhouse, originally a fortified manor house. A license to embattle the house was granted to Roger Cheney in 1395. The buildings rise immediately out of a moat, half of which is destroyed, and surround a courtyard. The farmhouse has destroyed the original character of the west side of the courtyard, but the farm buildings retain a number of distinctly medieval features. There are 17th and 19th century modifications.
More information : (SO 41758476) Castle (NR) Moat (NR). (1)

Cheney Longville Castle. Licence to embattle his house at Cheney Longville was granted to Roger Cheney in 1395. The buildings rise immediately out of a moat and surround a courtyard which is entered on the north side by a bridge and a modern arch, probably on the site of the original gateway. The farmhouse has destroyed the original character of the west side of the courtyard, but the farm buildings retain a number of distinctly medieval features. Below the garden is a meadow which was formerly a pond supplying water to a mill. (2)

The castle stands within a moat, half of which is now destroyed, and outside this are indications of banks and an outer moat, with a fish-pond on the SE. On the NE an embanked lake formed the chief defence, while the south was strengthened by a rampart and ditch. The eastern curve of the latter terminated in a pond, and
the western end probably extended to join the lake. (3)

Cheney Longville Castle, a fortified manor house set around a courtyard. Now a farmhouse and outbuildings, in fair condition and as described above. The fabric is largely Md, with a number of 14th century corridors and doorways (some blocked), but there have been wide-spread renovations and alterations at different times.

The moat, now marshy or dry, remains of the S & E sides. A rectangular Md fishpond lies parallel to the E arm of the moat and is also dry. N of the house, at a lower level, is the site of a pond, 150.0m by 100.0m in area contained by a large bay, 100.0m in
length, 10.0m in width and up to 2.5m in height. The purpose of this pond was not ascertained, but a rock-cut spillway, now
accommodating a small stream, leads away downhill, eastwards, from the NE corner which suggests it was a millpond. To the S and E of the house is an outwork, comprising a ditch, 6.0m wide and 0.5 to 1.5m deep, with remains of an inner bank, 4.0m wide and up to 0.5m in height, which extends from the modern road W of the house to the outskirts of the village to the NE, except
where ploughed out in recent times. Published 1:2500 survey revised. (4)

House and farm buildings round a courtyard; the houses having a 17th century look constructionally while the two storey farm
buildings have distinct Medieval features (? 14th century). Grade 2*. (5)

Scheduled listing. (6)

Listed by Cathcart King. (7)

Traces of the outer moat, fishponds and other defensive banks are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, although the inner moat is obscured by trees. A hollow way or footpath, visible as an earthwork, approaches the site from the south. The features have been mapped by RCHME's Marches Uplands Mapping Project. (8-10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:2500
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society
Source details : (F S Acton)
Page(s) : 119-128
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1 - 1877-8
Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of Shropshire: volume one
Source details : (Wall & Downman)
Page(s) : 407-8
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 08-JAN-73
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Ludlow RD 15.3.74 247 14/20
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 18/02/1997
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 422
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/73068 854-5 10-APR-1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SO 4184/4 04-MAR-1988
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SO 4184/2 04-APR-1990
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : C14
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1300
Monument Type : Manor House, Courtyard House
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : After 1395
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1395
Monument Type : Fortified Manor House, Courtyard House, Moat, Pond, Lake
Evidence : Extant Building, Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C17
Monument End Date : 1699
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Farmhouse
Evidence : Extant Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C18
Monument End Date : 1799
Monument Start Date : 1700
Monument Type : Tanning Pit
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C19 alterations
Monument End Date : 1899
Monument Start Date : 1800
Monument Type : Farmhouse
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 13679
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 460401
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 460402
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Shropshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 15905
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : MU.417.18
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 48 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 109066
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 48 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1973-01-08
End Date : 1973-01-08
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: MARCHES UPLANDS NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE FARM, CHENEY LONGVILLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31