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Historic England Research Records

Rybury Camp (Hillfort)

Hob Uid: 1093452
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Allcannings
Grid Ref : SU0832063960
Summary : Fairly well preserved earthworks of probable Late Bronze Age or Iron Age univallate hillfort. The hill also features a Neolithic causewayed enclosure (SU 06 SE 14) and Post Medieval chalk or flint extraction (SU 06 SE 64). The earthworks at Rybury were surveyed by RCHME in 1995.
More information : (SU 0832 6397) RYBURY CAMP
In 1995, RCHME carried out an analytical earthwork survey of the causewayed enclosure on Rybury Hill (SU 06 SE 14) as part of a national project to record industry and enclosure in the neolithic period (1). The overlying Iron Age hillfort and presumed Post Medieval chalk or flint extraction pits were allocated new NMR numbers (respectively SU 06 SE 63 and 64), to enhance the record.

The site was surveyed at 1:1250 scale in the early 1960s by RCHME, prior to a small scale excavation by Desmond Bonney. In 1973 It was described by the Ordnance Survey as follows: the Iron Age enclosure comprises a ditch, averaging 1.5m deep, with an outer counterscarp bank rising 1.1m above it. The enclosure is 190.0m long N-S by about 150.0m overall, with a simple break to the S, Probably indicating the original entrance. Although the SE section of the enclosure is severely mutilated by modern quarrying the ditch is clearly incomplete, with several gang-work type banks still crossing it. These are particularly noticeable in the E (1a;b).
The earthwork remains basically as described above. Although the description of 'causeways' in the ditch is correct, the interpretation of the monument as a hillfort, of Late Bronze Age or early Iron Age date, is almost certainly correct.

For further information, see Level 3 archive report and earthwork plan at 1:1000 scale, held in the Archive. A number of colour photographs were taken, subsequent to the field survey, but as part of the same project; these are also available through the Archive. (1)

The Late Bronze Age or Iron Age fort described by the previous authorities has also been mapped at 1:10,000 scale from aerial photographs. It has been photographed from the air a number of times from the 1920's onwards. (2-5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : RCHME: Industry and Enclosure in the Neolithic Period: Rybury Camp Survey
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Source Number : 1a
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 MH Buckley 31-oct-1973 (based on 1b)
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Source Number : 1b
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Plan at 1:1250 scale and report by RCHME (Desmond Bonney) c.1960
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Source Number : 2
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU0864/7 (ALK 7437/281) 15-JUL-1924
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Source Number : 3
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU0864/7 (WAP 1170/6 (AK963/2)) 29-JAN-1974
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Source Number : 4
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU0864/24 (4812/49) 19-MAR-1993
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Source Number : 5
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU0864/49 (4791/35) 19-MAR-1993
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : Late Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -1200
Monument Type : Hillfort, Univallate Hillfort, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Hillfort, Univallate Hillfort, Enclosure
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 06 SE 63
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1093453
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1093452
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1093452
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 216031
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : RCHME: INDUSTRY AND ENCLOSURE IN THE NEOLITHIC: RYBURY CAMP SURVEY
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 1995-06-05
End Date : 1995-06-09
Associated Activities : RCHME: AVEBURY WORLD HERITAGE SITE PROJECT
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-08-01
End Date : 1998-12-01