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Historic England Research Records

Battle Of Flodden 1513

Hob Uid: 1096
Location :
Northumberland
Carham, Ford, Branxton
Grid Ref : NT8890037300
Summary : The site of the Battle of Flodden fought on 9th September 1513 over arable fields close to the village of Branxton. In response to Henry VIII's invasion of France in 1513, the French King Louis XII requested that his ally, King James IV of Scotland, create a diversion by invading England. With Henry away in France, the Earl of Surrey took command of an army of 26,000 men and faced the 35,000-40,000 strong army of of James IV close to the border near the village of Branxton. In the battle that followed, Surrey defeated the Scots. James IV and a large proportion of the Scottish nobility were killed. The Scots deployed themselves on top of Flodden Hill and waited for the Earl of Surrey to attack. Surrey marched his men around to the north side of the feature forcing the Scottish King James IV to abandon his ground and march across the top of the Flodden plateau to Branxton Hill on the northern side. The Scots descended the hill in disciplined silence with the determination of the advance so shocking Edmund Howard's brigade that they promptly fled. The offensive power of the Scottish infantry lay in fifteen foot pikes. The Scots, however, were inexperienced in the use of such weapons and failed to deliver any killing impact. The English rallied and as battle raged on in the valley below the plateau, the only Scottish commanders remaining on top of the Flodden plateau were the Earls of Lennox and Argyll, with their contingent of Highlanders and Islanders. They were subjected to an attack by a brigade led by Sir Edward Stanley who easily defeated the Scots and suddenly found himself in occupation of the top of Branxton Hill behind the main Scottish lines. James was now surrounded, with Lord Dacre on the left flank, Lord Thomas Howard on the right and the Earl of Surrey before him. At the end of the day, 9,000 Scots and 4,000 Englishmen lay dead on Flodden Field. King James himself was slain resulting in decades of political instability after his death.
More information : [NT 890370] Site of [T.I.] Battle of Flodden Field or
Branxton Moor [NR] 9th September 1513 [T.I.] (1)

The Battle of Flodden Field was fought on September 9th, 1513 between the Scots under James IV and the English under the Earl of Surrey, and resulted in a Scottish defeat. The battle took place on Branxton Moor, in an area between the north side of Branxton Hill and the village. (2)

A modern memorial cross dedicated to both nations has been erected overlooking the site. (3)

Registered Battlefield. For the designation record of this site please see The National Heritage List for England. (4 & 12)

Additional sources. (5-10)

The site of the Battle of Flodden fought on 9th September 1513 over arable fields close to the village of Branxton. In response to Herny VIII's invasion of France in 1513, the French King Louis XII requested that his ally, King James IV of Scotland, create a diversion by invading England. With Henry away in France, the Earl of Surrey took command of an army of 26,000 men and faced the 35,000-40,000 strong army of of James IV close to the border near the village of Branxton.
In the battle that followed, Surrey defeated the Scots. James IV and a large proportion of the Scottish nobility were killed. For more details please refer to the source. (12)

This source provides detailed information on the battlefield and battle. (13)

Battlefield report (14)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1957
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Source Number : 2
Source : History of the Berwickshire Naturalists Club
Source details :
Page(s) : 239-269
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29 (1937)
Source Number : 12
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : English Heritage Register of Historic Battlefields. 2010. Battle of Flodden, [Accessed 17-JUL-2010]
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Source Number : 13
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : Battlefield Trust. 2010. Battle of Flodden, [Accessed 17-JUL-2010]
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Source Number : 14
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage. Battlefield Report: Flodden 1513. (https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/flodden.pdf)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : 06/02/1967
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Source Number : 4
Source : Register of historic battlefields
Source details : District of Northumberland, 06-JUN-1995
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Source Number : 5
Source : The Ordnance Survey complete guide to the battlefields of Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 123-126
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Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 232-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3 (1859)
Source Number : 7
Source : The battlefields of England
Source details :
Page(s) : 170
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Source Number : 8
Source : Archaeologia Aeliana : or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity
Source details :
Page(s) : 358
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16 (1894)
Source Number : 9
Source : Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Source details :
Page(s) : 147-151
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7
Source Number : 10
Source : British battles : the front lines of history in colour photographs
Source details :
Page(s) : 81-85
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Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : 9 September 1513
Monument End Date : 1513
Monument Start Date : 1513
Monument Type : Battlefield
Evidence : Documentary Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Unified Designation System UID
External Cross Reference Number : 1000011
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NT 83 NE 6
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1407175
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1407183
Relationship type : General association
Associated Monuments : 1090388
Relationship type :

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, HORSE CLOSE, FLODDEN FIELD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1818-01-01
End Date : 1818-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FLODDEN FIELD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1910-01-01
End Date : 1910-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON NT 83 NE 6
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-02-06
End Date : 1967-02-06
Associated Activities : Primary, FLODDEN HILL (BATTLE OF FLODDEN)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT WELL HOUSE, BRANXTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT BRANXTON
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2008-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT FLODDEN
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FLODDEN MONUMENT, PIPER'S HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31