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Historic England Research Records

Whitbourne Court

Hob Uid: 113948
Location :
County of Herefordshire
Whitbourne
Grid Ref : SO7256656894
Summary : A Medieval moated site, a palace or manor house of the Bishops of Hereford, built in a park which was disparked in 1620. The present house is mainly 18th-19th century but contains some Medieval and 16th century remains. The north-western side of the moat has been filled, but much of the rest, its island and a small pond to the south-east are extant.
More information : (SO 72565688) Whitbourne Court on site of (NAT) Bishop's
Palace (NR) Moat (NR). (1)

Whitbourne Court stands on the site of a manor house of the Bishops
of Hereford. It is very largely a modern building, but incorporates
some work in the central range which may be medieval, and a block
of masonry in the N wing is perhaps of the same age. The interior
contains 16th and 17thc. details.

The W side of the moat has been filled in. There are traces of an
inner bank on the NE side of the island. (2)

The bishops palace was built in a park which was disparked in 1620
although the grounds still retain the name of the Park. (3)

Taylor shows the name Sapey Park SW of Whitbourne. (4)

Whitbourne Court has had so many additions to the original building
that nothing outstanding remains. See GP's.

J Harington (QC) excavated the area in his garden to the ESE of the
house early in the 1920's and discovered walling which is probably
the foundations of the Bishop's Palace (a). No trace now remains
on the surface.

Only three arms of the moat remain, the north west arm having been
filled in. The north-east arm is contained by a bank 0.7m high
and 3.4m deep to the water. The outer scarp rises 2.0m out of the
moat, which originally went round the south and east sides of the
island. The island was created in the early 1800's. A causeway
appears at SO 72645678 whenever the moat is drained but it does
not connect with the present inner bank.(a)

Published survey (25") revised. (5)

Whitbourne Court. The site is that of a manor house of the Bishop of Hereford. It is largely 18th and 19th century, but incorporates some medieval and 17th century work. Grade 2 (6)

Additional bibliography. (7)

The water filled remains of the moat around the site of the Bishops Palace were seen centred at SO 7264 5683 and mapped from aerial photographs. The north-western side of the moat has been filled in, but much of the rest of the moat remains with its small island to the south and a small elongated pond outside the moat to the south-east. (8-9)

The moat is much as described by previous authorities, though part of the NE arm has now been filled in; it survives as an earthwork. A slight bank along the outside E edge of the moat continues the mapped embankment along the NE side and contains an overflow channel to the pool to the S, which is extant as an earthwork with ruinous brick wall and sluice at its S end. In the interior a broad raised area at the extreme W corner looks like a deposit of rubble or rubbish rather than a bank, unlike the substantial bank along the NE side. There is much stone visible across the site but no architectural fragments, with the exception of two sculpted pieces of ?early post-medieval date on display in the garden. There has been some recent garden landscaping. The causeway appears as a hard stone ridge when the water is low and leads to the beech avenue which once extended S as far as a lodge on the present A44. The original part of the moat is as much as 3m deep, though mostly 2-2.5m, while the newer part at the extreme S, cut to form a small island, is only about 1m deep (a). (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM Here 2, 1932, 214
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Source Number : 10
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Mark Bowden/17-June-2002/Malvern Hills Archaeol Project
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Source Number : 10A
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Pers comm, Mr Roger Clark (owner) to M Bowden
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : History of Herefordshire vol 2 pt I 1812 235-6 (J Duncumb)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Map of Herefordshire 1754 scale 1" = 1 mile (I Taylor)
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Source Number : 4a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Inf Mrs J Harington Whitbourne Court, Whitbourne.
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DRB 20-JUL-70
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Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE (HHR) Rural Dist of Bromyard Here 12 April 1973 206
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Woolhope Club Archaeol Res Sect NS 20 1971 4-5
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Source Number : 8
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SO 7256/1 (MIL 19532/111) 29-AUG-1998
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Source Number : 9
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR OS/70127 0008 24-MAY-1970
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Bishops Palace, Manor House, Moat, Park
Evidence : Earthwork, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : House
Evidence : Extant Building

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 75 NW 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WHITBOURNE COURT
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1920-01-01
End Date : 1929-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 75 NW 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1970-07-20
End Date : 1970-07-20
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE:MALVERN HILLS AONB NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2000-07-01
End Date : 2001-11-01
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD WHITBOURNE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31